How to format your references using the Journal of Voice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Voice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohman T. Mathematics. Emergence of connectivity in networks. Science. 2009;323(5920):1438-1439.
A journal article with 2 authors
Macosko EZ, McCarroll SA. Genetics. Our fallen genomes. Science. 2013;342(6158):564-565.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Connor S, Ono R, Clarkson C. Pelagic fishing at 42,000 years before the present and the maritime skills of modern humans. Science. 2011;334(6059):1117-1121.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pruyne D, Evangelista M, Yang C, et al. Role of formins in actin assembly: nucleation and barbed-end association. Science. 2002;297(5581):612-615.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paterson JC. Lean Auditing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Xidonas P. Multicriteria Portfolio Management. Vol 69. (Mavrotas G, Krintas T, Psarras J, Zopounidis C, eds.). Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Bhattacharya A, Vijaylaxmi. Physiological Responses of Grain Legumes to Stress Environments. In: Yadav SS, Redden R, eds. Climate Change and Management of Cool Season Grain Legume Crops. Springer Netherlands; 2010:35-86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Voice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Fixing ‘Leaky’ Blood Vessels To Combat Severe Respiratory Ailments And, Perhaps, Ebola. IFLScience. Published January 21, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Urban Transportation: Challenges to Widespread Deployment of Intelligent Transportation Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Villagomez GC. Helping Foster Parents and Kinship Caregivers Support High School Graduation for Children in Their Care: A Self-Instructional Workbook. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Jeezy Tops Chart in 3-Way Battle. New York Times. November 7, 2016:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Voice
AbbreviationJ. Voice
ISSN (print)0892-1997
Speech and Hearing

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