How to format your references using the Journal of Voice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Voice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tatar M. Comment on “Long-lived Drosophila with overexpressed dFOXO in adult fat body.” Science. 2005;307(5710):675; author reply 675.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thyer R, Ellefson J. Synthetic biology: New letters for life’s alphabet. Nature. 2014;509(7500):291-292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun X-Q, Shen H-W, Cheng X-Q. Trading network predicts stock price. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3711.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cao T, Wei C-W, Simpson RE, Zhang L, Cryan MJ. Broadband polarization-independent perfect absorber using a phase-change metamaterial at visible frequencies. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3955.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janke SJ, Tinsley FC. Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Tropina T. Self- and Co-Regulation in Cybercrime, Cybersecurity and National Security. (Callanan C, ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Croese M, Westerman W. OPEC’s Influence on European Oil Stock Returns. In: Dorsman A, Westerman W, Simpson JL, eds. Energy Technology and Valuation Issues. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:57-80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Voice.

Blog post
Fang J. Where Do Allergies Come From? IFLScience. Published November 2, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Important Progress Made in Establishing Foundational Architecture Products and Investment Management Practices, but Much Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wellman TE. Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and Practice. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. Clinton Said to Consider Sending Troops to Bosnia. New York Times. February 10, 1993:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Voice
AbbreviationJ. Voice
ISSN (print)0892-1997
Speech and Hearing

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