How to format your references using the Journal of Voice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Voice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rahman N. Realizing the promise of cancer predisposition genes. Nature. 2014;505(7483):302-308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson AJA, Williams JMJ. Chemistry. The give and take of alcohol activation. Science. 2010;329(5992):635-636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiegelhalter D, Pearson M, Short I. Visualizing uncertainty about the future. Science. 2011;333(6048):1393-1400.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Müller-Navarra DC, Brett MT, Park S, et al. Unsaturated fatty acid content in seston and tropho-dynamic coupling in lakes. Nature. 2004;427(6969):69-72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nikrityuk PA. Computational Thermo-Fluid Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
Cook DL. CryptoGraphics: Exploiting Graphics Cards for Security. Vol 20. (Keromytis AD, ed.). Springer US; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Hays E. A Search for TeV Emission from X-Ray Selected AGN with Milagro. In: Cheng KS, Romero GE, eds. Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-Ray Sources: A Second Workshop on the Nature of the High-Energy Unidentified Sources. Springer Netherlands; 2005:43-52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Voice.

Blog post
Luntz S. New Theory That Many Collisions, Not One, Formed The Moon. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Toward the Moon, Asteroids, and Mars. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown JD. Disparity in healthcare among Black Americans in the United States, a review of the literature. Published online 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Farrell JA. Tricky Dick’s Vietnam Treachery. New York Times. December 31, 2016:SR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Voice
AbbreviationJ. Voice
ISSN (print)0892-1997
Speech and Hearing

Other styles