How to format your references using the Journal of Voice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Voice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Werner MJ. Perspective: protect the USA from UVA. Nature. 2014;515(7527):S126.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shiroguchi K, Kinosita K Jr. Myosin V walks by lever action and Brownian motion. Science. 2007;316(5828):1208-1212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Goscé L, Barton DAW, Johansson A. Analytical modelling of the spread of disease in confined and crowded spaces. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4856.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sagar DM, Aoudjane S, Gaudet M, Aeppli G, Dalby PA. Optically induced thermal gradients for protein characterization in nanolitre-scale samples in microfluidic devices. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2130.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsui JBY. Fundamentals of Global Positioning System Receivers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Nierengarten JF, ed. Fullerenes and Other Carbon-Rich Nanostructures. Vol 159. Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Myrbostad E, Venås K. Alloying by Injection of Mg in an Al-Melt. In: Grandfield JF, Eskin DG, eds. Essential Readings in Light Metals: Volume 3 Cast Shop for Aluminum Production. Springer International Publishing; 2016:28-32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Voice.

Blog post
Andrew E. Dolphins Use Sponges To Access Novel Food Sources. IFLScience. Published April 25, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Equal Employment Opportunity: Actions Needed for FAA to Implement Committee Recommendations in the Airline Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilbur LJ. Perceptions of Missouri Public School Early Childhood Teachers and Administrators in Regard to Technology and Current Practices. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. A 26-Year Dispute Over a Tower, With No End in Sight. New York Times. July 15, 2001:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Voice
AbbreviationJ. Voice
ISSN (print)0892-1997
Speech and Hearing

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