How to format your references using the Journal of Voice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Voice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker M. Whole-animal imaging: Probe progress. Nature. 2010;463(7283):979.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vajda V, McLoughlin S. Fungal proliferation at the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary. Science. 2004;303(5663):1489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson DM, Overpeck JT, Gupta AK. Increase in the Asian southwest monsoon during the past four centuries. Science. 2002;297(5581):596-599.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zou X, Conradsson T, Klingstedt M, Dadachov MS, O’Keeffe M. A mesoporous germanium oxide with crystalline pore walls and its chiral derivative. Nature. 2005;437(7059):716-719.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zarowski CJ. An Introduction to Numerical Analysis for Electrical and Computer Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Tsaparlis G, Sevian H, eds. Concepts of Matter in Science Education. Vol 19. Springer Netherlands; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Maarse N, Janssen M. The Need to Adjust Lean to the Public Sector. In: Scholl HJ, Janssen M, Wimmer MA, Moe CE, Flak LS, eds. Electronic Government: 11th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2012, Kristiansand, Norway, September 3-6, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:54-65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Voice.

Blog post
Luntz S. Ultra-Stable Perovskite Cells Signal Dawn Of A Solar Age. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Effective Information Technology Management Essential for Data Center Initiative. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baxter VP. Communitarian Leadership Practice Acquisition in Educational Leadership Preparation. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Saudi Arabia to Rescind Ban on Female Drivers. New York Times. September 26, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Voice
AbbreviationJ. Voice
ISSN (print)0892-1997
Speech and Hearing

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