How to format your references using the Accounting Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accounting Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gladstone, J. C. (2014). Ultraluminous X-ray sources: Small field with a large impact. Nature, 514(7521), 171–172.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedman, A., & Perrimon, N. (2006). A functional RNAi screen for regulators of receptor tyrosine kinase and ERK signalling. Nature, 444(7116), 230–234.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wojtak, R., Hansen, S. H., & Hjorth, J. (2011). Gravitational redshift of galaxies in clusters as predicted by general relativity. Nature, 477(7366), 567–569.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shin, Y.-H., Grinberg, I., Chen, I.-W., & Rappe, A. M. (2007). Nucleation and growth mechanism of ferroelectric domain-wall motion. Nature, 449(7164), 881–884.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, W., Shmulevich, I., & Astola, J. (2005). Microarray Quality Control. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Eder, K., Lourenço, J., & Shehory, O. (Eds.). (2012). Hardware and Software: Verification and Testing: 7th International Haifa Verification Conference, HVC 2011, Haifa, Israel, December 6-8, 2011, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7261). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cha, Y.-K. (2007). The Spread of English Language Instruction in the Primary School. In A. Benavot, C. Braslavsky, & N. Truong (Eds.), School Knowledge in Comparative and Historical Perspective: Changing Curricula in Primary and Secondary Education (pp. 55–71). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accounting Forum.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016, July 14). 15 “Facts” About Sleep That Are Completely Wrong. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Managing Host Country Contracting Activities (ID-82-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kress, D. M. (2008). A phenomenological study exploring executive coaching: Understanding perceptions of self-awareness and leadership behavior changes [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. J. CHIVERS; Sophia Kishkovsky contributed reporting from Moscow for this article. (2004, June 24). Local Rebels Said to Join in Chechen Group’s Raids Across Border. New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gladstone, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Friedman & Perrimon, 2006; Gladstone, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Friedman & Perrimon, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Wojtak et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shin et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAccounting Forum
ISSN (print)0155-9982

Other styles