How to format your references using the Accounting Forum citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Accounting Forum. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nakano, H. (2014). Survey of the Japanese coast reveals abundant placozoan populations in the Northern Pacific Ocean. Scientific Reports, 4, 5356.
A journal article with 2 authors
Villier, L., & Korn, D. (2004). Morphological disparity of ammonoids and the mark of Permian mass extinctions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5694), 264–266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elbelrhiti, H., Claudin, P., & Andreotti, B. (2005). Field evidence for surface-wave-induced instability of sand dunes. Nature, 437(7059), 720–723.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Garner, M. H., Li, H., Chen, Y., Su, T. A., Shangguan, Z., Paley, D. W., Liu, T., Ng, F., Li, H., Xiao, S., Nuckolls, C., Venkataraman, L., & Solomon, G. C. (2018). Comprehensive suppression of single-molecule conductance using destructive σ-interference. Nature, 558(7710), 415–419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davison, M. (2011). Pharmaceutical Anti-Counterfeiting. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gao, L. (2015). Delay Tolerant Networks (S. Yu, T. H. Luan, & W. Zhou, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rudenstine, S., & Galea, S. (2012). The Continuum of Vulnerabilities and Capacities. In S. Galea (Ed.), The Causes and Behavioral Consequences of Disasters: Models informed by the global experience 1950-2005 (pp. 23–27). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Accounting Forum.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 21). Forensic Scientists Build Crude 3D Mugshots From DNA. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996). Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-96-18(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mac Garrigle, E. F. (2006). A validation of the enterprise management engineering approach to knowledge management systems engineering [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2017, January 31). At Food Co-op, a Rift Over Its Pension Fund. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nakano, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Nakano, 2014; Villier & Korn, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Villier & Korn, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Elbelrhiti et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Garner et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAccounting Forum
ISSN (print)0155-9982

Other styles