How to format your references using the American Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willcox, G. (2013). Anthropology. The roots of cultivation in southwestern Asia. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6141), 39–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tosatti, E., & Prestipino, S. (2000). MATERIALS SCIENCE: Weird Gold Nanowires. Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5479), 561–563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, F., Martienssen, R., & Cande, W. Z. (2011). Coordination of DNA replication and histone modification by the Rik1-Dos2 complex. Nature, 475(7355), 244–248.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Banavar, J. R., Damuth, J., Maritan, A., & Rinaldo, A. (2003). Physiology: Allometric cascades. Nature, 421(6924), 713–714; discussion 714.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lutzke, D. (2012). Surfen in die digitale Zukunft. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kim, T.-H., Mohammed, S., Ramos, C., Abawajy, J., Kang, B.-H., & Ślęzak, D. (Eds.). (2012). Computer Applications for Web, Human Computer Interaction, Signal and Image Processing, and Pattern Recognition: International Conferences, SIP, WSE, and ICHCI 2012, Held in Conjunction with GST 2012, Jeju Island, Korea, November 28-December 2, 2012. Proceedings (Vol. 342). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Marx, D. (2006). Chordal Deletion Is Fixed-Parameter Tractable. In F. V. Fomin (Ed.), Graph-Theoretic Concepts in Computer Science: 32nd International Workshop, WG 2006, Bergen, Norway, June 22-24, 2006 Revised Papers (pp. 37–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, September 20). 5 Worlds Elon Musk Could Colonize In The Solar System. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). H.R. 4326: Small Business Innovation Development Act of 1981 (No. 117344). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Packard, J. A. (2008). Analyzing the intersection of leadership practices, emotional intelligence, and coping responses in women -owned small businesses [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, September 15). Flash Photography Allowed (When It’s Your Tour Guide). New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willcox, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Tosatti & Prestipino, 2000; Willcox, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tosatti & Prestipino, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Banavar et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationAm. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0275-2565
ISSN (online)1098-2345
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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