How to format your references using the American Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rasmussen, B. (2000). Filamentous microfossils in a 3,235-million-year-old volcanogenic massive sulphide deposit. Nature, 405(6787), 676–679.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kieffer, S. W., & Jakosky, B. M. (2008). Planetary science. Enceladus--oasis or ice ball? Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1432–1433.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niethammer, P., Bastiaens, P., & Karsenti, E. (2004). Stathmin-tubulin interaction gradients in motile and mitotic cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5665), 1862–1866.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Becker, M. A., Vaxenburg, R., Nedelcu, G., Sercel, P. C., Shabaev, A., Mehl, M. J., Michopoulos, J. G., Lambrakos, S. G., Bernstein, N., Lyons, J. L., Stöferle, T., Mahrt, R. F., Kovalenko, M. V., Norris, D. J., Rainò, G., & Efros, A. L. (2018). Bright triplet excitons in caesium lead halide perovskites. Nature, 553(7687), 189–193.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooper, J., Zalewski, A., & Watanabe, E. (2013). Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morrison, F. L. (Ed.). (2016). Fiscal Rules - Limits on Governmental Deficits and Debt (Vol. 20). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Savo, V., & Arndt, U. M. (2014). From Learning to Teaching: Bridging Students’ Experience and Teachers’ Expectations. In C. L. Quave (Ed.), Innovative Strategies for Teaching in the Plant Sciences (pp. 47–58). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 24). Comet 67P Smells Like Cat Pee, Almonds, And Rotten Eggs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). President’s Eighth Special Message for Fiscal Year 1981 (OGC-81-9). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verderame, N. (2013). An educational curriculum for registered dietitians to educate obese patients on the nutrition approach for stress management [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, August 8). NBCUniversal Buys TV Rights to ‘Harry Potter.’ New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rasmussen, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kieffer & Jakosky, 2008; Rasmussen, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kieffer & Jakosky, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Niethammer et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Becker et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationAm. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0275-2565
ISSN (online)1098-2345
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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