How to format your references using the American Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. (2003). Report backs military axis on space. Nature, 421(6921), 301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rensberger, J. M., & Watabe, M. (2000). Fine structure of bone in dinosaurs, birds and mammals. Nature, 406(6796), 619–622.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thibodeaux, C. J., Melançon, C. E., & Liu, H.-W. (2007). Unusual sugar biosynthesis and natural product glycodiversification. Nature, 446(7139), 1008–1016.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Schafer, Z. T., Grassian, A. R., Song, L., Jiang, Z., Gerhart-Hines, Z., Irie, H. Y., … Brugge, J. S. (2009). Antioxidant and oncogene rescue of metabolic defects caused by loss of matrix attachment. Nature, 461(7260), 109–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klee, L. (2015). International Construction Contract Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Huang, D.-S., Bevilacqua, V., Figueroa, J. C., & Premaratne, P. (Eds.). (2013). Intelligent Computing Theories: 9th International Conference, ICIC 2013, Nanning, China, July 28-31, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 7995). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Devine, D. J., & Macken, S. (2016). Scientific Evidence and Juror Decision Making: Theory, Empirical Research, and Future Directions. In B. H. Bornstein & M. K. Miller (Eds.), Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 2 (pp. 95–139). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 8). How I Dissected A T. Rex (It Took Chainsaws, Feathers And Lots Of Latex). Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Very Light Jets: Several Factors Could Influence Their Effect on the National Airspace System (No. GAO-07-1001). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson, E. B. (2014). Bahamian Quaternary geology and the global carbon budget (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J. (2017, May 7). Buffett Calls Health Bill A Giveaway to Wealthy. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamburg, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hill, 2005; Murenzi, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rensberger & Watabe, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Thibodeaux, Melançon, & Liu, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rooney et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationAm. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0275-2565
ISSN (online)1098-2345
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles