How to format your references using the American Journal of Primatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Primatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deplus, C. (2001). Plate tectonics. Indian Ocean actively deforms. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5523), 1850–1851.
A journal article with 2 authors
Beagle, S. D., & Lockless, S. W. (2015). Microbiology: Electrical signalling goes bacterial. Nature, 527(7576), 44–45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Antonioni, A., Sanchez, A., & Tomassini, M. (2014). Global information and mobility support coordination among humans. Scientific Reports, 4, 6458.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Warén, A., Bengtson, S., Goffredi, S. K., & Van Dover, C. L. (2003). A hot-vent gastropod with iron sulfide dermal sclerites. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5647), 1007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pétrowski, A., & Ben-Hamida, S. (2017). Evolutionary Algorithms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Guo, W. (2012). The Application of the Chebyshev-Spectral Method in Transport Phenomena (G. Labrosse & R. Narayanan, Eds.; Vol. 68). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Ceniceros, J., Antoñanzas Torres, J., Urraca-Valle, R., Sodupe-Ortega, E., & Sanz-García, A. (2014). Soft Computing Metamodels for the Failure Prediction of T-stub Bolted Connections. In J. G. de la Puerta, I. G. Ferreira, P. G. Bringas, F. Klett, A. Abraham, A. C. P. L. F. de Carvalho, Á. Herrero, B. Baruque, H. Quintián, & E. Corchado (Eds.), International Joint Conference SOCO’14-CISIS’14-ICEUTE’14: Bilbao, Spain, June 25th-27th, 2014, Proceedings (pp. 41–51). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Primatology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, January 4). What Would The Ancient Astrologers Have Told Us About 2017? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). NASA’s Shuttle Booster Rocket Motor Procurement (No. 130591). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giles, D. M. (2012). A study of remotely sensed aerosol properties from ground-based sun and sky scanning radiometers [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, July 15). A Retail Internship. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Deplus, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Beagle & Lockless, 2015; Deplus, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Beagle & Lockless, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Antonioni et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Warén et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Primatology
AbbreviationAm. J. Primatol.
ISSN (print)0275-2565
ISSN (online)1098-2345
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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