How to format your references using the Journal of the European Ceramic Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the European Ceramic Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier, German Greens go cold on nuclear fusion, Nature. 405 (2000) 107.
A journal article with 2 authors
T. Pawson, P. Nash, Assembly of cell regulatory systems through protein interaction domains, Science. 300 (2003) 445–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Jing, C.A. Bishop, L.-A. Wu, Nonperturbative dynamical decoupling with random control, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6229.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G.I. Berglund, G.H. Carlsson, A.T. Smith, H. Szöke, A. Henriksen, J. Hajdu, The catalytic pathway of horseradish peroxidase at high resolution, Nature. 417 (2002) 463–468.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Nölte, ICP Emissionsspektrometrie für Praktiker, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG, 2005.
An edited book
M.D. Alam, Project-Management in Practice: A Guideline and Toolbox for Successful Projects, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
M.J. Ostwald, J. Vaughan, Measuring Architecture, in: J. Vaughan (Ed.), The Fractal Dimension of Architecture, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the European Ceramic Society.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, This Video Relives The Moment We Landed On A Moon In The Outer Solar System, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Blue Cross FEHBP Pharmacy Benefits, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Ellerbrock, Intergenerational Ontology & Leadership: Uniting the Multigenerational Workforce, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
W. Grimes, Eldar Ryazanov, 88, Dies; Famed Russian Director Was a Master of Satire, New York Times. (2015) B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the European Ceramic Society
AbbreviationJ. Eur. Ceram. Soc.
ISSN (print)0955-2219
ScopeCeramics and Composites
Materials Chemistry

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