How to format your references using the Frontiers in Tumor Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Tumor Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). It could be worse. Nature 425, 745.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedges, S. B., and Kumar, S. (2002). Genomics. Vertebrate genomes compared. Science 297, 1283–1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sparks, R. S. J., Biggs, J., and Neuberg, J. W. (2012). Geophysics. Monitoring volcanoes. Science 335, 1310–1311.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Li, B., Moshfegh, C., Lin, Z., Albuschies, J., and Vogel, V. (2013). Mesenchymal stem cells exploit extracellular matrix as mechanotransducer. Sci. Rep. 3, 2425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes, J. D. (2016). Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Berretti, S., Thampi, S. M., and Dasgupta, S. eds. (2016). Intelligent Systems Technologies and Applications: Volume 2. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ammari, H., and Kang, H. (2007). “Generalized Isotropic and Anisotropic Polarization Tensors,” in Polarization and Moment Tensors: With Applications to Inverse Problems and Effective Medium Theory Applied Mathematical Sciences., ed. H. Kang (New York, NY: Springer), 75–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Tumor Immunity.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). The Mystery Of Knut The Polar Bear’s Death May Have Been Solved. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). Office of Education’s Efforts To Recover Overpayments from Denver Indian Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarthy, A. C. (2012). Tangle towns tie-breaker: A multidimensional knapsack study.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, S. (2015). Gender Bias Case Against Sterling Jewelers Can Proceed. New York Times, B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hedges and Kumar, 2002; Smaglik, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedges and Kumar, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Tumor Immunity
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

Other styles