How to format your references using the Frontiers in Tumor Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Tumor Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Allshire, R. (2002). Molecular biology. RNAi and heterochromatin--a hushed-up affair. Science 297, 1818–1819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donnelly, J. P., and Woodruff, J. D. (2007). Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon. Nature 447, 465–468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kempner, J., Perlis, C. S., and Merz, J. F. (2005). Ethics. Forbidden knowledge. Science 307, 854.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sliter, D. A., Martinez, J., Hao, L., Chen, X., Sun, N., Fischer, T. D., et al. (2018). Parkin and PINK1 mitigate STING-induced inflammation. Nature 561, 258–262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhalla, S., Moharana, S., Talakokula, V., and Kaur, N. (2016). Piezoelectric Materials. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Anari, A. (2010). The Power of Profit: Business and Economic Analyses, Forecasting, and Stock Valuation. , ed. J. W. Kolari Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruni, R., De Nicola, R., Loreti, M., and Mezzina, L. G. (2009). “Provably Correct Implementations of Services,” in Trustworthy Global Computing: 4th International Symposium, TGC 2008, Barcelona, Spain, November 3-4, 2008, Revised Selected Papers Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. C. Kaklamanis and F. Nielson (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 69–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Tumor Immunity.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Food Puzzles Makes Cats Healthier, Calmer, And Less Aggressive. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Index Digest of the Published Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Volumes 66-70, September 1991. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Springborn, T. (2017). The Importance of Teacher/Student Relationships.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2001). A Seminary’s Proud Tower Brings Unease to Neighbors. New York Times, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Allshire, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Allshire, 2002; Donnelly and Woodruff, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donnelly and Woodruff, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Sliter et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Tumor Immunity
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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