How to format your references using the Frontiers in Tumor Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Tumor Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kavanaugh, M. P. (2004). Accessing a transporter structure. Nature 431, 752–753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Perutz, M. F., and Windle, A. H. (2001). Cause of neural death in neurodegenerative diseases attributable to expansion of glutamine repeats. Nature 412, 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
von Caemmerer, S., Quick, W. P., and Furbank, R. T. (2012). The development of C₄rice: current progress and future challenges. Science 336, 1671–1672.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sereno, P. C., Larsson, H. C., Sidor, C. A., and Gado, B. (2001). The giant crocodyliform Sarcosuchus from the Cretaceous of Africa. Science 294, 1516–1519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Montgomery, G. E., and Schuch, H. C. (2007). GIS Data Conversion Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Daly, P., Reid, K., Buckley, P., and Doyle, E. eds. (2016). Innovative Business Education Design for 21st Century Learning. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Ploemacher, R. E. (2006). “In Vivo Homing and Regeneration of Freshly Isolated and Cultured Murine Mesenchymal Stem Cells,” in Genetic Engineering of Mesenchymal Stem Cells, ed. J. A. Nolta (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 81–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Tumor Immunity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). SpaceX Launch Currently A Go. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974). Tools and Techniques for Improving the Efficiency of Federal Automatic Data Processing Operation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terry, E. J. (2008). In search of leadership: A look at women presidents in Georgia’s two-year colleges and technical colleges.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Davis, J. H. (2017). U.S. Ends Program Giving ‘Dreamers’ Legal Protection. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kavanaugh, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Perutz and Windle, 2001; Kavanaugh, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Perutz and Windle, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Sereno et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Tumor Immunity
AbbreviationFront. Immunol.
ISSN (online)1664-3224

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