How to format your references using the Crop Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pegrum, C.M. 2006. Applied physics. Can a fraction of a quantum be better than a whole one? Science 312(5779): 1483–1484.
A journal article with 2 authors
Audétat, A., and H. Keppler. 2004. Viscosity of fluids in subduction zones. Science 303(5657): 513–516.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bailor, M.H., X. Sun, and H.M. Al-Hashimi. 2010. Topology links RNA secondary structure with global conformation, dynamics, and adaptation. Science 327(5962): 202–206.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Matsumura, R., A. Okamoto, K. Node, and M. Akashi. 2014. Compensation for intracellular environment in expression levels of mammalian circadian clock genes. Sci. Rep. 4: 4032.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hadjsaïd, N., and J.-C. Sabonnadière. 2013. Power Systems and Restructuring. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ackermann, P.W., and D.A. Hart, editors. 2016. Metabolic Influences on Risk for Tendon Disorders. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kinder-Kurlanda, K., and D. Boos. 2015. Socio-ethical Issues of Ubicomp: Societal Trends, Transparency, and Information Control. In: Kinder-Kurlanda, K. and Ehrwein Nihan, C., editors, Ubiquitous Computing in the Workplace: What Ethical Issues? An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Springer International Publishing, Cham. p. 61–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2017. Another Dolphin Killed By Morons Dragging It From Sea To Take Photographs. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Information Technology: Responses to Subcommittee Post-Hearing Questions Regarding the FBI’s Management Practices and Acquisition of a New Investigative Case Management System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Warwick-Smith, K.M. 2017. Remembering Prudence: Tracking the Iconography of a Cardinal Virtue to Her Resurgence in Depth Psychology.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 2016. Anchor Illuminates Fox Inquiry of Ailes. New York Times: B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pegrum, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Audétat and Keppler, 2004; Pegrum, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Audétat and Keppler, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Matsumura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Science
AbbreviationCrop Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-183X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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