How to format your references using the Crop Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Crop Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stockman, M.I. 2015. Applied optics. Nanoplasmonic sensing and detection. Science 348(6232): 287–288.
A journal article with 2 authors
Read, S.M., and T. Bacic. 2002. Plant biology. Prime time for cellulose. Science 295(5552): 59–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mooney, H., A. Cropper, and W. Reid. 2005. Confronting the human dilemma. Nature 434(7033): 561–562.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Cella, M., A. Fuchs, W. Vermi, F. Facchetti, K. Otero, et al. 2009. A human natural killer cell subset provides an innate source of IL-22 for mucosal immunity. Nature 457(7230): 722–725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena, K., and A. Hamid. 2015. Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Xiang, Y., I. Stojmenovic, B.O. Apduhan, G. Wang, K. Nakano, et al., editors. 2012. Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 12th International Conference, ICA3PP 2012, Fukuoka, Japan, September 4-7, 2012, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinder, J. 2011. A Lady’s Guide to Salvation: The Miroir des dames Compilation. In: Green, K. and Mews, C., editors, Virtue Ethics for Women 1250-1500. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. p. 45–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Crop Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015. Domestic Pigs Continued To Mate With Wild Boars. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. FAA Budget: Agency Faces Key Management Challenges on Major Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seymour, C.R. 2017. Natives Versus Exotics and Grasses Versus Forbs: A Long-Term Study of Vegetation in La Jolla Valley.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. 2017. War Is Hell? No, One-Dimensional. New York Times: AR116.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stockman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Read and Bacic, 2002; Stockman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Read and Bacic, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cella et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCrop Science
AbbreviationCrop Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-183X
ScopeAgronomy and Crop Science

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