How to format your references using the Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 M. Eisenstein, Nature 488, S11 (2012).
A journal article with 2 authors
1 A. Casadevall and L.-A. Pirofski, Nature 516, 165 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
1 R. Ando, H. Mizuno, and A. Miyawaki, Science 306, 1370 (2004).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 H. Sakai, T. Honma, T. Aoyama, S. Sato, T. Kato, S. Tabata, and A. Oka, Science 294, 1519 (2001).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 A. Mazer, Electric Power Planning for Regulated and Deregulated Markets (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006).
An edited book
1 R. Matyáš, Primary Explosives (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
1 M. Burke and P. Kennedy, in Model-Centered Learning: Pathways to Mathematical Understanding Using GeoGebra, edited by L. Bu and R. Schoen (SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2011), pp. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data.

Blog post
1 E. Andrew, IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education: Assessing the Relationship between Education and the Workforce (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 B. Kim, Essays in the Dynamics Bayesian Models in Marketing, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 L. Saslow, New York Times 14LI2 (2007).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data
ISSN (print)0047-2689
ISSN (online)1529-7845
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Physics and Astronomy

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