How to format your references using the Alpine Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alpine Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Przeworski M (2005) Genetics. Motivating hotspots. Science 310:247–248
A journal article with 2 authors
Araújo MB, Rahbek C (2006) Ecology. How does climate change affect biodiversity? Science 313:1396–1397
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee KJ, Dietrich P, Jessell TM (2000) Genetic ablation reveals that the roof plate is essential for dorsal interneuron specification. Nature 403:734–740
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ni Z, Kim E-D, Ha M, et al (2009) Altered circadian rhythms regulate growth vigour in hybrids and allopolyploids. Nature 457:327–331

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nagashima Y (2013) Elementary Particle Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Qi J, Evered KT (eds) (2008) Environmental Problems of Central Asia and their Economic, Social and Security Impacts. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Jantscher M, Ghosal R, Grasso A, Cole PH (2008) A Security Primer. In: Cole PH, Ranasinghe DC (eds) Networked RFID Systems and Lightweight Cryptography: Raising Barriers to Product Counterfeiting. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 79–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alpine Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Look, Your Eyes Are Wired Backwards: Here’s Why. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/look-your-eyes-are-wired-backwards-here-s-why/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) D.C. Charter Schools: Strengthening Monitoring and Process When Schools Close Could Improve Accountability and Ease Student Transitions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greenfield Pace JA (2016) The influence of accountability and commitment on team performance of airline flight crews. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Ariana Grande To Perform Benefit. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Przeworski 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Przeworski 2005; Araújo and Rahbek 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Araújo and Rahbek 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Ni et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlpine Botany
AbbreviationAlp. Bot.
ISSN (print)1664-2201
ISSN (online)1664-221X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles