How to format your references using the Alpine Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alpine Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wolinetz CD (2012) Implementing the new U.S. dual-use policy. Science 336:1525–1527
A journal article with 2 authors
Maillard I, Pear WS (2007) Immunology. Keeping a tight leash on Notch. Science 316:840–842
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee MG, Park HS, Hwang HS (2010) Detection of a large-scale structure of intracluster globular clusters in the Virgo cluster. Science 328:334–336
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tian Y, Wan J, Pesika N, Zhou M (2013) Bridging nanocontacts to macroscale gecko adhesion by sliding soft lamellar skin supported setal array. Sci Rep 3:1382

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banks RE, Sharp JM, Doss SD, Vanderford DA (2016) Exotic Small Mammal Care and Husbandry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA
An edited book
Gamerschlag T, Gerland D, Osswald R, Petersen W (eds) (2014) Frames and Concept Types: Applications in Language and Philosophy. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Cross LE (2008) Relaxor Ferroelectrics. In: Lubitz K, Wersing W (eds) Piezoelectricity: Evolution and Future of a Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 131–155

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alpine Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Do Brain Interventions To Treat Disease Change The Essence Of Who We Are? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Overseas Allowances: Improvements Needed in Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solorzano E (2014) A mindfulness-based psycho-educational group for caregivers of older adults: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2002) Neighbors Defend Park From a Soccer Invasion. New York Times 148

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wolinetz 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Maillard and Pear 2007; Wolinetz 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maillard and Pear 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Tian et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlpine Botany
AbbreviationAlp. Bot.
ISSN (print)1664-2201
ISSN (online)1664-221X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles