How to format your references using the Alpine Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alpine Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buffett BA (2007) Geophysics. Taking Earth’s temperature. Science 315:1801–1802
A journal article with 2 authors
Dobberstein B, Sinning I (2004) Structural biology. Surprising news from the PCC. Science 303:320–322
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich PD, Liaw H-P, Lee AK (2014) Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations. Science 345:814–817
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Guo S, Yamaguchi Y, Schilbach S, et al (2000) A regulator of transcriptional elongation controls vertebrate neuronal development. Nature 408:366–369

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Antonucci D (2017) The Cyber Risk Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Berbari AE, Mancia G (eds) (2012) Special Issues in Hypertension. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Altmann C, Beck AD, Hindenlang F, et al (2013) An Efficient High Performance Parallelization of a Discontinuous Galerkin Spectral Element Method. In: Keller R, Kramer D, Weiss J-P (eds) Facing the Multicore-Challenge III: Aspects of New Paradigms and Technologies in Parallel Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 37–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alpine Botany.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) 9 High-Paying, Entry-Level Jobs Companies Are Hiring For Like Crazy Right Now. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Voice of America. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucas MA (2017) Bridging the Gap Between Schools and Families Through Teacher Home Visits. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) A New Owner Makes A Winning Impression. New York Times B20

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buffett 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Dobberstein and Sinning 2004; Buffett 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dobberstein and Sinning 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlpine Botany
AbbreviationAlp. Bot.
ISSN (print)1664-2201
ISSN (online)1664-221X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles