How to format your references using the Alpine Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alpine Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zaanen J (2014) High-temperature superconductivity: electron mirages in an iron salt. Nature 515:205–206
A journal article with 2 authors
Appavoo K, Haglund RF Jr (2014) Polarization selective phase-change nanomodulator. Sci Rep 4:6771
A journal article with 3 authors
Dobson DP, Meredith PG, Boon SA (2002) Simulation of subduction zone seismicity by dehydration of serpentine. Science 298:1407–1410
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Holbourn A, Kuhnt W, Schulz M, Erlenkeuser H (2005) Impacts of orbital forcing and atmospheric carbon dioxide on Miocene ice-sheet expansion. Nature 438:483–487

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lesca H, Lesca N (2014) Strategic Decisions and Weak Signals. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Dingsøyr T, Moe NB, Tonelli R, et al (eds) (2014) Agile Methods. Large-Scale Development, Refactoring, Testing, and Estimation: XP 2014 International Workshops, Rome, Italy, May 26-30, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Prakash M, Gowsika U, Sathiyapriya S (2015) An Identification of Abnormalities in Dental with Support Vector Machine Using Image Processing. In: Shetty NR, Prasad NH, Nalini N (eds) Emerging Research in Computing, Information, Communication and Applications: ERCICA 2015, Volume 1. Springer India, New Delhi, pp 29–40

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alpine Botany.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Amazing Photographs Of Alcoholic Drinks Under The Microscope. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/amazing-photographs-alcoholic-drinks-under-microscope/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Federal Assistance Provided to Institutions of Higher Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beasley CA (2010) Investigations of redox-labeled silica and gold nanoparticles in solution and as films on electrodes. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) A Different Way of Taking Off at J.F.K. New York Times D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zaanen 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Appavoo and Haglund 2014; Zaanen 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Appavoo and Haglund 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Holbourn et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlpine Botany
AbbreviationAlp. Bot.
ISSN (print)1664-2201
ISSN (online)1664-221X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles