How to format your references using the Alpine Botany citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Alpine Botany. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell K (2007) Breaking with tradition. Nature 446:226–228
A journal article with 2 authors
Frenking G, Holzmann N (2012) Chemistry. A boron-boron triple bond. Science 336:1394–1395
A journal article with 3 authors
Falkovich G, Fouxon A, Stepanov MG (2002) Acceleration of rain initiation by cloud turbulence. Nature 419:151–154
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Weinreich DM, Delaney NF, Depristo MA, Hartl DL (2006) Darwinian evolution can follow only very few mutational paths to fitter proteins. Science 312:111–114

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neff DJ, Moss RC (2011) The Future of Nonprofits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Laugier C, Chatila R (eds) (2007) Autonomous Navigation in Dynamic Environments. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Zimmer J, Hentges F, Andrès E, Chalifour A (2010) NK Cell Education and CIS Interaction Between Inhibitory NK Cell Receptors and Their Ligands. In: Zimmer J (ed) Natural Killer Cells: At the Forefront of Modern Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 93–108

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Alpine Botany.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) A New Quantum Teleportation Record Has Been Broken. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Medicare Automated Systems: Weaknesses in Managing Information Technology Hinder Fight Against Fraud and Abuse. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rajendran N (2010) Assessment of upper extremity strength, power, and flexibility characteristics of college-aged male and female students. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saulny S (2004) Club’s Owner And 2 Others Arrested in Raid. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Powell 2007; Frenking and Holzmann 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frenking and Holzmann 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Weinreich et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAlpine Botany
AbbreviationAlp. Bot.
ISSN (print)1664-2201
ISSN (online)1664-221X
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

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