How to format your references using the IEEE Technology and Society Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Technology and Society Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. M. Wassarman, “Reproductive biology: Sperm protein finds its mate,” Nature, vol. 508, no. 7497, pp. 466–467, Apr. 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
G. C. Hegerl and T. Russon, “Climate change. Using the past to predict the future?,” Science, vol. 334, no. 6061, pp. 1360–1361, Dec. 2011.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.-H. Lee, S. Bhunia, and M. Mehregany, “Electromechanical computing at 500 degrees C with silicon carbide,” Science, vol. 329, no. 5997, pp. 1316–1318, Sep. 2010.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D. Stoleru, Y. Peng, P. Nawathean, and M. Rosbash, “A resetting signal between Drosophila pacemakers synchronizes morning and evening activity,” Nature, vol. 438, no. 7065, pp. 238–242, Nov. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Dujmović, B. Androić, and I. Lukačević, Composite Structures According to Eurocode 4. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, 2014.
An edited book
D. Pasura and M. B. Erdal, Eds., Migration, Transnationalism and Catholicism: Global Perspectives. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Zhou and Y. Qin, “Income Inequality of China’s Total Resident and the Factors Which Impact It,” in Empirical Analysis on Income Inequality of Chinese Residents, Y. Qin, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 125–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Technology and Society Magazine.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, “How To Study Europa’s Interior Without Drilling,” IFLScience, May 11, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: Market Developments in the Global Satellite Services Industry and the Implementation of the ORBIT Act,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-05-550T, Apr. 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M. S. Taylor, “Too Close to the Knives: Children’s Rights, Parental Authority, and Best Interests in the Context of Elective Pediatric Surgeries,” Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon, “Violence in Milwaukee Was No Shock to Some,” New York Times, p. A14, Aug. 15, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Technology and Society Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Technol. Soc. Mag.
ISSN (print)0278-0097
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Social Sciences

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