How to format your references using the IEEE Technology and Society Magazine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Technology and Society Magazine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. C. Catling, “Comment on ‘A hydrogen-rich early Earth atmosphere,’” Science, vol. 311, no. 5757, pp. 38; author reply 38, Jan. 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Palmer and G. Milhollin, “Nuclear safety. Brazil’s nuclear puzzle,” Science, vol. 306, no. 5696, p. 617, Oct. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
Z. Zhu, D. J. Gauthier, and R. W. Boyd, “Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering,” Science, vol. 318, no. 5857, pp. 1748–1750, Dec. 2007.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G. H. Miller, M. L. Fogel, J. W. Magee, M. K. Gagan, S. J. Clarke, and B. J. Johnson, “Ecosystem collapse in Pleistocene Australia and a human role in megafaunal extinction,” Science, vol. 309, no. 5732, pp. 287–290, Jul. 2005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
K. Gadd, TRIZ für Ingenieure. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2016.
An edited book
M. S. Sodhi and C. S. Tang, Eds., A Long View of Research and Practice in Operations Research and Management Science: The Past and the Future, vol. 148. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
E. A. Bezerra and D. V. Lettnin, “Multiplexer and Demultiplexer,” in Synthesizable VHDL Design for FPGAs, D. V. Lettnin, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 57–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Technology and Society Magazine.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “What The Hell Is Going On In This Lake?,” IFLScience, May 08, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Mass Transit Grants: Noncompliance and Misspent Funds by Two Grantees in UMTA’s New York Region,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-92-38, Jan. 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. A. Shabalin, “Detection of low rank signals in noise and fast correlation mining with applications to large biological data,” Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. W. Walsh, “Cities in Debt Turn to States, Adding Strain,” New York Times, p. B1, Oct. 05, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Technology and Society Magazine
AbbreviationIEEE Technol. Soc. Mag.
ISSN (print)0278-0097
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Social Sciences

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