How to format your references using the Journal of the Economic Science Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Economic Science Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holmgren, A. (2008). Biochemistry. SNO removal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5879), 1019–1020.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, G. M., & Cohen, J. T. (2012). Policy: Rethink chemical risk assessments. Nature, 489(7414), 27–28.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alanyali, M., Moat, H. S., & Preis, T. (2013). Quantifying the relationship between financial news and the stock market. Scientific reports, 3, 3578.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Michaelis, J., Hettich, C., Mlynek, J., & Sandoghdar, V., V. (2000). Optical microscopy using a single-molecule light source. Nature, 405(6784), 325–328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker, U. (2005). Solar Technologies for Buildings. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Scior, K., & Werner, S. (Eds.). (2016). Intellectual Disability and Stigma: Stepping Out from the Margins. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Hahn, B. (2015). Nicotinic Receptors and Attention. In D. J. K. Balfour & M. R. Munafò (Eds.), The Neurobiology and Genetics of Nicotine and Tobacco (pp. 103–135). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Economic Science Association.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 8). Molecules Have Been Built Using a Laser Beam for the First Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Requirements for Recurring Reports to the Congress (No. PAD-80-49). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adetunji, O. O. (2008). The Nature of Electronic States in Conducting Polymer Nano-Networks (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, October 24). Redemption Is in Burress’s Sizable Reach. New York Times, p. D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holmgren 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gray and Cohen 2012; Holmgren 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gray and Cohen 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Michaelis et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Economic Science Association
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Sci. Assoc.
ISSN (print)2199-6776
ISSN (online)2199-6784

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