How to format your references using the Journal of the Economic Science Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Economic Science Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frommer, W. B. (2010). Biochemistry. CO2mmon sense. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5963), 275–276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arenkiel, B. R., & Ehlers, M. D. (2009). Molecular genetics and imaging technologies for circuit-based neuroanatomy. Nature, 461(7266), 900–907.
A journal article with 3 authors
Randow, F., MacMicking, J. D., & James, L. C. (2013). Cellular self-defense: how cell-autonomous immunity protects against pathogens. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6133), 701–706.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cheng, M., Xie, W., Zong, B., Sun, B., & Qiao, M. (2013). When magnetic catalyst meets magnetic reactor: etherification of FCC light gasoline as an example. Scientific reports, 3, 1973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Henriksen, R. N. (2010). Practical Relativity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Eppelbaum, L. (2014). Applied Geothermics. (I. Kutasov & A. Pilchin, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagnibeda, E., & Kustova, E. (2009). Multi-Temperature Models in Transport and Relaxation Theory. In E. Kustova (Ed.), Non-Equilibrium Reacting Gas Flows: Kinetic Theory of Transport and Relaxation Processes (pp. 55–95). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Economic Science Association.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 9). How The Science Of Human Behavior Is Beginning To Reshape The US Government. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Integration of Current Implementation Efforts with Long-term Planning for the Next Generation Air Transportation System (No. GAO-11-132R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cao, Q. (2013). East Asian backpacker tourists’ motivations for participating in backpacking (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M. M. (2015, October 29). U.A.W. Leaders Approve Proposed G.M. Contract. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frommer 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Arenkiel and Ehlers 2009; Frommer 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arenkiel and Ehlers 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Economic Science Association
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Sci. Assoc.
ISSN (print)2199-6776
ISSN (online)2199-6784

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