How to format your references using the Journal of the Economic Science Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Economic Science Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Georghiou, L. (2008). Europe’s research system must change. Nature, 452(7190), 935–936.
A journal article with 2 authors
Panian, J., & Wiltschko, D. (2004). Ramp initiation in a thrust wedge. Nature, 427(6975), 624–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nuth, J. A., 3rd, Hill, H. G., & Kletetschka, G. (2000). Determining the ages of comets from the fraction of crystalline dust. Nature, 406(6793), 275–276.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Weigel, L. M., Clewell, D. B., Gill, S. R., Clark, N. C., McDougal, L. K., Flannagan, S. E., et al. (2003). Genetic analysis of a high-level vancomycin-resistant isolate of Staphylococcus aureus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5650), 1569–1571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hoffmann, K. (2005). System Integration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Das, S. K., Nita-Rotaru, C., & Kantarcioglu, M. (Eds.). (2013). Decision and Game Theory for Security: 4th International Conference, GameSec 2013, Fort Worth, TX, USA, November 11-12, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 8252). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Carating, R. B., Galanta, R. G., & Bacatio, C. D. (2014). The Soils of the Hills and Mountains. In R. G. Galanta & C. D. Bacatio (Eds.), The Soils of the Philippines (pp. 149–186). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Economic Science Association.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 25). Elon Musk Is About To Test The “Trickiest” Part Of His Mars Spaceship — A Giant, Potentially Explosive Black Orb. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). National Airspace System: Regional Airport Planning Could Help Address Congestion If Plans Were Integrated with FAA and Airport Decision Making (No. GAO-10-120). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saxena, M. (2010). Learner analysis framework for globalized e-learning (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tisserand, M. (2017, May 8). A Racism Harder Than Stone. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hirschmann 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Anson 2009; Birnbaum 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Panian and Wiltschko 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Mohamed et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Economic Science Association
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Sci. Assoc.
ISSN (print)2199-6776
ISSN (online)2199-6784

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