How to format your references using the Globalisation, Societies and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Globalisation, Societies and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGrew, W. C. 2000. “Dental Care in Chimps.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 288 (5472): 1747b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cermeño, Pedro, and Paul G. Falkowski. 2009. “Controls on Diatom Biogeography in the Ocean.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5947): 1539–1541.
A journal article with 3 authors
Redford, Kent H., Deborah B. Jensen, and James J. Breheny. 2012. “Ecology. Integrating the Captive and the Wild.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6111): 1157–1158.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blaser, Erik, Luke Eglington, Alice S. Carter, and Zsuzsa Kaldy. 2014. “Pupillometry Reveals a Mechanism for the Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Advantage in Visual Tasks.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schober, Hans. 2015. Transparent Shells. Berlin, Germany: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn, Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Coronado, Daniel, Manuel Acosta, María del Mar Cerbán, and María del Pilar López, eds. 2006. Economic Impact of the Container Traffic at the Port of Algeciras Bay. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Khanna, Namita, Patrícia Raleiras, and Peter Lindblad. 2016. “Fundamentals and Recent Advances in Hydrogen Production and Nitrogen Fixation in Cyanobacteria.” In The Physiology of Microalgae, edited by Michael A. Borowitzka, John Beardall, and John A. Raven, 101–127. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Globalisation, Societies and Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “NASA Plans To Send People To Mars By 2035.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Airline Competition: Higher Fares and Less Competition Continue at Concentrated Airports. RCED-93-171. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dill, Kristina Dionne. 2012. “Nonparametric Alternative to Poly-k Test in Animal Tumorigenicity Studies.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, John. 2016. “Granular Perspective on a Suitable Shore.” New York Times, August 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGrew 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McGrew 2000; Cermeño and Falkowski 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cermeño and Falkowski 2009)
  • Three authors: (Redford, Jensen, and Breheny 2012)
  • 4 or more authors: (Blaser et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobalisation, Societies and Education
AbbreviationGlob. Soc. Educ.
ISSN (print)1476-7724
ISSN (online)1476-7732

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