How to format your references using the Globalisation, Societies and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Globalisation, Societies and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMullen, Ken. 2005. “Experimental Physics, Experimental Art.” Nature 434 (7031): 310–311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Novas, Fernando E., and Diego Pol. 2005. “New Evidence on Deinonychosaurian Dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia.” Nature 433 (7028): 858–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roughgarden, Joan, Meeko Oishi, and Erol Akçay. 2006. “Reproductive Social Behavior: Cooperative Games to Replace Sexual Selection.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5763): 965–969.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Hongbin, Jiandong Yao, Jianmei Shao, Hai Li, Shuwei Li, Dinghua Bao, Chengxin Wang, and Guowei Yang. 2014. “Anomalous Photoelectric Effect of a Polycrystalline Topological Insulator Film.” Scientific Reports 4 (July): 5876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ancheyta, Jorge. 2016. Deactivation of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Madhavan, Guruprasad, Barbara Oakley, and Luis Kun, eds. 2008. Career Development in Bioengineering and Biotechnology: Roads Well Laid and Paths Less Traveled. Series in Biomedical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ostfeld, Avi. 2015. “Water Distribution Networks.” In Intelligent Monitoring, Control, and Security of Critical Infrastructure Systems, edited by Elias Kyriakides and Marios Polycarpou, 101–124. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Globalisation, Societies and Education.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2014. “These Skyscrapers Will Clean Pollution From The Surrounding Water And Air.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. Transportation and Telecommunications Issue Area: Active Assignments. AA-96-18(4). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, Kathryn. 2014. “Learning to Live in the Layers: Traveling Soul’s Way through Poetry.” Doctoral dissertation, Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
La GORCE, Tammy. 2017. “He Arrived as Reba McEntire. That Seemed to Work.” New York Times, May 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McMullen 2005).
This sentence cites two references (McMullen 2005; Novas and Pol 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Novas and Pol 2005)
  • Three authors: (Roughgarden, Oishi, and Akçay 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobalisation, Societies and Education
AbbreviationGlob. Soc. Educ.
ISSN (print)1476-7724
ISSN (online)1476-7732

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