How to format your references using the Globalisation, Societies and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Globalisation, Societies and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Evans, N. R. 2000. “ASTRONOMY: Don’t We Already Know Everything About Polaris?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 289 (5486): 1888–1889.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sipp, Douglas, and Leigh Turner. 2012. “Stem Cells. U.S. Regulation of Stem Cells as Medical Products.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 338 (6112): 1296–1297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stutzmann, Natalie, Richard H. Friend, and Henning Sirringhaus. 2003. “Self-Aligned, Vertical-Channel, Polymer Field-Effect Transistors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5614): 1881–1884.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Feely, Richard A., Christopher L. Sabine, Kitack Lee, Will Berelson, Joanie Kleypas, Victoria J. Fabry, and Frank J. Millero. 2004. “Impact of Anthropogenic CO2 on the CaCO3 System in the Oceans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5682): 362–366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kupka, Hans J. 2010. Transitions in Molecular Systems. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bourque, Guillaume, and Nadia El-Mabrouk, eds. 2006. Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2006 International Workshop, RCG 2006 Montreal, Canada, September 24-26, 2006 Proceedings. Vol. 4205. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Coelho, João, António Silva, and J. Piteira Gomes. 2014. “Parallelization of a Tridimensional Finite Element Program for Structural Behaviour Analysis.” In Euro-Par 2014: Parallel Processing Workshops: Euro-Par 2014 International Workshops, Porto, Portugal, August 25-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, edited by Luís Lopes, Julius Žilinskas, Alexandru Costan, Roberto G. Cascella, Gabor Kecskemeti, Emmanuel Jeannot, Mario Cannataro, et al., 36–47. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Globalisation, Societies and Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Our Ancestors Were Consuming Alcohol 10 Million Years Ago.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Query Concerning FY 1985 Authorization Levels for Department of Education Programs. B-214456. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Peters, Benjamin. 2010. “From Cybernetics to Cyber Networks: Norbert Wiener, the Soviet Internet, and the Cold War Dawn of Information Universalism.” Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2007. “List of Weak Schools Claims 2, Removes One.” New York Times, March 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Evans 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Evans 2000; Sipp and Turner 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sipp and Turner 2012)
  • Three authors: (Stutzmann, Friend, and Sirringhaus 2003)
  • 4 or more authors: (Feely et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobalisation, Societies and Education
AbbreviationGlob. Soc. Educ.
ISSN (print)1476-7724
ISSN (online)1476-7732

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