How to format your references using the Globalisation, Societies and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Globalisation, Societies and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kampinga, Harm H. 2014. “Cell Biology. A Cell Death Avenue Evolved from a Life-Saving Path.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6190): 1341–1342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yonezawa, Takahiro, and Masami Hasegawa. 2010. “Was the Universal Common Ancestry Proved?” Nature 468 (7326): E9; discussion E10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nykypanchuk, Dmytro, Helmut H. Strey, and David A. Hoagland. 2002. “Brownian Motion of DNA Confined within a Two-Dimensional Array.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5583): 987–990.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Xiao, Wenhao Weng, Wen Xu, Yulan Wang, Wenjun Yu, Xun Tang, Lifang Ma, Qiuhui Pan, Jiayi Wang, and Fenyong Sun. 2014. “Role of Bcl-2 -938 C>A Polymorphism in Susceptibility and Prognosis of Cancer: A Meta-Analysis.” Scientific Reports 4 (November): 7241.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zaragoza Dörwald, Florencio. 2004. Side Reactions in Organic Synthesis. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hamelryck, Thomas, Kanti Mardia, and Jesper Ferkinghoff-Borg, eds. 2012. Bayesian Methods in Structural Bioinformatics. Statistics for Biology and Health. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Backhaus, Jürgen G. 2006. “The Word of Honour.” In Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900): Economy and Society, edited by Jürgen G. Backhaus and Wolfgang Drechsler, 87–109. The European Heritage in Economics and the Social Sciences. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Globalisation, Societies and Education.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2015. “Scientists Can Now Measure The ‘Mystical’ Effects Of Magic Mushrooms.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. B-2 Bomber: Initial Flight Tests. NSIAD-90-284. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cabrales, Miguel. 2010. “Gupta Rajpoot Scheme for Quark Flavor Mixing.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, Michael. 2017. “Carmen de Lavallade Skips Trump Reception.” New York Times, August 17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kampinga 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kampinga 2014; Yonezawa and Hasegawa 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yonezawa and Hasegawa 2010)
  • Three authors: (Nykypanchuk, Strey, and Hoagland 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobalisation, Societies and Education
AbbreviationGlob. Soc. Educ.
ISSN (print)1476-7724
ISSN (online)1476-7732

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