How to format your references using the Globalisation, Societies and Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Globalisation, Societies and Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes, Nick. 2010. “Publish Your Computer Code: It Is Good Enough.” Nature 467 (7317): 753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gowers, Timothy, and Michael Nielsen. 2009. “Massively Collaborative Mathematics.” Nature 461 (7266): 879–881.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Gorman, Céline M., Hubert T. Fuller, and Paul S. Dyer. 2009. “Discovery of a Sexual Cycle in the Opportunistic Fungal Pathogen Aspergillus Fumigatus.” Nature 457 (7228): 471–474.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Spotila, J. R., R. D. Reina, A. C. Steyermark, P. T. Plotkin, and F. V. Paladino. 2000. “Pacific Leatherback Turtles Face Extinction.” Nature 405 (6786): 529–530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McDonald, André G., and Hugh L. Magande. 2012. Introduction to Thermo-Fluids Systems Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Dunne, Lawrence J., and George Manos, eds. 2010. Adsorption and Phase Behaviour in Nanochannels and Nanotubes. 1st ed. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Diamantis, Vasileios I., Eleni Vaiopoulou, and Alexandros Aivasidis. 2007. “Fundamentals and Applications of Anaerobic Digestion For Sustainable Treatment of Food Industry Wastewater.” In Utilization of By-Products and Treatment of Waste in the Food Industry, edited by Vasso Oreopoulou and Winfried Russ, 73–97. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Globalisation, Societies and Education.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. “Scientifically Proven Features Men Find Attractive In Women.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. School Lunch Program: Evaluation of Alternatives to Commodity Donations. RCED-87-113. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parada, Patricia M. 2013. “Culture and Early Language Development: Implications for Assessment and Intervention.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly. 2009. “Deliciousness From Italy.” New York Times, December 20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnes 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Barnes 2010; Gowers and Nielsen 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gowers and Nielsen 2009)
  • Three authors: (O’Gorman, Fuller, and Dyer 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Spotila et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleGlobalisation, Societies and Education
AbbreviationGlob. Soc. Educ.
ISSN (print)1476-7724
ISSN (online)1476-7732

Other styles