How to format your references using the Earth-Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth-Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Roberts, L., 2012. HIV/AIDS in America. Introduction. Science 337, 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sacco, T., Sacchetti, B., 2010. Role of secondary sensory cortices in emotional memory storage and retrieval in rats. Science 329, 649–656.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wei, B., Dai, M., Yin, P., 2012. Complex shapes self-assembled from single-stranded DNA tiles. Nature 485, 623–626.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yermiyahu, U., Tal, A., Ben-Gal, A., Bar-Tal, A., Tarchitzky, J., Lahav, O., 2007. Environmental science. Rethinking desalinated water quality and agriculture. Science 318, 920–921.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wrobel, G.M., Neil, E., 2009. International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Grazier, K.R., 2015. Hollyweird Science: From Quantum Quirks to the Multiverse, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Science and Fiction. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagatsuma, K., Harada, T., Anze, S., Goto, Y., Cheng, J., 2016. A Supporting Tool for Spiral Model of Cryptographic Protocol Design with Reasoning-Based Formal Analysis, in: Park, J.J. (jong H., Chao, H.-C., Arabnia, H., Yen, N.Y. (Eds.), Advanced Multimedia and Ubiquitous Engineering: Future Information Technology Volume 2, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth-Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Ten Deadly Carcinogens (You’ve Probably Never Heard Of) [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Transportation Worker Identification Credential: Progress Made in Enrolling Workers and Activating Credentials but Evaluation Plan Needed to Help Inform the Implementation of Card Readers (No. GAO-10-43). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buchigari, S.R., 2010. A tool to automate the process of Unit testing of webapplications (Criterion V1.0) (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pratt, T., 2012. ‘If You Fix Cities, You Kind of Fix the World.’ New York Times MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Roberts, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Roberts, 2012; Sacco and Sacchetti, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sacco and Sacchetti, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Yermiyahu et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth-Science Reviews
AbbreviationEarth Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0012-8252
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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