How to format your references using the Earth-Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth-Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graves, J.A.M., 2005. Genomics. Recycling the Y chromosome. Science 307, 50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Graf, T., Enver, T., 2009. Forcing cells to change lineages. Nature 462, 587–594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keimer, B., Sackmann, E., Withers, P.J., 2002. Neutron scattering. The case for neutron sources. Science 298, 543.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Decaestecker, E., Gaba, S., Raeymaekers, J.A.M., Stoks, R., Van Kerckhoven, L., Ebert, D., De Meester, L., 2007. Host-parasite “Red Queen” dynamics archived in pond sediment. Nature 450, 870–873.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibe, O.C., 2011. Fundamentals of Stochastic Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Orey, M., Jones, S.A., Branch, R.M. (Eds.), 2014. Educational Media and Technology Yearbook: Volume 38, Educational Media and Technology Yearbook. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Wendler, E., Wesch, W., 2016. Primary Processes of Damage Formation in Semiconductors, in: Wesch, W., Wendler, E. (Eds.), Ion Beam Modification of Solids: Ion-Solid Interaction and Radiation Damage, Springer Series in Surface Sciences. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 189–241.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth-Science Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Can Light Orbit A Black Hole? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. NASA: Projects Need More Disciplined Oversight and Management to Address Key Challenges (No. GAO-09-436T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuls, M., 2012. Single item versus multiple items: An examination of validity and the impact of mood in measuring constructs (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Medina, J., Pérez-Peña, R., Schmidt, M.S., Goodstein, L., 2015. Arms Stockpile Is Found in Home of Two Suspects. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graves, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Graf and Enver, 2009; Graves, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Graf and Enver, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Decaestecker et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth-Science Reviews
AbbreviationEarth Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0012-8252
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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