How to format your references using the Earth-Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth-Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wegner, D.M., 2009. How to think, say, or do precisely the worst thing for any occasion. Science 325, 48–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fortey, R., Chatterton, B., 2003. A Devonian trilobite with an eyeshade. Science 301, 1689.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch, N.X., Ding, J.B., Sabatini, B.L., 2012. Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA. Nature 490, 262–266.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Pupo, G., Ibba, F., Ascough, D.M.H., Vicini, A.C., Ricci, P., Christensen, K.E., Pfeifer, L., Morphy, J.R., Brown, J.M., Paton, R.S., Gouverneur, V., 2018. Asymmetric nucleophilic fluorination under hydrogen bonding phase-transfer catalysis. Science 360, 638–642.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Costa, F., Gautier, C., Labouré, E., Revol, B., 2013. Electromagnetic Compatibility in Power Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Priami, C., Back, R.-J., Petre, I. (Eds.), 2009. Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XI, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Taylor, A.S., Vincent, J., 2005. An SMS History, in: Hamill, L., Lasen, A., Diaper, D. (Eds.), Mobile World: Past, Present and Future, Computer Supported Cooperative Work. Springer, London, pp. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth-Science Reviews.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. There’s A Gene That Reverses Cellular Aging, And Now We Know How [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Commuter Rail: Information and Guidance Could Help Facilitate Commuter and Freight Rail Access Negotiations (No. GAO-04-240). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Verdi, K.C., 2017. What Does It Mean to Be a Service-Learning Teacher? - An Autoethnography (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M., 2017. The Flea Makes a Big Move in TriBeCa. New York Times C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wegner, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fortey and Chatterton, 2003; Wegner, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fortey and Chatterton, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Pupo et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth-Science Reviews
AbbreviationEarth Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0012-8252
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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