How to format your references using the Earth-Science Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Earth-Science Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shubin, N., 2012. Farish A. Jenkins Jr (1940-2012). Nature 492, 42.
A journal article with 2 authors
le Noble, F., le Noble, J., 2014. Bone biology: Vessels of rejuvenation. Nature 507, 313–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gruber, N., Keeling, C.D., Bates, N.R., 2002. Interannual variability in the North Atlantic Ocean carbon sink. Science 298, 2374–2378.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bouarab, K., Melton, R., Peart, J., Baulcombe, D., Osbourn, A., 2002. A saponin-detoxifying enzyme mediates suppression of plant defences. Nature 418, 889–892.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, D., 2008. The JCT Intermediate Building Contracts 2005. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Ananthasuresh, G.K., Corves, B., Petuya, V. (Eds.), 2012. Micromechanics and Microactuators: Proceedings of MAMM 2010, Aachen, Germany, May 27-29, 2010, Mechanisms and Machine Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Haroske, D.D., 2012. Dichotomy in Muckenhoupt Weighted Function Space: A Fractal Example, in: Brown, B.M., Lang, J., Wood, I.G. (Eds.), Spectral Theory, Function Spaces and Inequalities: New Techniques and Recent Trends. Springer, Basel, pp. 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Earth-Science Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Spacetime Foam Discovery Proves Einstein Right [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan] (No. B-254086). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crockett, W., 2017. Student Transitions Into the Full-Time Virtual High School Setting (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, J., 2017. Airbag Crisis Sends Takata To Its Demise. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shubin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (le Noble and le Noble, 2014; Shubin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (le Noble and le Noble, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bouarab et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEarth-Science Reviews
AbbreviationEarth Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)0012-8252
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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