How to format your references using the Entertainment Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Entertainment Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Bradley, Neuroscience. Moving through the landscape, Science. 295 (2002) 2385–2386.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.D. Mathieu, A.M. Geller, A binary star fraction of 76 per cent and unusual orbit parameters for the blue stragglers of NGC 188, Nature. 462 (2009) 1032–1035.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. McDermott, D.P. Mattey, C. Hawkesworth, Centennial-scale Holocene climate variability revealed by a high-resolution speleothem delta 18O record from SW Ireland, Science. 294 (2001) 1328–1331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.K. Chakrabarty, N.D. Beres, H. Moosmüller, S. China, C. Mazzoleni, M.K. Dubey, L. Liu, M.I. Mishchenko, Soot superaggregates from flaming wildfires and their direct radiative forcing, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5508.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.L. Stein, Kinetics of Enzyme Action, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
H. Hogeveen, T.J.G.M. Lam, eds., Udder Health and Communication, Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Rosner, J. Joachimsen, Appoġġ Ta’ Teknoloġija Lingwistika għall-Malti, in: G. Rehm, H. Uszkoreit (Eds.), The Maltese Language in the Digital Age, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 22–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Entertainment Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Brain-To-Brain Interfaces: The Science Of Telepathy, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Fully Implement Major Initiatives to Save Billions of Dollars, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D. Kulavuz-Onal, English Language Teachers’ Learning to Teach with Technology through Participation in an Online Community of Practice: A Netnography of Webheads in Action, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Lee, The Multimedia Frank Gehry Now in Cardboard and on Film, New York Times. (2005) F3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEntertainment Computing
AbbreviationEntertain. Comput.
ISSN (print)1875-9521
ScopeHuman-Computer Interaction

Other styles