How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, Monya. 2010. “Structural Biology: Crystal-Clear Images.” Nature 465 (7299): 824–825.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garrett, Sandra, and Joshua J. C. Rosenthal. 2012. “RNA Editing Underlies Temperature Adaptation in K+ Channels from Polar Octopuses.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335 (6070): 848–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ma, Haiqing, Huanhuan Sun, and Xiaoping Sun. 2014. “Survival Improvement by Decade of Patients Aged 0-14 Years with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A SEER Analysis.” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4227.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lan, Fei, Robert E. Collins, Rossella De Cegli, Roman Alpatov, John R. Horton, Xiaobing Shi, Or Gozani, Xiaodong Cheng, and Yang Shi. 2007. “Recognition of Unmethylated Histone H3 Lysine 4 Links BHC80 to LSD1-Mediated Gene Repression.” Nature 448 (7154): 718–722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Geier, Roman, Volkhard Angelmaier, Carl-Alexander Graubner, and Jaroslav Kohoutek. 2017. Integrale Brücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
González Hidalgo, Manuel, Arnau Mir Torres, and Javier Varona Gómez, eds. 2013. Deformation Models: Tracking, Animation and Applications. Vol. 7. Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Lemke, Kerstin, Ahmad-Reza Sadeghi, and Christian Stüble. 2006. “Anti-Theft Protection: Electronic Immobilizers.” In Embedded Security in Cars: Securing Current and Future Automotive IT Applications, edited by Kerstin Lemke, Christof Paar, and Marko Wolf, 51–67. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2017. “Could Cold Spot In The Sky Be A Bruise From A Collision With A Parallel Universe?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. Analysis of Replacing Existing DOA Computer System. LCD-77-101. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vas, Laura Terezia. 2008. “Orbis Pictus: Intermedialität Zwischen Berliner Stadtmalerei Und Literarischer Stadterfahrung Dargestellt Anhand Der Werke von E.T.A. Hoffmann Und Wilhelm Raabe.” Doctoral dissertation, Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2002. “World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Floods Wreak Havoc.” New York Times, June 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Baker 2010; Garrett and Rosenthal 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garrett and Rosenthal 2012)
  • Three authors: (Ma, Sun, and Sun 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Lan et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Inst. Eng.
ISSN (print)0253-3839
ISSN (online)2158-7299
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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