How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Brien, Jeremy L. 2007. “Optical Quantum Computing.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5856): 1567–1570.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lewis, Jennifer A., and Bok Y. Ahn. 2015. “Device Fabrication: Three-Dimensional Printed Electronics.” Nature 518 (7537): 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Tong, Tadashi Satoh, and Koichi Kato. 2014. “Structural Insight into Substrate Recognition by the Endoplasmic Reticulum Folding-Sensor Enzyme: Crystal Structure of Third Thioredoxin-like Domain of UDP-Glucose:Glycoprotein Glucosyltransferase.” Scientific Reports 4 (December): 7322.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Blasiak, Leah C., Frédéric H. Vaillancourt, Christopher T. Walsh, and Catherine L. Drennan. 2006. “Crystal Structure of the Non-Haem Iron Halogenase SyrB2 in Syringomycin Biosynthesis.” Nature 440 (7082): 368–371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ferrant, Jean-Loup, Mike Gilson, Sébastien Jobert, Michael Mayer, Laurent Montini, Michel Ouellette, Silvana Rodrigues, and Stefano Ruffini. 2013. Synchronous Ethernet and IEEE 1588 in Telecoms. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bartolini, Claudio, and Luciano Paschoal Gaspary, eds. 2009. Integrated Management of Systems, Services, Processes and People in IT: 20th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Distributed Systems: Operations and Management, DSOM 2009, Venice, Italy, October 27-28, 2009. Proceedings. Vol. 5841. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhao, Gansen, Kaijun Chen, Haoxiang Tan, Xinming Wang, Meiying You, Jing Xiao, and Feng Zhang. 2015. “A Multilevel Security Model for Search Engine Over Integrated Data.” In Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence XIX, edited by Ngoc Thanh Nguyen, Ryszard Kowalczyk, and Fatos Xhafa, 45–68. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Awesome Teenage Innovations That Deserve Showcasing.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Strategic Sourcing: Opportunities Exist to Better Manage Information Technology Services Spending. GAO-15-549. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gomez-Zuebisch, Leopoldo Chopo. 2010. “A Phenomenological Exploration of the Learning Values Derived from Instructional Short Videos among Adult Learners.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2012. “Personal Finance Advice, Taken to the Woodshed.” New York Times, December 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Brien 2007).
This sentence cites two references (O’Brien 2007; Lewis and Ahn 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lewis and Ahn 2015)
  • Three authors: (Zhu, Satoh, and Kato 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Blasiak et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Inst. Eng.
ISSN (print)0253-3839
ISSN (online)2158-7299
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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