How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kassen, Rees. 2011. “If You Want to Win the Game, You Must Join In.” Nature 480 (7376): 153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ahmed, Wylie W., and Taher A. Saif. 2014. “Active Transport of Vesicles in Neurons Is Modulated by Mechanical Tension.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rozin, Paul, Jonathan Haidt, and Katrina Fincher. 2009. “Psychology. From Oral to Moral.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 323 (5918): 1179–1180.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Benassi, Andrea, Miguel A. Marioni, Daniele Passerone, and Hans J. Hug. 2014. “Role of Interface Coupling Inhomogeneity in Domain Evolution in Exchange Bias.” Scientific Reports 4 (March): 4508.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grose, Michael. 2016. Construction Law in the United Arab Emirates and the Gulf. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ishaaya, Isaac, and A. Rami Horowitz, eds. 2009. Biorational Control of Arthropod Pests: Application and Resistance Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Simonis, Helmut. 2011. “Solving the Static Design Routing and Wavelength Assignment Problem.” In Recent Advances in Constraints: 14th Annual ERCIM International Workshop on Constraint Solving and Constraint Logic Programming, CSCLP 2009, Barcelona, Spain, June 15-17, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, edited by Javier Larrosa and Barry O’Sullivan, 59–75. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “Watch A Parachute Drop Go Wrong As Three Cars Slam Into The Ground.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1983. NASA-Ames Research Center Should Not Have Awarded Computational Services Contract to SBA and Technology Development of California. AFMD-83-40. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beeler, Matthew Charles. 2010. “Disordered Ultracold Two-Dimensional Bose Gases.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, Ben. 2017. “You’re Killing Me Susana.” New York Times, February 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kassen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kassen 2011; Ahmed and Saif 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ahmed and Saif 2014)
  • Three authors: (Rozin, Haidt, and Fincher 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Benassi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Inst. Eng.
ISSN (print)0253-3839
ISSN (online)2158-7299
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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