How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dietl, Gregory P. 2016. “Ecology: Different Worlds.” Nature 529 (7584): 29–30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hamm, Joachim M., and Ortwin Hess. 2013. “Physics. Two Two-Dimensional Materials Are Better than One.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 340 (6138): 1298–1299.
A journal article with 3 authors
Unal, Elçin, Jill M. Heidinger-Pauli, and Douglas Koshland. 2007. “DNA Double-Strand Breaks Trigger Genome-Wide Sister-Chromatid Cohesion through Eco1 (Ctf7).” Science (New York, N.Y.) 317 (5835): 245–248.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Li, Ming-Xia, Zhi-Qiang Jiang, Wen-Jie Xie, Salvatore Miccichè, Michele Tumminello, Wei-Xing Zhou, and Rosario N. Mantegna. 2014. “A Comparative Analysis of the Statistical Properties of Large Mobile Phone Calling Networks.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 5132.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonilla, Luis L., and Stephen W. Teitsworth. 2010. Nonlinear Wave Methods for Charge Transport. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Varga, Bogdan Ovidiu. 2016. Electric and Hybrid Buses for Urban Transport: Energy Efficiency Strategies. Edited by Calin Iclodean and Florin Mariasiu. Green Energy and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sioutas, Spyros, Kostas Tsichlas, Ioannis Karydis, Yannis Manolopoulos, and Yannis Theodoridis. 2011. “NEFOS: Rapid Cache-Aware Range Query Processing with Probabilistic Guarantees.” In Database and Expert Systems Applications: 22nd International Conference, DEXA 2011, Toulouse, France, August 29 - September 2, 2011. Proceedings, Part I, edited by Abdelkader Hameurlain, Stephen W. Liddle, Klaus-Dieter Schewe, and Xiaofang Zhou, 62–77. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “This Eco-Friendly Capsule Home Would Let You Live Off The Grid Anywhere In The World.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Federal Motor Carrier Safety: Modifying the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program Would Improve the Ability to Identify High Risk Carriers. GAO-14-114. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solomon, Richard B. 2017. “Analysis of Emergency Responder Preparedness to Active Shooter Incidents in Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, and Riverside Counties.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, Mary M., and Bill Vlasic. 2012. “Strong Domestic Sales Help Lift Chrysler’s Results.” New York Times, July 31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dietl 2016).
This sentence cites two references (Dietl 2016; Hamm and Hess 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hamm and Hess 2013)
  • Three authors: (Unal, Heidinger-Pauli, and Koshland 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Inst. Eng.
ISSN (print)0253-3839
ISSN (online)2158-7299
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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