How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nathan, Carl. 2008. “Microbiology. An Antibiotic Mimics Immunity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 322 (5906): 1337–1338.
A journal article with 2 authors
Whorton, Matthew R., and Roderick MacKinnon. 2013. “X-Ray Structure of the Mammalian GIRK2-Βγ G-Protein Complex.” Nature 498 (7453): 190–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, Bian, Ronald J. Baskin, and Stephen C. Kowalczykowski. 2013. “DNA Unwinding Heterogeneity by RecBCD Results from Static Molecules Able to Equilibrate.” Nature 500 (7463): 482–485.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Vicinanza, Carla, Iolanda Aquila, Eleonora Cianflone, Mariangela Scalise, Fabiola Marino, Teresa Mancuso, Francesca Fumagalli, et al. 2018. “Kitcre Knock-in Mice Fail to Fate-Map Cardiac Stem Cells.” Nature 555 (7697): E1–E5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ushakov, Igor. 2012. Probabilistic Reliability Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nickel, Norbert H., and Evgenii Terukov, eds. 2005. Zinc Oxide — A Material for Micro- and Optoelectronic Applications. Vol. 194. NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, Xinxin, and Xiaolin Li. 2013. “Privacy Preservation Using Logical Coordinates.” In Location Privacy Protection in Mobile Networks, edited by Xiaolin Li, 51–72. SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. “You’re Not Lazy, You Have A High IQ, Study Suggests.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. Direct Student Loans: The Department of Education’s Implementation of Direct Lending. T-HRD-93-26. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis, Donna S. 2010. “Global Educational Ecosystem: Case Study of a Partnership with K–12 Schools, Community Organizations, and Business.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2011. “Best Seat in House? It’s in the House.” New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nathan 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nathan 2008; Whorton and MacKinnon 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Whorton and MacKinnon 2013)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Baskin, and Kowalczykowski 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Vicinanza et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Institute of Engineers
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Inst. Eng.
ISSN (print)0253-3839
ISSN (online)2158-7299
ScopeGeneral Engineering

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