How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walldén L. Physics. Beyond the particle in the box. Science. 2006;314:769–770.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakar E, Piran T. Detectable radio flares following gravitational waves from mergers of binary neutron stars. Nature. 2011;478:82–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen P-C, Lin M-S, Lin C-F. Environmentally benign technology for efficient warm-white light emission. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5307.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Volkova VV, Lu Z, Lanzas C, et al. Modelling dynamics of plasmid-gene mediated antimicrobial resistance in enteric bacteria using stochastic differential equations. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2463.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Albright RD. Death of the Chesapeake. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Hull E. Requirements Engineering. Jackson K, Dick J, editors. London: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Jaafari N, Vogt KE, Saggau P, et al. Combining Membrane Potential Imaging with Other Optical Techniques. In: Canepari M, Zecevic D, Bernus O, editors. Membrane Potential Imaging in the Nervous System and Heart. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 103–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society.

Blog post
Andrews R. There’s A Rather Unusual Way To Fix Your Phone If You’ve Dunked It In Water [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials Are Widely Used in Commerce, but EPA Faces Challenges in Regulating Risk. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010. Report No.: GAO-10-549. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Owen AK. Preventive health behaviors: A look at the correlation between regular physical activity and routine cervical cancer screening [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. Eye Spy. New York Times. 2007 Aug 26;6228.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society
ISSN (print)2224-3682
ISSN (online)2168-1031

Other styles