How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuhn M. Cardiology: A big-hearted molecule. Nature. 2015;519:416–417.
A journal article with 2 authors
Namouni F, Porco C. The confinement of Neptune’s ring arcs by the moon Galatea. Nature. 2002;417:45–47.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niemeier D, Gombachika H, Richards-Kortum R. How to transform the practice of engineering to meet global health needs. Science. 2014;345:1287–1290.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clyde DE, Corado MSG, Wu X, et al. A self-organizing system of repressor gradients establishes segmental complexity in Drosophila. Nature. 2003;426:849–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Troffaes MCM, Cooman G de. Lower Previsions: Troffaes/Lower Previsions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Chekroun MD. Stochastic Parameterizing Manifolds and Non-Markovian Reduced Equations: Stochastic Manifolds for Nonlinear SPDEs II. Liu H, Wang S, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Pavlova M, Lomakina T. Sustainable Development as a World-view: Implications for Education. In: Lam C-M, Park J, editors. Sociological and Philosophical Perspectives on Education in the Asia-Pacific Region. Singapore: Springer; 2016. p. 37–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society.

Blog post
Carpineti C. Check Out What Comes Crawling Out Of This Elephant [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Coordination Efforts are Underway, but Challenges Continue. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013. Report No.: GAO-14-154T. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barkley WC. Mars rover - Laser focusing and optimization [Doctoral dissertation]. [La Jolla, CA]: University of California San Diego; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Baker AL, David Goodman J. Officer Faced a Man on the Run. New York Times. 2015 Oct 22;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society
ISSN (print)2224-3682
ISSN (online)2168-1031

Other styles