How to format your references using the Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thulborn T. Comment on “Ascent of dinosaurs linked to an iridium anomaly at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary.” Science. 2003;301:169; author reply 169.
A journal article with 2 authors
Renshaw CE, Schulson EM. Universal behaviour in compressive failure of brittle materials. Nature. 2001;412:897–900.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xia K, Vanner MR, Twamley J. An opto-magneto-mechanical quantum interface between distant superconducting qubits. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5571.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Guo Z, Liu Z-G, Yao X-Z, et al. A molecular-gap device for specific determination of mercury ions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ho RJY, Gibaldi M. Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2003.
An edited book
Lindhorst TK, Oscarson S, editors. Glycoscience and Microbial Adhesion. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferraro R. Geometric Structure of Space-Time. In: Ferraro R, editor. Einstein’s Space-Time: An Introduction to Special and General Relativity. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 97–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society.

Blog post
Luntz S. Mountains Drive Evolution [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Law Enforcement Education Program Is in Serious Financial Disarray. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980. Report No.: FGMSD-80-46. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Henning JN. Top ten effective community college board trustees self-perceived leadership attributes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. A Painter of Clouds, Revisited. New York Times. 2015 Nov 15;CT8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Chinese Advanced Materials Society
ISSN (print)2224-3682
ISSN (online)2168-1031

Other styles