How to format your references using the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kreeger K. Access delayed. Nature. 2003 Mar 6;422(6927):96–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Meselson M, Mark Welch D. Evolution. Stable heterozygosity? Science. 2007 Oct 12;318(5848):202–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Altshuler D, Daly MJ, Lander ES. Genetic mapping in human disease. Science. 2008 Nov 7;322(5903):881–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhang X, Beaulieu JM, Sotnikova TD, Gainetdinov RR, Caron MG. Tryptophan hydroxylase-2 controls brain serotonin synthesis. Science. 2004 Jul 9;305(5681):217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
El-Rewini H, Abd-El-Barr M. Advanced Computer Architecture and Parallel Processing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Geradts ZJMH, Franke KY, Veenman CJ, editors. Computational Forensics: Third International Workshop, IWCF 2009, The Hague, The Netherlands, August 13-14, 2009. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. X, 181 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5718).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kriglstein S, Brown R, Wallner G. Workflow Patterns as a Means to Model Task Succession in Games: A Preliminary Case Study. In: Pisan Y, Sgouros NM, Marsh T, editors. Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2014: 13th International Conference, ICEC 2014, Sydney, Australia, October 1-3, 2014 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 36–41. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Climate Change Set To Halve Global Coffee Production By 2050 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/climate-change-set-to-halve-global-coffee-production-by-2050/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Japan and Australia. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991 Oct. Report No.: NSIAD-92-5.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Villa J. Multicultural Training for Mental Health Professionals Working in the Juvenile Justice System [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Coaches Come and Go, Except JoePa. New York Times. 2010 Jan 13;B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
ISSN (print)0008-3194
ISSN (online)1715-6181
Scope

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