How to format your references using the Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
May M. Heart health. Nature. 2013 Jan 31;493(7434):S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shao S, Hegde RS. Cell Biology. Local synthesis and disposal. Science. 2014 Nov 7;346(6210):701–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Francis NJ, Kingston RE, Woodcock CL. Chromatin compaction by a polycomb group protein complex. Science. 2004 Nov 26;306(5701):1574–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Oelgeschläger M, Larraín J, Geissert D, De Robertis EM. The evolutionarily conserved BMP-binding protein Twisted gastrulation promotes BMP signalling. Nature. 2000 Jun 15;405(6788):757–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Szylar C. Risk Management under UCITS III/IV. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH, editors. Formalisms for Reuse and Systems Integration. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. X, 295 p. 118 illus., 5 illus. in color. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 346).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brueggemann T, Hurink JL, Vredeveld T, Woeginger GJ. Very Large-Scale Neighborhoods with Performance Guarantees for Minimizing Makespan on Parallel Machines. In: Kaklamanis C, Skutella M, editors. Approximation and Online Algorithms: 5th International Workshop, WAOA 2007, Eilat, Israel, October 11-12, 2007 Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 41–54. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Absolutely Massive Subglacial Lake Found Beneath Antarctica’s Ice [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/absolutely-massive-subglacial-lake-found-beneath-antarcticas-ice/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education Grants: Promise Neighborhoods Promotes Collaboration but Needs National Evaluation Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 May. Report No.: GAO-14-432.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pathak A. The Role of the Protein Phosphatase 1 Inhibitor-1 In Regulation of Murine Cardiac Physiology and Progression of Cardiomyopathy [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Stewart JB. In Ruling on Insider Trading, A Court Restores Rationality. New York Times. 2017 Sep 14;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
ISSN (print)0008-3194
ISSN (online)1715-6181
Scope

Other styles