How to format your references using the Medical Molecular Morphology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Medical Molecular Morphology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Landry CR (2011) Cell biology. A cellular roadmap for the plant kingdom. Science 333:532–533
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hugall AF, Stuart-Fox D (2012) Accelerated speciation in colour-polymorphic birds. Nature 485:631–634
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Usami Y, Wu Y, Göttlinger HG (2015) SERINC3 and SERINC5 restrict HIV-1 infectivity and are counteracted by Nef. Nature 526:218–223
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Howells EJ, Abrego D, Vaughan GO, Burt JA (2014) Coral spawning in the Gulf of Oman and relationship to latitudinal variation in spawning season in the northwest Indian Ocean. Sci Rep 4:7484

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bagrintseva KI (2015) Carbonate Reservoir Rocks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Syed KT (2012) Through White Noise: Autonarrative Exploration of Racism, Discrimination, and the Doorways to Academic Citizenship in Canada. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Carey JC (2010) The Importance of Case Reports in Advancing Scientific Knowledge of Rare Diseases. In: Posada de la Paz M, Groft SC (eds) Rare Diseases Epidemiology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Medical Molecular Morphology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) Bigfoot, The Kraken And Night Parrots: Searching For The Mythical Or Mysterious. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1993) VOR/DME and LORAN Expansion. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Meaux B (2015) Effect of Formation Deformation on Casing Standoff in Highly Deviated and Horizontal Wells. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B (2016) Review: ‘Dying to Know’ How to Turn on, Tune in, Drop Out. New York Times C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMedical Molecular Morphology
AbbreviationMed. Mol. Morphol.
ISSN (print)1860-1480
ISSN (online)1860-1499
ScopeMolecular Biology
General Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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