How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Downie JA. Plant science. Infectious heresy. Science. 2007;316:1296–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zavaleta ES, Hulvey KB. Realistic species losses disproportionately reduce grassland resistance to biological invaders. Science. 2004;306:1175–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hansen SB, Tao X, MacKinnon R. Structural basis of PIP2 activation of the classical inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.2. Nature. 2011;477:495–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Brinster S, Lamberet G, Staels B, Trieu-Cuot P, Gruss A, Poyart C. Type II fatty acid synthesis is not a suitable antibiotic target for Gram-positive pathogens. Nature. 2009;458:83–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Center for Chemical Process Safety. Guidelines for Performing Effective Pre-startup Safety Reviews. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Klewes J, Wreschniok R, editors. Reputation Capital: Building and Maintaining Trust in the 21st Century. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Trajman O, Crolotte A, Steinhoff D, Nambiar RO, Poess M. Database Are Not Toasters: A Framework for Comparing Data Warehouse Appliances. In: Nambiar R, Poess M, editors. Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking: First TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2009, Lyon, France, August 24-28, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 31–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Paris Climate Deal Nears Finishing Line As UK Announces It Will Ratify Agreement [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/paris-climate-deal-nears-finishing-line-as-uk-announces-it-will-ratify-agreement/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Grant Monitoring: Department of Education Could Improve Its Processes with Greater Focus on Assessing Risks, Acquiring Financial Skills, and Sharing Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Nov. Report No.: GAO-10-57.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kotch S. Unduly harsh and unworkably rigid: The death penalty in North Carolina, 1910–1961 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. After 2008, Picking On the Little Guy. New York Times. 2017 May 18;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
AbbreviationCan. J. Kidney Health Dis.
ISSN (online)2054-3581
Scope

Other styles