How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ferrari R. Oceanography: What goes down must come up. Nature. 2014;513:179–80.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Catalan G, Scott JF. Magnetoelectrics: is CdCr2S4 a multiferroic relaxor? Nature. 2007;448:E4-5; discussion E5-6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Goldman SA, Nedergaard M, Windrem MS. Glial progenitor cell-based treatment and modeling of neurological disease. Science. 2012;338:491–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Soo VWC, Cheng H-Y, Kwan BW, Wood TK. de novo synthesis of a bacterial toxin/antitoxin system. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4807.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Le Menn M. Instrumentation and Metrology in Oceanography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Ignatov DI, Khachay MY, Panchenko A, Konstantinova N, Yavorsky RE, editors. Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts: Third International Conference, AIST 2014, Yekaterinburg, Russia, April 10-12, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Atmanspacher H. A Semiotic Approach to Complex Systems. In: Köhler R, editor. Aspects of Automatic Text Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 79–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. 100 years of Dog Breeding – Before And After [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/100-years-of-dog-breeding-before-and-after/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: Better Control Over States’ Medicaid Systems Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Aug. Report No.: IMTEC-89-19.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Morr R. Age Discrimination: Prejudice Suppression in the Selection Process [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly D. From Warhol to Rathole. New York Times. 1993 Oct 24;714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
AbbreviationCan. J. Kidney Health Dis.
ISSN (online)2054-3581
Scope

Other styles