How to format your references using the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Williams R. Slowing the decline. Nature 2010;466:S13-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Katan MB, de Roos NM. Public health. Toward evidence-based health claims for foods. Science 2003;299:206–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Fay JC, Wyckoff GJ, Wu C-I. Testing the neutral theory of molecular evolution with genomic data from Drosophila. Nature 2002;415:1024–1026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Keppler F, Hamilton JTG, Brass M, et al. Methane emissions from terrestrial plants under aerobic conditions. Nature 2006;439:187–191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Seeber P, Shander A. Basics of Blood Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Glaubrecht M ed. Evolution in Action: Case studies in Adaptive Radiation, Speciation and the Origin of Biodiversity. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Srivastava A, Klassen EP. Shapes of Planar Curves. In: Klassen EP, ed. Functional and Shape Data Analysis. Springer Series in Statistics. New York, NY: Springer; 2016:125–165.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Infections Of The Mind: Why Anti-Vaxxers Just ‘Know’ They’re Right. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Remedial Education: Modifying Chapter 1 Formula Would Target More Funds to Those Most in Need. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Naro A. The effects of the structural components of 4-H residential summer programs on the achievement of the essential elements of positive youth development and the acquisition of targeted life skills. 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Grynbaum MM, Kelly K. Ousted Federal Prosecutor, a Trump Critic, Will Join CNN as an Analyst. New York Times. September 21, 2017:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0003-1488
ISSN (online)1943-569X
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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