How to format your references using the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Schiermeier Q. Swedish strategies. Nature 2007;449:254–255.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. St Laurent LC, Thurnherr AM. Intense mixing of lower thermocline water on the crest of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature 2007;448:680–683.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Luo J, Shen L, Zheng D. Diagnostic value of circulating free DNA for the detection of EGFR mutation status in NSCLC: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci Rep 2014;4:6269.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Akiyama T, Maeda S, Yamane S, et al. Dependence of self-tolerance on TRAF6-directed development of thymic stroma. Science 2005;308:248–251.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Berk J. Cost Reduction and Optimization for Manufacturing and Industrial Companies. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Consani C, Marcolli M eds. Noncommutative Geometry and Number Theory: Where Arithmetic meets Geometry and Physics. Wiesbaden: Vieweg; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gimeno Gasca C, Celma Pueyo S, Aldea Chagoyen C. Adaptation Loop. In: Celma Pueyo S, Aldea Chagoyen C, eds. CMOS Continuous-Time Adaptive Equalizers for High-Speed Serial Links. Analog Circuits and Signal Processing. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015;81–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. A Rope Test Could Save Us From Monkey Diseases. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Security at Nation’s Highest Risk Airports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mazon WE. The effect of the Breath BuilderTM on various lung functions and musical performance abilities of clarinet players. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. Against All Odds, Mets Overcome a Season of Adversity and Clinch a Playoff Berth. New York Times. October 2, 2016:SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0003-1488
ISSN (online)1943-569X
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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