How to format your references using the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Carroll SB. Chance and necessity: the evolution of morphological complexity and diversity. Nature 2001;409:1102–1109.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Moussion C, Girard J-P. Dendritic cells control lymphocyte entry to lymph nodes through high endothelial venules. Nature 2011;479:542–546.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Lintunen A, Hölttä T, Kulmala M. Anatomical regulation of ice nucleation and cavitation helps trees to survive freezing and drought stress. Sci Rep 2013;3:2031.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Anandakrishnan S, Catania GA, Alley RB, et al. Discovery of till deposition at the grounding line of Whillans Ice Stream. Science 2007;315:1835–1838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bhaduri S, Mukesh D. Homogeneous Catalysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
1. Zhang Z, Zhang SS eds. Rechargeable Batteries: Materials, Technologies and New Trends. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Simon HU. Spectral Norm in Learning Theory: Some Selected Topics. In: Todorovski L, Lavrač N, Jantke KP, eds. Discovery Science: 9th International Conference, DS 2006, Barcelona, Spain, October 7-10, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006:16–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Fish Oil Or Snake Oil? Most Capsules Don’t Contain What They Promise. IFLScience 2015. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/fish-oil-or-snake-oil-most-capsules-don-t-contain-what-they-promise/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Weather: FAA Is Reevaluating Services at Key Centers; Both FAA and the National Weather Service Need to Better Ensure Product Quality. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nistal França FJ. Nondestructive Evaluation of Southern Pine Lumber. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Southall A, McKINLEY JC Jr. ‘I Only Wanted to Scare Them.’ New York Times. February 24, 2017:MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0003-1488
ISSN (online)1943-569X
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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