How to format your references using the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Selker EU. Molecular biology. A self-help guide for a trim genome. Science 2003;300:1517–1518.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sacco T, Sacchetti B. Role of secondary sensory cortices in emotional memory storage and retrieval in rats. Science 2010;329:649–656.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kotiaho JS, Simmons LW, Tomkins JL. Towards a resolution of the lek paradox. Nature 2001;410:684–686.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Brand A, Behrend O, Marquardt T, et al. Precise inhibition is essential for microsecond interaural time difference coding. Nature 2002;417:543–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ben Mahmoud MS, Larrieu N, Pirovano A. Risk Propagation Assessment for Network Security. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Drake G ed. Springer Handbook of Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. New York, NY: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Roco MC, Bainbridge WS. Governance. In: Roco MC, Bainbridge WS, eds. Nanotechnology: Societal Implications: Individual Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007:207–240.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Stem Cell Treatment Used To Cure Age-Related Blindness. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: An Assessment Guide (Supersedes 158206). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Armani MD. Nucleic acid extraction and detection across two-dimensional tissue samples. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gustines GG. Black Mask Plans YouTube Comics Channels and Animated Movies. New York Times. March 9, 2015:B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
AbbreviationJ. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc.
ISSN (print)0003-1488
ISSN (online)1943-569X
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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