How to format your references using the Addiction Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addiction Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Godfray HCJ Jr (2007) Linnaeus in the information age. Nature 446:259–260.
A journal article with 2 authors
Elbaz D & Cesarsky CJ (2003) A fossil record of galaxy encounters. Science 300:270–274.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu Q, Clark MS & Palmiter RD (2012) Deciphering a neuronal circuit that mediates appetite. Nature 483:594–597.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee B-S, Burr GW, Shelby RM, Raoux S, Rettner CT, Bogle SN, Darmawikarta K, Bishop SG & Abelson JR (2009) Observation of the role of subcritical nuclei in crystallization of a glassy solid. Science 326:980–984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Welker RW, Nagarajan R & Newberg CE (2005) Contamination and ESD Control in High-Technology Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Mrozynski G (2013) Electromagnetic Field Theory: A Collection of Problems. M. Stallein (ed). Vieweg+Teubner Verlag: Wiesbaden.
A chapter in an edited book
Schwarzwald H, Collins EM, Gillespie S & Spinks-Franklin AIA (2015) Future Health Implications. In: International Adoption and Clinical Practice. SpringerBriefs in Public Health, E.M. Collins, S. Gillespie & A.I.A. Spinks-Franklin (eds). Springer International Publishing: Cham. pp. 49–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addiction Biology.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) IFLScience. Available at: Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs Additional Knowledge as it Embarks on a New Approach for Transformational Satellite Communications System. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Corral DC (2010) A grant proposal: Parent and adolescent support group.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Supreme Court to Address State Tax Breaks for Bonds. New York Times:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Godfray 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Elbaz & Cesarsky 2003; Godfray 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Elbaz & Cesarsky 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddiction Biology
AbbreviationAddict. Biol.
ISSN (print)1355-6215
ISSN (online)1369-1600
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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