How to format your references using the Addiction Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addiction Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nurse P (2003) Systems biology: understanding cells. Nature 424:883.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burtsev M & Turchin P (2006) Evolution of cooperative strategies from first principles. Nature 440:1041–1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKinney JC, Tchekhovskoy A & Blandford RD (2013) Alignment of magnetized accretion disks and relativistic jets with spinning black holes. Science 339:49–52.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boettger T, Hübner CA, Maier H, Rust MB, Beck FX & Jentsch TJ (2002) Deafness and renal tubular acidosis in mice lacking the K-Cl co-transporter Kcc4. Nature 416:874–878.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barron EN (2013) Game Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
El-Toukhy T & Braude P eds. (2014) Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis in Clinical Practice. Springer: London.
A chapter in an edited book
Miller RR (2013) Ethanol-Induced Lipid Peroxidation and Apoptosis in Embryopathy. In: Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences. R.R. Watson, V.R. Preedy & S. Zibadi (eds). Humana Press: Totowa, NJ. pp. 35–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addiction Biology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015) IFLScience. Available at: Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Status of the Air Force’s Missile X Program. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song X (2015) A New Estimating Equation Based Approach for Secondary Trait Analyses in Genetic Case-control Studies.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2008) Justices Rule on Retroactivity of Decisions. New York Times:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nurse 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Nurse 2003; Burtsev & Turchin 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burtsev & Turchin 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Boettger et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddiction Biology
AbbreviationAddict. Biol.
ISSN (print)1355-6215
ISSN (online)1369-1600
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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