How to format your references using the Addiction Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addiction Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin RB (2004) Physics. The cup of the hand. Science 303:1475–1477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conrad CP & Lithgow-Bertelloni C (2002) How mantle slabs drive plate tectonics. Science 298:207–209.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suttmeier RP, Cao C & Simon DF (2006) Priorities and funding. ‘Knowledge innovation’ and the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Science 312:58–59.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang Y, Liu W, Banks CE, Liu F, Li M, Xia F & Yang X (2014) A fluorescence-quenching platform based on biomineralized hydroxyapatite from natural seashell and applied to cancer cell detection. Sci Rep 4:7556.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higman BW (2011) How Food Made History. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Anjum NA, Ahmad I, Pereira ME, Duarte AC, Umar S & Khan NA eds. (2012) The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Stafford S (2015) ‘Pester Them with Letters’: Using Darwin’s Correspondence in the Classroom. In: Darwin-Inspired Learning. C.J. Boulter, M.J. Reiss & D.L. Sanders (eds). SensePublishers: Rotterdam. pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addiction Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) IFLScience. Available at: Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) Air Quality Planning Processes at Selected Airports. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller NY (2017) Nutrition education series for female club soccer players 14 to 18 years of age.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barnard A (2016) Wary of Russian Guarantees, Residents Are Staying Put in Aleppo. New York Times:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad & Lithgow-Bertelloni 2002; Laughlin 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conrad & Lithgow-Bertelloni 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddiction Biology
AbbreviationAddict. Biol.
ISSN (print)1355-6215
ISSN (online)1369-1600
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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