How to format your references using the Addiction Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addiction Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hestrin S (2011) Neuroscience. The strength of electrical synapses. Science 334:315–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikehara T & Kataoka T (2013) Relation between the helical twist and S-shaped cross section of the lamellar crystals of polyethylene. Sci Rep 3:1444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heuer AH, Jia CL & Lagerlöf KPD (2010) The core structure of basal dislocations in deformed sapphire (alpha-Al₂O₃). Science 330:1227–1231.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang Q, Liu D, Majewski P, Schulte LC, Korn JM, Young RA, Lander ES & Hacohen N (2001) The plasticity of dendritic cell responses to pathogens and their components. Science 294:870–875.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooper J, Zalewski A & Watanabe E (2013) Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Rehm G & Uszkoreit H eds. (2012) The Danish Language in the Digital Age. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Paz EB, Ceccarelli M, Otero JE & Sanz JLM (2010) Medieval Machines and Mechanisms. In: A Brief Illustrated History of Machines and Mechanisms. History of Mechanism and Machine Science, M. Ceccarelli, J. Echávarri Otero & J.L. Muñoz Sanz (eds). Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht. pp. 65–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addiction Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) IFLScience. Available at: Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) Port Infrastructure: Financing of Navigation Projects at Small and Medium-Sized Ports. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Payan Venegas R (2012) Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) You Can Take the A Train, but People Prefer to Wear the F. New York Times:1410.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hestrin 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hestrin 2011; Ikehara & Kataoka 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ikehara & Kataoka 2013)
  • Three authors: (Heuer, Jia & Lagerlöf 2010)
  • 99 or more authors: (Huang, Liu, Majewski, Schulte, Korn, Young, Lander & Hacohen 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddiction Biology
AbbreviationAddict. Biol.
ISSN (print)1355-6215
ISSN (online)1369-1600
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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