How to format your references using the Addiction Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addiction Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edery I (2010) Circadian rhythms. Temperatures to communicate by. Science 330:329–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lotti M & Nicotera P (2002) Toxicology: a risky business. Nature 416:481.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bruskotter JT, Enzler SA & Treves A (2011) Science and law. Rescuing wolves from politics: wildlife as a public trust resource. Science 333:1828–1829.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ito K, Bernardi R, Morotti A, Matsuoka S, Saglio G, Ikeda Y, Rosenblatt J, Avigan DE, Teruya-Feldstein J & Pandolfi PP (2008) PML targeting eradicates quiescent leukaemia-initiating cells. Nature 453:1072–1078.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbaroux P, Attour A & Schenk E (2016) Knowledge Management and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Schwarz J ed. (2016) Atypical Elements in Drug Design, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Garibo-Peyró A-P (2012) Somalia: From the Errors of Colonialism to the Horrors of War. In: Globalization and Human Rights: Challenges and Answers from a European Perspective. J. Ballesteros, E. Fernández Ruiz-Gálvez & P. Talavera (eds). Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht. pp. 113–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addiction Biology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) IFLScience. Available at: Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Weather Forecasting: Unmet Needs and Unknown Costs Warrant Reassessment of Observing System Plans. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aguirre I (2009) Policy analysis of the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) National Titles Go to Wealing And Lindquist. New York Times:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edery 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Lotti & Nicotera 2002; Edery 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lotti & Nicotera 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Ito et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddiction Biology
AbbreviationAddict. Biol.
ISSN (print)1355-6215
ISSN (online)1369-1600
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health

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