How to format your references using the Development Genes and Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Development Genes and Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sihvola A (2014) Physics. Enabling optical analog computing with metamaterials. Science 343:144–145
A journal article with 2 authors
Sawamiphak S, Stainier DYR (2014) Developmental biology: It takes muscle to make blood cells. Nature 512:257–258
A journal article with 3 authors
Fuchs B, Sornette D, Thurner S (2014) Fractal multi-level organisation of human groups in a virtual world. Sci Rep 4:6526
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Turner DL, Wilson LB 3rd, Liu TZ, et al (2018) Autogenous and efficient acceleration of energetic ions upstream of Earth’s bow shock. Nature 561:206–210

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anjum B, Perros H (2015) Bandwidth Allocation for Video Under Quality of Service Constraints. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Zhou J (2013) Mercury Emission and its Control in Chinese Coal-Fired Power Plants. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Komatineni S, MacLean D (2012) Understanding Content Providers. In: MacLean D (ed) Pro Android 4. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 79–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Development Genes and Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Here’s What 1930s Fashion Designers Thought We’d Be Wearing In The Year 2000. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) School Dropouts: Education Could Play a Stronger Role in Identifying and Disseminating Promising Prevention Strategies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ganatra VA (2012) Impact of the media on body image and eating disorders. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson DJ, Eligon J (2016) Rams’ Departure Is Another Blow to St. Louis Area, and a Chance to Shift Priorities. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sihvola 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Sihvola 2014; Sawamiphak and Stainier 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sawamiphak and Stainier 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Turner et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopment Genes and Evolution
AbbreviationDev. Genes Evol.
ISSN (print)0949-944X
ISSN (online)1432-041X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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