How to format your references using the Development Genes and Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Development Genes and Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leisinger K (2015) Business needs to embrace sustainability targets. Nature 528:165
A journal article with 2 authors
Karpicke JD, Blunt JR (2011) Retrieval practice produces more learning than elaborative studying with concept mapping. Science 331:772–775
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng F, McGrath KP, Hoveyda AH (2014) Multifunctional organoboron compounds for scalable natural product synthesis. Nature 513:367–374
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu F, Farnung L, Kaasinen E, et al (2018) The interaction landscape between transcription factors and the nucleosome. Nature 562:76–81

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rubin AB (2014) Fundamentals of Biophysics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bourdin B (2008) The Variational Approach to Fracture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Hodgson TK, Braunstein GD (2007) Physiological Effects of Androgens in Women. In: Azziz R, Nestler JE, Dewailly D (eds) Androgen Excess Disorders in Women: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Other Disorders. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp 49–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Development Genes and Evolution.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Low-Levels Of Radiation Around Fukushima Affecting Insect Survival. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/low-levels-radiation-around-fukushima-affecting-insect-survival/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Information Technology: HUD’s Expenditure Plan Satisfied Statutory Conditions; Sustained Controls and Modernization Approach Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McPherson CA (2012) Characterization of the neurogenic microenvironment in the mouse hippocampus following chemical-induced neuronal injury. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR (2017) U.S. Fighter Downs Drone Over Syria. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leisinger 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Karpicke and Blunt 2011; Leisinger 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karpicke and Blunt 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopment Genes and Evolution
AbbreviationDev. Genes Evol.
ISSN (print)0949-944X
ISSN (online)1432-041X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology
Genetics

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