How to format your references using the Development Genes and Evolution citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Development Genes and Evolution. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Postle K (2002) Close before opening. Science 295:1658–1659
A journal article with 2 authors
Rivenbark AG, Strahl BD (2007) Molecular biology. Unlocking cell fate. Science 318:403–404
A journal article with 3 authors
Suthram S, Sittler T, Ideker T (2005) The Plasmodium protein network diverges from those of other eukaryotes. Nature 438:108–112
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Maria SF, Russell LM, Gilles MK, Myneni SCB (2004) Organic aerosol growth mechanisms and their climate-forcing implications. Science 306:1921–1924

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sue DW (2003) Overcoming Our Racism. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Floudas CA, Pardalos PM (eds) (2009) Encyclopedia of Optimization, Second Edition. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Prasath RA, Poyyamoli G, Boruah D, et al (2015) The Role of Higher Educational Institutions and Other Training Organizations to Promote Renewable Energy in India. In: Leal Filho W, Muthu N, Edwin G, Sima M (eds) Implementing Campus Greening Initiatives: Approaches, Methods and Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 37–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Development Genes and Evolution.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) New “Natural Disasters” Report Reveals Billions Of People Worldwide At Risk. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Internet Protocol Version 6: Federal Agencies Need to Plan for Transition and Manage Security Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
De Anda B (2012) Factors that contribute to the stigma of mental illness. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, de la MERCED MJ (2014) Detroit Plan Is Said to Split Creditors Into 2 Groups. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Postle 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Postle 2002; Rivenbark and Strahl 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rivenbark and Strahl 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Maria et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleDevelopment Genes and Evolution
AbbreviationDev. Genes Evol.
ISSN (print)0949-944X
ISSN (online)1432-041X
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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