How to format your references using the The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics (JMD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA MEETING: Geologists Pursue Solar System’s Oldest Relics. Science, 2000, 290:2239–42
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang Z-G, Zhang C-T. A proposal for a novel impact factor as an alternative to the JCR impact factor. Sci Rep, 2013, 3:3410
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins FS, Morgan M, Patrinos A. The Human Genome Project: lessons from large-scale biology. Science, 2003, 300:286–90
A journal article with 36 or more authors
Syntichaki P, Xu K, Driscoll M, Tavernarakis N. Specific aspartyl and calpain proteases are required for neurodegeneration in C. elegans. Nature, 2002, 419:939–44

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz R. Rethinking Pragmatism. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012
An edited book
Welch AJ, Gemert MJC van, editors. Optical-Thermal Response of Laser-Irradiated Tissue. Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2011
A chapter in an edited book
Gosavi A, Murray S. Simulation-based Methods for Studying Reliability and Preventive Maintenance of Public Infrastructure. Edited by Faulin J, Juan AA, Martorell S and Ramírez-Márquez J-E. Simulation Methods for Reliability and Availability of Complex Systems, London, Springer, 2010, pp. 107–21

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Oversized Atoms Could Help Shrink “Lab-On-A-Chip” Devices. IFLScience, 2015. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Budgetary Implications of IRS’ Tax System Modernization and Automated Examination System Efforts. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1989

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lucas MA. Bridging the Gap Between Schools and Families Through Teacher Home Visits. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. David Sarkisyan, 62, Moscow Preservationist. New York Times, 2010:A25

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Diagn.
ISSN (print)1525-1578
ISSN (online)1943-7811
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles