How to format your references using the The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics (JMD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yewdell JW. Immunology. Hide and seek in the peptidome. Science, 2003, 301:1334–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Klejnot J, Lin C. Plant sciences. A CONSTANS experience brought to light. Science, 2004, 303:965–6
A journal article with 3 authors
Oh K, Jeong KS, Moore JS. Folding-driven synthesis of oligomers. Nature, 2001, 414:889–93
A journal article with 36 or more authors
Chen JG, Crooks RM, Seefeldt LC, Bren KL, Bullock RM, Darensbourg MY, Holland PL, Hoffman B, Janik MJ, Jones AK, Kanatzidis MG, King P, Lancaster KM, Lymar SV, Pfromm P, Schneider WF, Schrock RR. Beyond fossil fuel-driven nitrogen transformations. Science, 2018, 360

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Boeker E, Van Grondelle R. Environmental Physics. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011
An edited book
Iyer KM, editor. Trauma Management in Orthopedics. London, Springer, 2013
A chapter in an edited book
Simón Mata A, Bataller Torras A, Cabrera Carrillo JA, Ezquerro Juanco F, Guerra Fernández AJ, Nadal Martínez F, Ortiz Fernández A. Balancing of Machinery. Edited by Bataller Torras A, Cabrera Carrillo JA, Ezquerro Juanco F, Guerra Fernández AJ, Nadal Martínez F and Ortiz Fernández A. Fundamentals of Machine Theory and Mechanisms, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 195–231

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Blog post
Andrew E. From Tiger To Free-Range Parents – What Research Says About Pros And Cons Of Popular Parenting Styles. IFLScience, 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FBI Needs an Enterprise Architecture to Guide Its Modernization Activities. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McElhoes JL. Spatial, Technological, and Functional Variability Among the Prehistoric Ceramics of the Southern California Coast. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg B. Sharapova Given Wild Card Into U.S. Open, Her First Major Since 2016. New York Times, 2017:B9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Diagn.
ISSN (print)1525-1578
ISSN (online)1943-7811
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles