How to format your references using the The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics (JMD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Assad JA. Neuroscience: Updating views of visual updating. Nature, 2014, 507:434–5
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Grady M, O’Hare G. Computer science. How smart is your city? Science, 2012, 335:1581–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Monje ML, Toda H, Palmer TD. Inflammatory blockade restores adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Science, 2003, 302:1760–5
A journal article with 36 or more authors
Lin P-Y, Hsieh C-W, Kung M-L, Hsieh S. Substrate-free self-assembled SiOx-core nanodots from alkylalkoxysilane as a multicolor photoluminescence source for intravital imaging. Sci Rep, 2013, 3:1703

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Silvia JE. Dynamic Economic Decision Making. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011
An edited book
Krege S, editor. Diagnosis and Management of Testicular Cancer: The European Point of View. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015
A chapter in an edited book
Lemaire V, Salperwyck C, Bondu A. A Survey on Supervised Classification on Data Streams. Edited by Zimányi E and Kutsche R-D. Business Intelligence: 4th European Summer School, eBISS 2014, Berlin, Germany, July 6-11, 2014, Tutorial Lectures, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 88–125

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Blog post
Fang J. Parasite Turns Plant Into Flowerless Zombies. IFLScience, 2014. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Traffic and Vehicle Safety: Reauthorization Offers Opportunities to Extend Recent Progress. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DiPasquale VL. A phenomenological study of industry professionals’ perceptions of ethics in the title insurance industry. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Top Sprinters Test Positive, Jolting Track World. New York Times, 2013:A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Diagn.
ISSN (print)1525-1578
ISSN (online)1943-7811
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles