How to format your references using the The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics (JMD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cardon LR. Genetics. Delivering new disease genes. Science, 2006, 314:1403–5
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang L, Anderson DJ. Identification of an aggression-promoting pheromone and its receptor neurons in Drosophila. Nature, 2010, 463:227–31
A journal article with 3 authors
Chalifoux WA, Reznik SK, Leighton JL. Direct and highly regioselective and enantioselective allylation of β-diketones. Nature, 2012, 487:86–9
A journal article with 36 or more authors
Roca AL, Bar-Gal GK, Eizirik E, Helgen KM, Maria R, Springer MS, O’Brien SJ, Murphy WJ. Mesozoic origin for West Indian insectivores. Nature, 2004, 429:649–51

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singh J. Functional Software Size Measurement Methodology with Effort Estimation and Performance Indication. Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017
An edited book
Scaioni M, editor. Modern Technologies for Landslide Monitoring and Prediction. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2015
A chapter in an edited book
Ashdown M, Tuddenham P, Robinson P. High-Resolution Interactive Displays. Edited by Müller-Tomfelde C. Tabletops - Horizontal Interactive Displays, London, Springer, 2010, pp. 71–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Blog post
Hale T. There Are Rumors That Russia Are Developing A Space-Cruising Nuclear Bomber. IFLScience, 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. University Research: Policies for the Reimbursement of Indirect Costs Need to Be Updated. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2010

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee SB. Localizing the effects of link flooding attacks in the Internet. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Saves Those Stripes, Grab Some Scarves. New York Times, 2010:E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Diagn.
ISSN (print)1525-1578
ISSN (online)1943-7811
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles