How to format your references using the The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics (JMD). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Binzel RP. Planetary science. A golden spike for planetary science. Science, 2012, 338:203–4
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinman RM, Banchereau J. Taking dendritic cells into medicine. Nature, 2007, 449:419–26
A journal article with 3 authors
Martens S, Kozlov MM, McMahon HT. How synaptotagmin promotes membrane fusion. Science, 2007, 316:1205–8
A journal article with 36 or more authors
Chen Y, Corriden R, Inoue Y, Yip L, Hashiguchi N, Zinkernagel A, Nizet V, Insel PA, Junger WG. ATP release guides neutrophil chemotaxis via P2Y2 and A3 receptors. Science, 2006, 314:1792–5

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heads G. Living Mindfully. Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017
An edited book
Baughman AK, Gao J, Pan J-Y, Petrushin VA, editors. Multimedia Data Mining and Analytics: Disruptive Innovation. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015
A chapter in an edited book
McLeish T. Academic Freedom, Religion and the Natural Sciences. Edited by Garcia K. Reexamining Academic Freedom in Religiously Affiliated Universities: Transcending Orthodoxies, Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 63–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Blog post
Andrew D. Argument Over Funding HIV PrEP Drug Reveals Prejudice About The Reality Of Some Gay Sex. IFLScience, 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Drug Abuse Control Program Activities in Vietnam. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1972

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim EH. A personal narrative of a Korean immigrant to the United States: A quest for finding a niche. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B. A Woman’s Fortune, and Her Ruin. New York Times, 2017:C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
AbbreviationJ. Mol. Diagn.
ISSN (print)1525-1578
ISSN (online)1943-7811
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles