How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundgren P. Earth science: Fertile fields for seismicity. Nature. 2014;509(7501):436-437.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawson TM, Dawson VL. Molecular pathways of neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s disease. Science. 2003;302(5646):819-822.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng N, Bu X, Feng P. Synthetic design of crystalline inorganic chalcogenides exhibiting fast-ion conductivity. Nature. 2003;426(6965):428-432.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mumma MJ, Villanueva GL, Novak RE, et al. Strong release of methane on Mars in northern summer 2003. Science. 2009;323(5917):1041-1045.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Q, Bai Y, Ruan W. Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Domingos Padula A, Silveira dos Santos M, Benedetti Santos OI, Borenstein D, eds. Liquid Biofuels: Emergence, Development and Prospects. Vol 27. London: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Shen G, Zhang Y. Power Consumption Constrained Task Scheduling Using Enhanced Genetic Algorithms. In: Khan SU, Kołodziej J, Li J, Zomaya AY, eds. Evolutionary Based Solutions for Green Computing. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:139-159.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists.

Blog post
Fang J. New Exomoon Detection Technique. IFLScience. Published May 13, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Legislation Amending the Federal Fire Prevention and Control Act of 1974. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walsh PL. Advancing Electroanalytical Methods for Monitoring Chemical Messenger Release. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Murphy MJO. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times. June 19, 2015:C27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Clin. Wound Spec.
ISSN (print)2213-5103

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