How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kahan DM. Social science. A risky science communication environment for vaccines. Science. 2013;342(6154):53-54.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chyba CF, Hand KP. Planetary science. Life without photosynthesis. Science. 2001;292(5524):2026-2027.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ice GE, Budai JD, Pang JWL. The race to x-ray microbeam and nanobeam science. Science. 2011;334(6060):1234-1239.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ziurys LM, Milam SN, Apponi AJ, Woolf NJ. Chemical complexity in the winds of the oxygen-rich supergiant star VY Canis Majoris. Nature. 2007;447(7148):1094-1097.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holloway M, Nwaoha C. Dictionary of Industrial Terms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Desmond W, Onnasch EO, Cruysberghs P, eds. Philosophy and Religion in German Idealism. Vol 3. Springer Netherlands; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Bansal N, Vredeveld T, van der Zwaan R. Approximating Vector Scheduling: Almost Matching Upper and Lower Bounds. In: Pardo A, Viola A, eds. LATIN 2014: Theoretical Informatics: 11th Latin American Symposium, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 31–April 4, 2014. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2014:47-59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists.

Blog post
Andrews R. Climate Change Is About To Accelerate Past The Point Of No Return. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: NASA Needs to Reassess Its EOSDIS Development Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramirez C. Generation-Y Leadership: A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of Virtual Socialization Relationships. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. How AT&T Picks Plays: Tracking “Bright Ideas.” New York Times. November 18, 2002:F13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Clin. Wound Spec.
ISSN (print)2213-5103

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