How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dietl GP. Ecology: Different worlds. Nature. 2016;529(7584):29-30.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irvine RF, Denton RM. Cell biology. Pyro-technic control of metabolism. Science. 2011;334(6057):770-771.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bylinskii A, Gangloff D, Vuletić V. Friction. Tuning friction atom-by-atom in an ion-crystal simulator. Science. 2015;348(6239):1115-1118.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Punckt C, Bölscher M, Rotermund HH, et al. Sudden onset of pitting corrosion on stainless steel as a critical phenomenon. Science. 2004;305(5687):1133-1136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne A. Guide to Building Control. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2013.
An edited book
Condello A, Lehmann S, eds. Sustainable Lina: Lina Bo Bardi’s Adaptive Reuse Projects. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Blom AB, van den Berg WB. The Synovium and Its Role in Osteoarthritis. In: Bronner F, Farach-Carson MC, eds. Bone and Osteoarthritis. Topics in Bone Biology. London: Springer; 2007:65-79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists.

Blog post
Andrew E. Hubble Space Telescope’s Chief Scientist On What It Took To Get The Project Off The Ground. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education Reform: Initial Effects in Four School Districts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Funderburk J. Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M. The Candidates as Culture Vultures. New York Times. July 12, 1992:21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Clinical Wound Specialists
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Clin. Wound Spec.
ISSN (print)2213-5103

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