How to format your references using the European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fitch T (2010) Journal club. A cognitive biologist foresees breakthroughs in understanding vocal learning. Nature 466:163
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Soles CL, Ding Y (2008) Materials science. Nanoscale polymer processing. Science 322:689–690
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jiang X, Wang Y, Li M (2014) Selecting water-alcohol mixed solvent for synthesis of polydopamine nano-spheres using solubility parameter. Sci Rep 4:6070
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Ghezraoui H, Oliveira C, Becker JR, et al (2018) 53BP1 cooperation with the REV7-shieldin complex underpins DNA structure-specific NHEJ. Nature 560:122–127

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pasternak JJ (2005) An Introduction to Human Molecular Genetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Caporarello L, Di Martino B, Martinez M (2014) Smart Organizations and Smart Artifacts: Fostering Interaction Between People, Technologies and Processes. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wersényi G (2010) Auditory Representations of a Graphical User Interface for a Better Human-Computer Interaction. In: Ystad S, Aramaki M, Kronland-Martinet R, Jensen K (eds) Auditory Display: 6th International Symposium, CMMR/ICAD 2009, Copenhagen, Denmark, May 18-22, 2009. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 80–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2016) Remains Of Ancient Star Cluster Found In Milky Way’s Heart. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/remains-of-ancient-star-cluster-found-in-milky-ways-heart/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1985) Use of the Public Law 94-142 Set-Aside Shows Both the Flexibility Intended by the Law and the Need for Improved Reporting. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Becker M (2017) Women’s Descriptions Six Months Post Notification of Positive BRCA 1/2 Genetic Mutations. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Nir SM, Haag M (2017) Charter Bus Slams Into a City Bus at a Busy Queens Intersection, Killing 3. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0940-1334
ISSN (online)1433-8491
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles