How to format your references using the European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Scarpa T (2006) Research funding: peer review at NIH. Science 311:41
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Settembre C, Ballabio A (2014) Cell metabolism: autophagy transcribed. Nature 516:40–41
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Daigaku Y, Davies AA, Ulrich HD (2010) Ubiquitin-dependent DNA damage bypass is separable from genome replication. Nature 465:951–955
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Thomas JH, Weiss NO, Tobias SM, Brummell NH (2002) Downward pumping of magnetic flux as the cause of filamentary structures in sunspot penumbrae. Nature 420:390–393

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Parke RD (2013) Future Families. John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Humphreys SC, Wagner RG (2013) Modernity’s Classics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brown LM (2014) Quantitative Shotgun Proteomics with Data-Independent Acquisition and Traveling Wave Ion Mobility Spectrometry: A Versatile Tool in the Life Sciences. In: Woods AG, Darie CC (eds) Advancements of Mass Spectrometry in Biomedical Research. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 79–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Watch Salt Cubes Form In The Dead Sea. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/watch-salt-cubes-form-dead-sea/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1981) Regulating Domestic Telecommunications Common Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bacus M (2015) Disturb the Morning. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bruno J (2017) Watching Coral Reefs Die. New York Times SR8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0940-1334
ISSN (online)1433-8491
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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