How to format your references using the European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hauser MD (2005) Natural history. Beyond the chimpanzee genome: the threat of extinction. Science 309:1498–1499
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jensen K, Murray F (2005) Intellectual property. Enhanced: intellectual property landscape of the human genome. Science 310:239–240
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wang P-Y, Weng J, Anderson RGW (2005) OSBP is a cholesterol-regulated scaffolding protein in control of ERK 1/2 activation. Science 307:1472–1476
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Zhou Y, Fuentes-Hernandez C, Khan TM, et al (2013) Recyclable organic solar cells on cellulose nanocrystal substrates. Sci Rep 3:1536

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Fleckenstein P, Tranum-Jensen J, Myschetzky PS (2014) Anatomy in Diagnostic Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Schoenberger SP, Katsikis PD, Pulendran B (2009) Crossroads between Innate and Adaptive Immunity II. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Baseggio Conrado A, Pecci L, Capuozzo E, Fontana M (2015) Oxidation of Hypotaurine and Cysteine Sulfinic Acid by Peroxidase-generated Reactive Species. In: Marcinkiewicz J, Schaffer SW (eds) Taurine 9. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 41–51

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2014) Spreading Continents Kick-Started Plate Tectonics Billions of Years Ago. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/spreading-continents-kick-started-plate-tectonics-billions-years-ago/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1989) Social Security: Leadership Structure for an Independent Social Security Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Joubert BR (2009) Human genetic susceptibility to mother to child transmission of HIV: A study of mother-infant pairs in Malawi. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2011) A Union of Comfort Foods. New York Times NJ9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0940-1334
ISSN (online)1433-8491
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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