How to format your references using the European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Brito L (2012) Analyzing sustainable development goals. Science 336:1396
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schnell JR, Chou JJ (2008) Structure and mechanism of the M2 proton channel of influenza A virus. Nature 451:591–595
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Pfeifer R, Lungarella M, Iida F (2007) Self-organization, embodiment, and biologically inspired robotics. Science 318:1088–1093
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Steffen M, Ansmann M, Bialczak RC, et al (2006) Measurement of the entanglement of two superconducting qubits via state tomography. Science 313:1423–1425

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jazar RN (2011) Advanced Dynamics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Dzemyda G (2013) Multidimensional Data Visualization: Methods and Applications. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Røsæg E (2009) The Athens Convention on Passenger Liability and the EU. In: Basedow J, Magnus U, Wolfrum R (eds) The Hamburg Lectures on Maritime Affairs 2007 & 2008. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Stem Cell Therapy Success In Monkeys. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/stem-cell-therapy-success-monkeys/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2013) Federal Vehicle Fleets: Adopting Leading Practices Could Improve Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Becker LA (2010) Noncredit to credit transitions: The role of cultural capital and habitus for adult immigrant learners in the community college. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K (2001) Small Budget Cuts at a School Cause a Large Amount of Pain. New York Times 146

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
AbbreviationEur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci.
ISSN (print)0940-1334
ISSN (online)1433-8491
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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