How to format your references using the Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstein, I. B. 2002. Cancer. Addiction to oncogenes--the Achilles heal of cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 297(5578):63–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
Joshi, N. S., and T. Jacks. 2013. Immunology. Guilty by association. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339(6124):1160–1161.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burrone, J., M. O’Byrne, and V. N. Murthy. 2002. Multiple forms of synaptic plasticity triggered by selective suppression of activity in individual neurons. Nature 420(6914):414–418.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Juarez, M. T., J. S. Kui, J. Thomas, B. A. Heller, and M. C. P. Timmermans. 2004. microRNA-mediated repression of rolled leaf1 specifies maize leaf polarity. Nature 428(6978):84–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
CCPS. 2006. Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Herrero, Á., V. Snášel, A. Abraham, I. Zelinka, B. Baruque, H. Quintián, J. L. Calvo, J. Sedano, and E. Corchado, editors. 2013. International Joint Conference CISIS’12-ICEUTE´12-SOCO´12 Special Sessions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shirwany, N. A., and M. D. Seidman. 2015. Antioxidants and Their Effect on Stress-Induced Pathology in the Inner Ear. Pages 57–89 in J. Miller, C. G. Le Prell, and L. Rybak, editors. Free Radicals in ENT Pathology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014, July 11. Antioxidants Can Make Cancers Worse. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1976. NASA’s Choice of a Location for Its Proposed Lunar Curatorial Facility. U.S. Government Printing Office, PSAD-76-130, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watts, K. S. 2008. The Effectiveness of a Social Story Intervention in Decreasing Disruptive Behavior in Autistic Children. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. 2011, March 27. Coast Garde. New York Times:M224.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weinstein 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Weinstein 2002; Joshi and Jacks 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Joshi and Jacks 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Juarez et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries
ISSN (print)0363-2415
ISSN (online)1548-8446
ScopeAquatic Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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