How to format your references using the Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bucksbaum, P. H. 2007. The future of attosecond spectroscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317(5839):766–769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frohlich, M. W., and M. W. Chase. 2007. After a dozen years of progress the origin of angiosperms is still a great mystery. Nature 450(7173):1184–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Deng, L., Z.-P. Shangguan, and S. Sweeney. 2014. “Grain for Green” driven land use change and carbon sequestration on the Loess Plateau, China. Scientific reports 4:7039.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deary, I. J., M. C. Whiteman, A. Pattie, J. M. Starr, C. Hayward, A. F. Wright, A. Carothers, and L. J. Whalley. 2002. Cognitive change and the APOE epsilon 4 allele. Nature 418(6901):932.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kanel, G. C. 2017. Pathology of Liver Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
O’Donnell, L., G. Nedjati-Gilani, Y. Rathi, M. Reisert, and T. Schneider, editors. 2014. Computational Diffusion MRI: MICCAI Workshop, Boston, MA, USA, September 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferri, R. B., and R. Lesh. 2013. Should Interpretation Systems Be Considered to Be Models if They Only Function Implicitly? Pages 57–66 in G. A. Stillman, G. Kaiser, W. Blum, and J. P. Brown, editors. Teaching Mathematical Modelling: Connecting to Research and Practice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016, May 15. Extremely Rare Sumatran Rhino Gives Birth At Indonesian Sanctuary. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Federal Research: Status of DOE’s Superconducting Super Collider. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-91-116, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanchez, G. 2010. An educational program to support Latina teen mothers: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2006, June 30. Justices, 5-3, Broadly Reject Bush Plan to Try Detainees. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bucksbaum 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Bucksbaum 2007; Frohlich and Chase 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frohlich and Chase 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Deary et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries
ISSN (print)0363-2415
ISSN (online)1548-8446
ScopeAquatic Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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