How to format your references using the Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fields, R. D. 2014. Neuroscience. Myelin--more than insulation. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344(6181):264–266.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston, M., and G. D. Stormo. 2003. Evolution. Heirlooms in the attic. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5647):997–999.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suvà, M. L., N. Riggi, and B. E. Bernstein. 2013. Epigenetic reprogramming in cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 339(6127):1567–1570.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thoma, R., T. Schulz-Gasch, B. D’Arcy, J. Benz, J. Aebi, H. Dehmlow, M. Hennig, M. Stihle, and A. Ruf. 2004. Insight into steroid scaffold formation from the structure of human oxidosqualene cyclase. Nature 432(7013):118–122.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ziegler, M. 2012. Geotechnische Nachweise nach EC 7 und DIN 1054. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Liu, X. 2013. Location Privacy Protection in Mobile Networks. Page X. Li, editor. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, S. J., and B. Diamond. 2015. Endogenous Control of Dendritic Cell Activation by miRNA. Pages 85–103 in C. M. Greene, editor. MicroRNAs and Other Non-Coding RNAs in Inflammation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016, May 15. This Is How Your Brain Figures Out When Your Belly Is Full. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2010. NASA: Medium Launch Transition Strategy Leverages Ongoing Investments but Is Not Without Risk. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-11-107, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joubert, B. R. 2009. Human genetic susceptibility to mother to child transmission of HIV: A study of mother-infant pairs in Malawi. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. 2007, August 17. Keep ’Em Coming. New York Times:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fields 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Johnston and Stormo 2003; Fields 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnston and Stormo 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Thoma et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries
ISSN (print)0363-2415
ISSN (online)1548-8446
ScopeAquatic Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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