How to format your references using the Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Przeworski, M. 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. The golden age of human population genetics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331(6017):547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richmond, T. J., and C. A. Davey. 2003. The structure of DNA in the nucleosome core. Nature 423(6936):145–150.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huey, D. J., J. C. Hu, and K. A. Athanasiou. 2012. Unlike bone, cartilage regeneration remains elusive. Science (New York, N.Y.) 338(6109):917–921.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, H., S. Lin, J. P. Allen, J. C. Williams, S. Blankert, C. Laser, and N. W. Woodbury. 2007. Protein dynamics control the kinetics of initial electron transfer in photosynthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5825):747–750.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wootton, R. J., and C. Smith. 2014. Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gautschi, H. 2016. Technological Innovation and Economic Transformation: A Method for Contextual Analysis. Page D. Gautschi, editor. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Szende, A., and B. Janssen. 2014. Cross-Country Analysis of EQ-5D Data. Pages 31–36 in A. Szende, B. Janssen, and J. Cabases, editors. Self-Reported Population Health: An International Perspective based on EQ-5D. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014, August 1. NASA Scientists Claim “Impossible” Space Travel Engine Could Actually Work. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. National Science Foundation: Problems Found in Decision Process for Awarding Earthquake Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, RCED-87-146, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCullough, J. 2009. Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction. A retrospective study to determine if these factors are correlated in a clinical setting. A project report. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Light, A. 2012, May 18. Guardian Anger. New York Times:MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Przeworski 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Richmond and Davey 2003; Przeworski 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richmond and Davey 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries
ISSN (print)0363-2415
ISSN (online)1548-8446
ScopeAquatic Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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