How to format your references using the Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaufman, A. J. 2005. Geology. The calibration of Ediacaran time. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308(5718):59–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim-Muller, J. Y., and D. Accili. 2011. Cell biology. Selective insulin sensitizers. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331(6024):1529–1531.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ito, K., M. Uno, and Y. Nakamura. 2000. A tripeptide “anticodon” deciphers stop codons in messenger RNA. Nature 403(6770):680–684.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
La Porta, A., G. A. Voth, A. M. Crawford, J. Alexander, and E. Bodenschatz. 2001. Fluid particle accelerations in fully developed turbulence. Nature 409(6823):1017–1019.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bunker, G., and D. Thomson. 2006. Delivering Utility Computing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ismail, M. 2013. Cooperative Networking in a Heterogeneous Wireless Medium. Page W. Zhuang, editor. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, A., Á. Raya, Y. Kawakami, M. Morita, T. Matsui, K. Nakashima, F. H. Gage, C. Rodríguez-Esteban, and J. C. I. Belmonte. 2009. Maintenance of Embryonic Stem Cell Pluripotency by Nanog-Mediated Dedifferentiation of Committed Mesoderm Progenitors. Pages 37–53 in V. K. Rajasekhar and M. C. Vemuri, editors. Regulatory Networks in Stem Cells. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2015, January 17. Geese Fly Over Himalayas Using Rollercoaster Strategy. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Management Improvements Essential for Key Automated Systems at the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-IMTEC-90-13, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Krau, C. F. 2008. A case study of congregational design and implementation of adult Christian education. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 1992, November 10. THE TRANSITION: The President-Elect; Despite Some Signs of Recovery, Clinton Points to Economic Perils. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaufman 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Kaufman 2005; Kim-Muller and Accili 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim-Muller and Accili 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (La Porta et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries
ISSN (print)0363-2415
ISSN (online)1548-8446
ScopeAquatic Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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