How to format your references using the Fisheries citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fisheries. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, R. 2004. Developing themes. Nature 430(6997):382–383.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mehta, R. S., and P. C. Wainwright. 2007. Raptorial jaws in the throat help moray eels swallow large prey. Nature 449(7158):79–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mishra, L., R. Derynck, and B. Mishra. 2005. Transforming growth factor-beta signaling in stem cells and cancer. Science (New York, N.Y.) 310(5745):68–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fleming, I. A., S. Einum, B. Jonsson, and N. Jonsson. 2003. Comment on “rapid evolution of egg size in captive Salmon.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 302(5642):59; discussion 59.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ambaum, M. H. P. 2010. Thermal Physics of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Syme, D. 2012. Expert F# 3.0. Page A. Granicz and A. Cisternino, editors. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Sulc, M., and J. Matas. 2015. Fast Features Invariant to Rotation and Scale of Texture. Pages 47–62 in L. Agapito, M. M. Bronstein, and C. Rother, editors. Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops: Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-7 and 12, 2014, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fisheries.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, August 17. Mutilated Rhino Treated With Elephant Skin Graft. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Charter Schools: Use of Start-Up Grant Funds. U.S. Government Printing Office, HEHS-98-150R, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tovar, B. 2010. A drug and alcohol education and prevention program for Hispanic families: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2012, November 26. A Rivalry to Add to the City’s Rich History. New York Times:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lewis 2004; Mehta and Wainwright 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mehta and Wainwright 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Fleming et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFisheries
ISSN (print)0363-2415
ISSN (online)1548-8446
ScopeAquatic Science
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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