How to format your references using the Archives of Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Check E (2003) Report backs Smithsonian research. Nature 421:198
A journal article with 2 authors
Wenseleers T, Ratnieks FLW (2006) Enforced altruism in insect societies. Nature 444:50
A journal article with 3 authors
Wootton SK, Halbert CL, Miller AD (2005) Sheep retrovirus structural protein induces lung tumours. Nature 434:904–907
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reid SD, Herbelin CJ, Bumbaugh AC, et al (2000) Parallel evolution of virulence in pathogenic Escherichia coli. Nature 406:64–67

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weston P (2006) Bioinformatics Software Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kumar R (2016) Protein Toxins in Modeling Biochemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Jacobs DS, Agranat JS (2014) Advances in Contact Lens for the Treatment of Ocular Surface Disease and the Corneal Ectasias. In: Jeng BH (ed) Advances in Medical and Surgical Cornea: From Diagnosis to Procedure. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Toxicology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) British Astronaut Tim Peake Is Going Back To Space. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/british-astronaut-tim-peake-is-going-back-to-space/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) GSA Lease Prospectuses Provide a Reasonable Basis for the Congress To Approve Proposed Space Acquisitions. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pearson D (2014) A High-Level Fuzzy Logic Guidance System for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle (USV) Tasked to Perform an Autonomous Launch and Recovery (ALR) of an Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV). Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2000) Those Gray Boxes on Poles? Fear Not, the Company Says. New York Times 147

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Check 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Check 2003; Wenseleers and Ratnieks 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wenseleers and Ratnieks 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Reid et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0340-5761
ISSN (online)1432-0738
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Toxicology

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