How to format your references using the Archives of Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Delaney P (2000) Palaeoceanography. Nutrients in the glacial balance. Nature 405:288–9, 291
A journal article with 2 authors
Dandekar P, Doherty MF (2014) Materials science. Imaging crystallization. Science 344:705–706
A journal article with 3 authors
Robinson CV, Sali A, Baumeister W (2007) The molecular sociology of the cell. Nature 450:973–982
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tou WI, Chang S-S, Lee C-C, Chen CY-C (2013) Drug design for neuropathic pain regulation from traditional Chinese medicine. Sci Rep 3:844

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higgs PG, Attwood TK (2004) Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution. Blackwell Publishing Ltd., Malden, MA USA
An edited book
Gorodetsky V, Liu J, Skormin VA (eds) (2005) Autonomous Intelligent Systems: Agents and Data Mining: International Workshop, AIS-ADM 2005, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 6-8, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Haas M, Mittnik S (2008) Portfolio Selection with Common Correlation Mixture Models. In: Bol G, Rachev ST, Würth R (eds) Risk Assessment: Decisions in Banking and Finance. Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, pp 47–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Toxicology.

Blog post
Taub B (2017) Tortoise Gets A Set Of Wheels After Injuring Legs Having Sex. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/tortoise-gets-set-wheels-after-injuring-legs-having-sex/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) NASA Aeronautics: Efforts to Preserve U.S. Leadership in the Aeronautics Industry Are Limited. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tang Y (2009) Structure tailored properties and functionalities of zero-dimensional nanostructures. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Koblin J (2017) For Fox News, Life After Bill O’Reilly Will Feature Tucker Carlson. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Delaney 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Delaney 2000; Dandekar and Doherty 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dandekar and Doherty 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tou et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0340-5761
ISSN (online)1432-0738
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Toxicology

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