How to format your references using the Archives of Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein M (2014) Clinical trials: More trials, fewer tribulations. Nature 509:S55-7
A journal article with 2 authors
Hibbs RE, Gouaux E (2011) Principles of activation and permeation in an anion-selective Cys-loop receptor. Nature 474:54–60
A journal article with 3 authors
Brengues M, Teixeira D, Parker R (2005) Movement of eukaryotic mRNAs between polysomes and cytoplasmic processing bodies. Science 310:486–489
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen Y, Li Y-L, Zhou G-T, et al (2014) Biomineralization mediated by anaerobic methane-consuming cell consortia. Sci Rep 4:5696

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anisman H (2015) Stress and Your Health. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Gabbay DM, Guenthner F (eds) (2011) Handbook of Philosophical Logic: Volume 16. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Caravagna G, Bortolussi L, Sanguinetti G (2016) Matching Models Across Abstraction Levels with Gaussian Processes. In: Bartocci E, Lio P, Paoletti N (eds) Computational Methods in Systems Biology: 14th International Conference, CMSB 2016, Cambridge, UK, September 21-23, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 49–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Toxicology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Immense Volcanic Eruptions AND An Asteroid Impact Were Both Responsible For Killing Off The Dinosaurs. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/immense-volcanic-eruptions-and-an-asteroid-impact-were-both-responsible-for-killing-off-the-dinosaurs/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) Financial Restatement Database. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickinson S (2013) Best practices in integrating acquisitions. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Sisario B (2016) Judge Rejects Justice Dept. Decision on Music Licensing. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenstein 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hibbs and Gouaux 2011; Eisenstein 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hibbs and Gouaux 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0340-5761
ISSN (online)1432-0738
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine
Toxicology

Other styles