How to format your references using the Archives of Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Franz M (2004) Physics. Crystalline electron pairs. Science 305:1410–1411
A journal article with 2 authors
Geisler JH, Theodor JM (2009) Hippopotamus and whale phylogeny. Nature 458:E1-4; discussion E5
A journal article with 3 authors
Loudet JC, Hanusse P, Poulin P (2004) Stokes drag on a sphere in a nematic liquid crystal. Science 306:1525
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ni Chonghaile T, Sarosiek KA, Vo T-T, et al (2011) Pretreatment mitochondrial priming correlates with clinical response to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Science 334:1129–1133

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robinson N, Hall G, Fawcett W (2011) How to Survive in Anaesthesia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Hostettler S, Gadgil A, Hazboun E (eds) (2015) Sustainable Access to Energy in the Global South: Essential Technologies and Implementation Approaches. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Farkas J, Jármai K (2013) Beams and Columns. In: Jármai K (ed) Optimum Design of Steel Structures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 43–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Toxicology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Lab-grown Esophagus Implanted in Rat. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Information Technology Services: Agencies Complying with Revision to Federal Acquisition Regulation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coughenour BM (2014) Photovoltaic concentrator optical system design: Solar energy engineering from physics to field. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L (2011) Imps of the Perverse. New York Times M250

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Franz 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Franz 2004; Geisler and Theodor 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Geisler and Theodor 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Ni Chonghaile et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0340-5761
ISSN (online)1432-0738
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles