How to format your references using the Archives of Toxicology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Toxicology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
De S (2009) Journal club. A biologist looks at the effect of a dynamic nuclear environment on gene expression. Nature 460:15
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor MS, Hellberg ME (2003) Genetic evidence for local retention of pelagic larvae in a Caribbean reef fish. Science 299:107–109
A journal article with 3 authors
Brennan MD, Cheong R, Levchenko A (2012) Systems biology. How information theory handles cell signaling and uncertainty. Science 338:334–335
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Partridge TC, Granger DE, Caffee MW, Clarke RJ (2003) Lower Pliocene hominid remains from Sterkfontein. Science 300:607–612

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M (2011) An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gutierrez R (ed) (2009) Co-Existence and Co-Release of Classical Neurotransmitters: Ex uno plures. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Anne KR, Kuchibhotla S, Vankayalapati HD (2015) Emotional Speech Corpora. In: Kuchibhotla S, Vankayalapati HD (eds) Acoustic Modeling for Emotion Recognition. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–35

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Toxicology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Bizarre “Hybrid” Star Found. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) National Science Foundation: Better Use of Existing Resources Could Improve Program Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cummins K (2015) A Mixed Methods Study on The Leader in Me Process: How Does Fostering Student Leadership Capacity Influence Behavior, Efficacy, and Achievement? Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) A Proposal for Drawing a Clearer Picture of Public Pension Finances. New York Times B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (De 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Taylor and Hellberg 2003; De 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Hellberg 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Partridge et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Toxicology
AbbreviationArch. Toxicol.
ISSN (print)0340-5761
ISSN (online)1432-0738
ScopeHealth, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
General Medicine

Other styles