How to format your references using the Journal of the American Chemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Chemical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, K. Drugs: Blood Battles. Nature 2013, 493 (7434), S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Knohl, A.; Veldkamp, E. Global Change: Indirect Feedbacks to Rising CO2. Nature 2011, 475 (7355), 177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, D. S. G.; Knight, M.; Wiggs, G. F. S. Remobilization of Southern African Desert Dune Systems by Twenty-First Century Global Warming. Nature 2005, 435 (7046), 1218–1221.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lucas, R. J.; Hattar, S.; Takao, M.; Berson, D. M.; Foster, R. G.; Yau, K.-W. Diminished Pupillary Light Reflex at High Irradiances in Melanopsin-Knockout Mice. Science 2003, 299 (5604), 245–247.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rouse, W. B. Universities as Complex Enterprises; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
Telerehabilitation; Kumar, S., Cohn, E. R., Eds.; Health Informatics; Springer: London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Dalbert, C. On the Differentiation of an Implicit and a Self-Attributed Justice Motive. In Justice and Conflicts: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions; Kals, E., Maes, J., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp 77–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. Watch A Hornet Be Cooked Alive By Bees (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Traffic Control: Role of FAA’s Modernization Program in Reducing Delays and Congestion; GAO-01-725T; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller, R. L. Models for the Interaction of Structured Populations and the Environment. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Saslow, L. Suffolk County College Is Raising Tuition. New York Times. April 26, 2009, p LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7863
ISSN (online)1520-5126
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
General Chemistry

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