How to format your references using the Journal of the American Chemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Chemical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. Spending Stalemate. Nature 2007, 449 (7165), 962.
A journal article with 2 authors
Titantah, J. T.; Karttunen, M. Water Dynamics: Relation between Hydrogen Bond Bifurcations, Molecular Jumps, Local Density & Hydrophobicity. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2991.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gutfreund, Y.; Zheng, W.; Knudsen, E. I. Gated Visual Input to the Central Auditory System. Science 2002, 297 (5586), 1556–1559.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ranta, E.; Lundberg, P.; Kaitala, V.; Stenseth, N. C. Ecology. On the Crest of a Population Wave. Science 2002, 298 (5595), 973–974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
New, T. R. Hymenoptera and Conservation; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Wireless Networks, Information Processing and Systems: International Multi Topic Conference, IMTIC 2008 Jamshoro, Pakistan, April 11-12, 2008 Revised Selected Papers; Hussain, D. M. A., Rajput, A. Q. K., Chowdhry, B. S., Gee, Q., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; Vol. 20.
A chapter in an edited book
Baker, B. J.; Amsler, C. D.; McClintock, J. B. Macroalgal Chemical Defenses in Polar Marine Communities. In Algal Chemical Ecology; Amsler, C. D., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp 91–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Blog post
Hale, T. Watch Two Of Australia’s Most Infamous Snakes Go Head-To-Head In A Battle To The Death. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes; GAO-03-360R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carman, S. B. Leadership Style and Church Attendance: An Ex Post Facto Study of Churches of Christ in Texas. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. Emmys Welcome Surprises Along With the Favorites. New York Times. September 18, 2016, p C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7863
ISSN (online)1520-5126
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
General Chemistry

Other styles