How to format your references using the Journal of the American Chemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Chemical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dennis, C. Small RNAs: The Genome’s Guiding Hand? Nature 2002, 420 (6917), 732.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishiizumi, K.; Caffee, M. W. Beryllium-10 from the Sun. Science 2001, 294 (5541), 352–354.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panda, S.; Hogenesch, J. B.; Kay, S. A. Circadian Rhythms from Flies to Human. Nature 2002, 417 (6886), 329–335.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Dahl, C. D.; Rasch, M. J.; Tomonaga, M.; Adachi, I. The Face Inversion Effect in Non-Human Primates Revisited - an Investigation in Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes). Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Swatton, P. J. Principles of Flight for Pilots; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2010.
An edited book
Citizen in Sensor Networks: Second International Workshop, CitiSens 2013, Barcelona, Spain, September 19, 2013, Revised Selected Papers; Nin, J., Villatoro, D., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 8313.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohbayashi, T.; Okochi, I.; Sato, H.; Ono, T. Food Habit of Platydemus Manokwari De Beauchamp, 1962 (Tricladida: Terricola: Rhynchodemidae), Known as a Predatory Flatworm of Land Snails in the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands, Japan. In Restoring the Oceanic Island Ecosystem: Impact and Management of Invasive Alien Species in the Bonin Islands; Kawakami, K., Okochi, I., Eds.; Springer Japan: Tokyo, 2010; pp 35–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. NASA’s Next Mission Will Study The Extreme Environment Around Black Holes (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Nanotechnology: Nanomaterials Are Widely Used in Commerce, but EPA Faces Challenges in Regulating Risk; GAO-10-549; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pulukkunat, D. Biochemical Studies on Archaeal Ribonuclease P Reveal Thematic Convergence in Protein-Facilitated RNA Catalysis. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stellin, S. Do You Have a Doctor’s Note? New York Times. September 27, 2013, p RE1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7863
ISSN (online)1520-5126
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
General Chemistry

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