How to format your references using the Journal of the American Chemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Chemical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carbillon, L. Comment on “Maternal Oxytocin Triggers a Transient Inhibitory Switch in GABA Signaling in the Fetal Brain during Delivery.” Science 2007, 317 (5835), 197; author reply 197.
A journal article with 2 authors
Medina-Elizalde, M.; Rohling, E. J. Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Related to Modest Reduction in Precipitation. Science 2012, 335 (6071), 956–959.
A journal article with 3 authors
Llopart, A.; Elwyn, S.; Coyne, J. A. Pigmentation and Mate Choice in Drosophila. Nature 2002, 419 (6905), 360; discussion 360.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ahuja, G.; Ivandic, I.; Saltürk, M.; Oka, Y.; Nadler, W.; Korsching, S. I. Zebrafish Crypt Neurons Project to a Single, Identified Mediodorsal Glomerulus. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2063.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ghaye, T. Building the Reflective Healthcare Organisation; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Digital Creativity: Individuals, Groups, and Organizations; Lee, K. C., Ed.; Integrated Series in Information Systems; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; Vol. 32.
A chapter in an edited book
Christinal, H. A.; Berciano, A.; Díaz-Pernil, D.; Gutiérrez-Naranjo, M. A. Searching Partially Bounded Regions with P Systems. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Soft Computing for Problem Solving: SocProS 2013, Volume 1; Pant, M., Deep, K., Nagar, A., Bansal, J. C., Eds.; Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Springer India: New Delhi, 2014; pp 45–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Blog post
Fang, J. The Bizarre Life Of The Vampire Squid From Hell (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Research and Development: Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center’s Process for Funding Projects; AIMD-99-277R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins, J. D. Answers in Diagenesis: Assessing Mussel Shell Diagenesis in the Modern Vadose Zone at Lyon’s Bluff (22OK520), Northeast Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. Justices Reject Suit on Federal Money for Faith-Based Office. New York Times. June 26, 2007, p A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Chemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Am. Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)0002-7863
ISSN (online)1520-5126
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
General Chemistry

Other styles