How to format your references using the Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Elshakry M. 2009. Global Darwin: Eastern enchantment. Nature 461:1200–1201.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Moran NA, Jarvik T. 2010. Lateral transfer of genes from fungi underlies carotenoid production in aphids. Science 328:624–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sampat BN, Shadlen KC, Amin TM. 2012. Intellectual property. Challenges to India’s pharmaceutical patent laws. Science 337:414–415.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Miller PJ, Biassoni N, Samuels A, Tyack PL. 2000. Whale songs lengthen in response to sonar. Nature 405:903.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ham BM. 2011. Proteomics of Biological Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
1.
Wu Y, editor. 2012. Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering: Theory and Practice: Volume 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sunderland N, Kendall E, Marshall CA, Barlow L. 2016. I’ll Paint you a Picture and You’ll Hear my Story: Broadening the Scope of Narrative Research for Arts-Based Service Learning, p 71–81. In: Bartleet B-L, Bennett D, Power A, Sunderland N, editors. Engaging First Peoples in Arts-Based Service Learning: Towards Respectful and Mutually Beneficial Educational Practices. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. 2015. How We Showed ‘Sleeping On It’ Really Is The Best Way To Solve A Problem. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. 2015. TSA Acquisitions: Further Actions Needed to Improve Efficiency of Screening Technology Test and Evaluation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Waidelich LA. 2012. Identifying Leadership Potential: The Process of Principals within a Charter School Network, Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. 2017. Sharapova Given Wild Card Into U.S. Open, Her First Major Since 2016. New York Times :B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,5,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)1559-6109
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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