How to format your references using the Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Offerman SE. 2004. Materials science. Microstructures in 4D. Science 305:190–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mellman I, Nussenzweig M. 2011. Retrospective. Ralph M. Steinman (1943-2011). Science 334:466.
A journal article with 3 authors
Purdy TP, Peterson RW, Regal CA. 2013. Observation of radiation pressure shot noise on a macroscopic object. Science 339:801–804.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rico C, Normandeau E, Dion-Côté A-M, Rico MI, Côté G, Bernatchez L. 2013. Combining next-generation sequencing and online databases for microsatellite development in non-model organisms. Sci Rep 3:3376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmutsky A. 2010. System Design for Telecommunication Gateways. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ostachowicz W, McGugan M, Schröder-Hinrichs J-U, Luczak M, editors. 2016. MARE-WINT: New Materials and Reliability in Offshore Wind Turbine Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Doroshenko A, Zhereb K, Yatsenko O. 2013. Developing and Optimizing Parallel Programs with Algebra-Algorithmic and Term Rewriting Tools, p 70–92. In: Ermolayev V, Mayr HC, Nikitchenko M, Spivakovsky A, Zholtkevych G, editors. Information and Communication Technologies in Education, Research, and Industrial Applications: 9th International Conference, ICTERI 2013, Kherson, Ukraine, June 19-22, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Millions of Gallons of “Missing” BP Oil are Sitting at the Bottom of the Gulf. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Information Systems: Agencies Overlook Security Controls During Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baghaei Lakeh A. 2013. Approximate Analytical Solutions of a Generalized van der Pol Oscillator, Doctoral dissertation. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G. 2015. In Chernobyl, Life Finds a Way. New York Times :D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 3,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)1559-6109
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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