How to format your references using the Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeki S. Essays on science and society. Artistic creativity and the brain. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2001 July 6;293:;51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moreira D, López-García P. Comment on “The 1.2-megabase genome sequence of Mimivirus.” Science (New York, N.Y.). 2005 May 20;308:;1114; author reply 1114.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cossart R, Aronov D, Yuste R. Attractor dynamics of network UP states in the neocortex. Nature. 2003 May 15;423:;283–288.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim J, Darley DJ, Buckel W, Pierik AJ. An allylic ketyl radical intermediate in clostridial amino-acid fermentation. Nature. 2008 March 13;452:;239–242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dimon R. Enterprise Performance Management Done Right. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Taylor IJ, Harrison AB eds. From P2P and Grids to Services on the Web: Evolving Distributed Communities. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Baru C, Bhandarkar M, Curino C, Danisch M, Frank M, Gowda B, Jacobsen H-A, Jie H, Kumar D, Nambiar R, et al. Discussion of BigBench: A Proposed Industry Standard Performance Benchmark for Big Data. In: Nambiar R, Poess M, editors. Performance Characterization and Benchmarking. Traditional to Big Data: 6th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2014, Hangzhou, China, September 1--5, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. pp. 44–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science.

Blog post
Hale T. Drones Capture Stunning Images Of Orca Pod. IFLScience [Internet]. 2015 October 26 [cited 2018 October 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Challenge of Data Sharing: Results of a GAO-Sponsored Symposium on Benefit and Loan Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baciu AB. Biopolitics and the influenza pandemics of 1918 and 2009 in the United States: Power, immunity, and the law [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW, Cooper M. Big Teachers’ Fund to Sell Its Gun Shares. New York Times. 2013 January 10;B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 4,6–8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)1559-6109
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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