How to format your references using the Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Falk D. 2000. Careers in science offer women an unusual bonus: immortality. Nature 407:833.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuo I-FW, Mundy CJ. 2004. An ab initio molecular dynamics study of the aqueous liquid-vapor interface. Science 303:658–660.
A journal article with 3 authors
Walsh JP, Cohen WM, Arora A. 2003. Science and the law. Working through the patent problem. Science 299:1021.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
He Y, Vogelstein B, Velculescu VE, Papadopoulos N, Kinzler KW. 2008. The antisense transcriptomes of human cells. Science 322:1855–1857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gerardi MH, Zimmerman MC. 2004. Wastewater Pathogens. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Meifert MT, editor. 2013. Strategic Human Resource Development: A Journey in Eight Stages. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pettit CJ, Wyatt R. 2009. A Planning Support System Toolkit Approach for Formulating and Evaluating Land-use Change Scenarios, p 69–90. In: Geertman S, Stillwell J, editors. Planning Support Systems Best Practice and New Methods. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013. What Have We Got To Lose?: A Brief History of Mass Extinction Events. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1987. Bilingual Education: Information on Limited English Proficient Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez A. 2012. Impact of the Child and Family Services Improvement Act of 2006 on monthly caseworker visits to children in Los Angeles County on California’s foster care system, Doctoral dissertation. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2013. Rhythmic Gymnastics Judges Cleared. New York Times :B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,5,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)1559-6109
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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