How to format your references using the Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graddol D. The future of language. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2004 February 27;303:;1329–1331.
A journal article with 2 authors
De Francesco R, Migliaccio G. Challenges and successes in developing new therapies for hepatitis C. Nature. 2005 August 18;436:;953–960.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hellberg ME, Balch DP, Roy K. Climate-driven range expansion and morphological evolution in a marine gastropod. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2001 June 1;292:;1707–1710.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Krol KM, Kamboj SK, Curran HV, Grossmann T. Breastfeeding experience differentially impacts recognition of happiness and anger in mothers. Scientific reports. 2014 November 12;4:;7006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stanoyevitch A. Introduction to Numerical Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations Using MATLAB®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Sigel A, Sigel H, Sigel RKO eds. The Alkali Metal Ions: Their Role for Life. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Krishnanand KN, Ghose D. Glowworm Swarm Optimization for Searching Higher Dimensional Spaces. In: Lim CP, Jain LC, Dehuri S, editors. Innovations in Swarm Intelligence. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. How We Found World’s Deepest Fish In The Mariana Trench – And Why We must Keep Exploring. IFLScience [Internet]. 2014 December 20 [cited 2018 October 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Secret Service Has More Computer Capacity Than It Needs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lew MM. Hydroxyl, Hydroperoxyl, and Organic Peroxy Radical Chemistry in Forested Areas: Measurements, Modeling and Implications for Atmospheric Chemistry [Doctoral dissertation]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines GG. Look! Up in the Sky! Hoping for Broadway! New York Times. 2010 July 4;AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 3,4.
This sentence cites four references 3,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Association of Laboratory Animal Science
AbbreviationJ. Am. Assoc. Lab. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)1559-6109
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology

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