How to format your references using the Leadership and Management in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leadership and Management in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strasser, B. J. 2003. “Who cares about the double helix?” Nature, 422 (6934): 803–804.
A journal article with 2 authors
Georgiou, G., and L. Masip. 2003. “Biochemistry. An overoxidation journey with a return ticket.” Science, 300 (5619): 592–594.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lishko, P. V., I. L. Botchkina, and Y. Kirichok. 2011. “Progesterone activates the principal Ca2+ channel of human sperm.” Nature, 471 (7338): 387–391.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, J. E., M. L. Fusco, A. J. Hessell, W. B. Oswald, D. R. Burton, and E. O. Saphire. 2008. “Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor.” Nature, 454 (7201): 177–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Quesnel, F. 2014. Scheduling of Large-Scale Virtualized Infrastructures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rocca, J., C. Menoni, and M. Marconi (Eds.). 2016. X-Ray Lasers 2014: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on X-Ray Lasers. Springer Proceedings in Physics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhiyanski, M., A. Gikov, S. Nedkov, P. Dimitrov, and L. Naydenova. 2016. “Mapping Carbon Storage Using Land Cover/Land Use Data in the Area of Beklemeto, Central Balkan.” Sustainable Mountain Regions: Challenges and Perspectives in Southeastern Europe, B. Koulov and G. Zhelezov, eds., 53–65. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leadership and Management in Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2016. “Tasmanian Devil Milk May Be A Source Of New Antibiotics.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Transportation Infrastructure: Cost and Oversight Issues on Major Highway and Bridge Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Husted, C. L. 2008. “Systematic differentiation between Dark and Light Leaders: Is a corporate criminal profile possible?” Doctoral dissertation. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen, T. 2016. “A U.S. Middle-Class Revival, Powered by China.” New York Times, April 15, 2016.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strasser 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Georgiou and Masip 2003; Strasser 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Georgiou and Masip 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLeadership and Management in Engineering
AbbreviationLead.. Manag. Eng.
ISSN (print)1532-6748
ISSN (online)1943-5630
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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