How to format your references using the Leadership and Management in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leadership and Management in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kratky, C. (2013). “A coordinated approach is key for open access.” Nature, 500(7464), 503.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mojzsis, S. J., and Harrison, T. M. (2002). “Origin and significance of Archean quartzose rocks at Akilia, Greenland.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5595), 917; discussion 917.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moreira, D., Le Guyader, H., and Philippe, H. (2000). “The origin of red algae and the evolution of chloroplasts.” Nature, 405(6782), 69–72.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Edwards, M. H., Kurras, G. J., Tolstoy, M., Bohnenstiehl, D. R., Coakley, B. J., and Cochran, J. R. (2001). “Evidence of recent volcanic activity on the ultraslow-spreading Gakkel ridge.” Nature, 409(6822), 808–812.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abu-Jamous, B., Fa, R., and Nandi, A. K. (2015). Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Spink, A., and Jansen, B. J. (Eds.). (2005). Web Search: Public Searching of the Web. Information Science and Knowledge Management, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Bošnački, D., Pronk, T. E., and de Vink, E. P. (2009). “In Silico Modelling and Analysis of Ribosome Kinetics and aa-tRNA Competition.” Transactions on Computational Systems Biology XI, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, C. Priami, R.-J. Back, and I. Petre, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leadership and Management in Engineering.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). “Strange Sighting Of Creepy Turkeys Forming A Marching Circle Around A Dead Cat.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Railroad Financing: Stakeholders’ Views on Recent Changes to the Railroad Rehabilitation and Improvement Financing Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyle, L. L. (2014). “Relationship between managerial responsiveness, managerial approachability, and prosocial voice among acute-care registered nurses.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1993). “Clinton Said to Consider Sending Troops to Bosnia.” New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kratky 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kratky 2013; Mojzsis and Harrison 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mojzsis and Harrison 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Edwards et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleLeadership and Management in Engineering
AbbreviationLead.. Manag. Eng.
ISSN (print)1532-6748
ISSN (online)1943-5630
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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