How to format your references using the Leadership and Management in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leadership and Management in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fischer, R. (2008). “Developmental biology. Sex and poison in the dark.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5882), 1430–1431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greene, C. H., and Pershing, A. J. (2007). “Oceans. Climate drives sea change.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5815), 1084–1085.
A journal article with 3 authors
Appelbaum, I., Huang, B., and Monsma, D. J. (2007). “Electronic measurement and control of spin transport in silicon.” Nature, 447(7142), 295–298.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Haering, C. H., Farcas, A.-M., Arumugam, P., Metson, J., and Nasmyth, K. (2008). “The cohesin ring concatenates sister DNA molecules.” Nature, 454(7202), 297–301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shanmugam, R., and Chattamvelli, R. (2015). Statistics for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
MacDonald, M. B. (Ed.). (2016). Remix and Life Hack in Hip Hop: Towards a Critical Pedagogy of Music. Youth, Media and Culture Series, SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Wadkar, S., and Siddalingaiah, M. (2014). “Hadoop Administration.” Pro Apache Hadoop, M. Siddalingaiah, ed., Apress, Berkeley, CA, 47–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leadership and Management in Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). “If A Solar Plant Uses Natural Gas, Is It Still Green?” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Observations on Management of Department of Education’s Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cannon, C. A. (2017). “Comparison of language arts scores between computerized and teacher differentiation of instruction.” Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Urbina, I. (2015). “Video Captures 4 Murders, but Killers Go Unpunished.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fischer 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fischer 2008; Greene and Pershing 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greene and Pershing 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Haering et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleLeadership and Management in Engineering
AbbreviationLead.. Manag. Eng.
ISSN (print)1532-6748
ISSN (online)1943-5630
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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