How to format your references using the Leadership and Management in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leadership and Management in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, K. 2015. “MICROBIOLOGY. Beyond known methanogens.” Science, 350 (6259): 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vakil, A., and N. Engheta. 2011. “Transformation optics using graphene.” Science, 332 (6035): 1291–1294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maurer, S. M., P. B. Hugenholtz, and H. J. Onsrud. 2001. “Intellectual property. Europe’s database experiment.” Science, 294 (5543): 789–790.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yu, C. Y., X. J. Liu, J. Lu, G. P. Zheng, and C. T. Liu. 2013. “First-principles prediction and experimental verification of glass-forming ability in Zr-Cu binary metallic glasses.” Sci. Rep., 3: 2124.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lowman, M. 2017. A Practical Guide to Analytics for Governments. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Belli, R. F. (Ed.). 2012. True and False Recovered Memories: Toward a Reconciliation of the Debate. Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zbierski, M. 2013. “Iwazaru: The Byzantine Sequencer.” Architecture of Computing Systems – ARCS 2013: 26th International Conference, Prague, Czech Republic, February 19-22, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, H. Kubátová, C. Hochberger, M. Daněk, and B. Sick, eds., 38–49. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leadership and Management in Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017. “New Transgenic Corn Can Guarantee Food Safety For Millions.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. Inquiry Into Possible Computer Processing Problems in School Lunch Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph, S. 2009. “A comprehensive evaluation of a school system’s grow your own principal preparation program.” Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hardy, M. 2017. “Texas Naturalists Also See A Border Wall as a Threat.” New York Times, August 13, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lloyd 2015; Vakil and Engheta 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vakil and Engheta 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleLeadership and Management in Engineering
AbbreviationLead.. Manag. Eng.
ISSN (print)1532-6748
ISSN (online)1943-5630
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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