How to format your references using the Leadership and Management in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leadership and Management in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hengartner, M. O. (2001). “Apoptosis. DNA destroyers.” Nature, 412(6842), 27, 29.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kliebenstein, D. J., and Rowe, H. C. (2009). “Plant science. Anti-rust antitrust.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5919), 1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Babu, M. M., Kriwacki, R. W., and Pappu, R. V. (2012). “Structural biology. Versatility from protein disorder.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6101), 1460–1461.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xia, G., Tan, Y., Li, D., Guo, Z., Liu, H., Liu, Z., and Yu, X. (2014). “Hierarchical porous Li₂Mg(NH)₂@C nanowires with long cycle life towards stable hydrogen storage.” Scientific reports, 4, 6599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Markley, N. G. (2004). Principles of Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Engelhard, M., Hagen, K., and Boysen, M. (Eds.). (2009). Genetic Engineering in Livestock: New Applications and Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Ethics of Science and Technology Assessment, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rossini, A., de Lara, J., Guerra, E., Rutle, A., and Lamo, Y. (2012). “A Graph Transformation-Based Semantics for Deep Metamodelling.” Applications of Graph Transformations with Industrial Relevance: 4th International Symposium, AGTIVE 2011, Budapest, Hungary, October 4-7, 2011, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, A. Schürr, D. Varró, and G. Varró, eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 19–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leadership and Management in Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). “Houseplants could one day power TVs, computers, and more.” IFLScience, IFLScience (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Inquiry About the Research Grant To Develop a Portable Computer To Record Traffic Information for Verifying the Accuracy of Charges for Telecommunications Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavarella, C. A. (2008). “Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college.” Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016). “So Smart (but Truly Vile).” New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hengartner 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hengartner 2001; Kliebenstein and Rowe 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kliebenstein and Rowe 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleLeadership and Management in Engineering
AbbreviationLead.. Manag. Eng.
ISSN (print)1532-6748
ISSN (online)1943-5630
ScopeStrategy and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Civil and Structural Engineering

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