How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Duffy TS. Mineralogy at the extremes. Nature. 2008;451(7176):269-270.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rosenthal Y, Broccoli AJ. Atmospheric science. In search of paleo-ENSO. Science. 2004;304(5668):219-221.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yonezawa H, Aoki T, Furusawa A. Demonstration of a quantum teleportation network for continuous variables. Nature. 2004;431(7007):430-433.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wang X, Xiang Q, Liu B, et al. TiO2 modified FeS nanostructures with enhanced electrochemical performance for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Rouse WB. Universities as Complex Enterprises. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Ferrier P, ed. V(D)J Recombination. Vol 650. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Guerraoui R, Letia M. Disjoint-Access Parallelism Does Not Entail Scalability. In: Noubir G, Raynal M, eds. Networked Systems: Second International Conference, NETYS 2014, Marrakech, Morocco, May 15-17, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2014:41-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. EU Report States More Should Be Done Against Impact Of Extreme Space Weather. IFLScience. Published March 27, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/eu-report-states-more-should-be-done-against-impact-of-extreme-space-weather/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Information Systems Remain Highly Vulnerable to Fraudulent, Wasteful, Abusive, and Illegal Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Lytle SC. Giving voice to the past: New editions of select repertoire of the 26th Regiment Band, North Carolina troops, C.S.A. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hollander S. Everybody Into the Pool. New York Times. November 6, 2002:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0190-9622
ScopeDermatology

Other styles