How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graves JAM. Genomics. Recycling the Y chromosome. Science. 2005;307(5706):50-51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ronald PC, Beutler B. Plant and animal sensors of conserved microbial signatures. Science. 2010;330(6007):1061-1064.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schön JH, Kloc C, Batlogg B. Superconductivity in molecular crystals induced by charge injection. Nature. 2000;406(6797):702-704.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Katzourakis A, Gifford RJ, Tristem M, Gilbert MTP, Pybus OG. Macroevolution of complex retroviruses. Science. 2009;325(5947):1512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Robson Wright M. An Introduction to Chemical Kinetics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Radev D, ed. Puzzles in Logic, Languages and Computation: The Red Book. Vol 1. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Boothby B. Autonomous Attack—Opportunity or Spectre? In: Gill TD, Geiß R, Heinsch R, McCormack T, Paulussen C, Dorsey J, eds. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law 2013. The Hague: T.M.C. Asser Press; 2015:71-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew D. The Cosmic Crime-Scene Hunt For Clues On How Galaxies Are Formed. IFLScience. Published November 3, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Ohio Cable Television Rate Increases, 1986 to Present. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuang S-YH. “And the War Came”: A memorial to devastated lives. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Peter Mullen, Power at a Leading Law Firm, Dies at 83. New York Times. October 19, 2011:B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0190-9622

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