How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Barnard AS. Materials science: nanoscale locomotion without fuel. Nature. 2015;519(7541):37-38.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hayes RA, Feenstra BJ. Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature. 2003;425(6956):383-385.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hahnloser RHR, Kozhevnikov AA, Fee MS. An ultra-sparse code underlies the generation of neural sequences in a songbird. Nature. 2002;419(6902):65-70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Shaw P, Greenstein D, Lerch J, et al. Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents. Nature. 2006;440(7084):676-679.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Carrasco RA, Johnston M. Non-Binary Error Control Coding for Wireless Communication and Data Storage. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Rovenský J, Herold M, Vašáková M, eds. Sine Syndromes in Rheumatology. Vienna: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hunt A, Jiang Y, Zhao Z, Venugopal G. Nanomaterials via NanoSpray Combustion Chemical Vapor Condensation, and Their Electronic Applications. In: Wong CP, Moon K-S, Li Y (grace), eds. Nano-Bio- Electronic, Photonic and MEMS Packaging. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010:139-166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Solving The Mysteries Behind Starling Flocks. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/solving-mysteries-behind-starling-flocks-0/. Published July 29, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: Health Care Financing Administration’s Software Redesign Contract. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gada KK. Numerical analyses of passive and active flow control over a micro air vehicle with an optimized airfoil. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Leg Injury May End Season for Cespedes. New York Times. August 26, 2017:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0190-9622
ScopeDermatology

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