How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harrison T. Anthropology. Apes among the tangled branches of human origins. Science. 2010;327(5965):532-534.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yamaguchi KE, Ohmoto H. Comment on “Iron isotope constraints on the Archean and Paleoproterozoic ocean redox state.” Science. 2006;311(5758):177; author reply 177.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yozwiak NL, Schaffner SF, Sabeti PC. Data sharing: Make outbreak research open access. Nature. 2015;518(7540):477-479.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Choi D, Lee H, Im DJ, et al. Spontaneous electrical charging of droplets by conventional pipetting. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stone R, Gutiérrez-Albilla JD. A Companion to Luis Buñuel. Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Preissl B, Müller J, eds. Governance of Communication Networks: Connecting Societies and Markets with IT. Physica-Verlag HD; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Woodhead I. Modelling Electromagnetic Field Sensors. In: Mukhopadhyay SC, Huang RYM, eds. Sensors: Advancements in Modeling, Design Issues, Fabrication and Practical Applications. Lecture Notes Electrical Engineering. Springer; 2008:61-74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Lessons From Cuba on Eliminating the Transmission of HIV From Mother to Child. IFLScience. Published July 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Agricultural Research and Development and Extension Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Detweiler KR. Exploring Discursive Interaction, Habitus, and Dynamic Co-Emergence Among an Agency Leader and Congressional Oversight Committee: A Case Study of Languaging in Practice. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lambert B, Chang S. After Legal Battle, Nassau Leader Is Re-elected. New York Times. February 11, 2006:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0190-9622

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