How to format your references using the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cruikshank DP. Planetary science. Generating an atmosphere. Science. 2010;330(6012):1755-1756.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Galloway LF, Etterson JR. Transgenerational plasticity is adaptive in the wild. Science. 2007;318(5853):1134-1136.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Rowe TB, Macrini TE, Luo Z-X. Fossil evidence on origin of the mammalian brain. Science. 2011;332(6032):955-957.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Langowski JL, Zhang X, Wu L, et al. IL-23 promotes tumour incidence and growth. Nature. 2006;442(7101):461-465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Avdeef A. Absorption and Drug Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Gomes LT. Fuzzy Differential Equations in Various Approaches. 1st ed. 2015. (Barros LC de, Bede B, eds.). Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Meslé F, Vallin J, Shkolnikov V. Is Mortality Under-Estimated? In: Vallin J, ed. Mortality and Causes of Death in 20th-Century Ukraine. Demographic Research Monographs. Springer Netherlands; 2012:77-88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How To Embrace Technology Without Dooming Humanity To Destruction. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. FAA’s Voice Switching and Control System. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Steiner CP. Three essays in applied microeconomics. Published online 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. Mandela’s Prison Letters Are to Be Published. New York Times. June 27, 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Academy of Dermatology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0190-9622
ScopeDermatology

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