How to format your references using the Critical Studies on Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Studies on Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayer, Jens-Peter. 2007. “All Things Being Equal.” Nature 447 (7142): 352.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freiwald, Winrich A., and Doris Y. Tsao. 2010. “Functional Compartmentalization and Viewpoint Generalization within the Macaque Face-Processing System.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 330 (6005): 845–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Makarieva, Anastassia M., Victor G. Gorshkov, and Bai-Lian Li. 2009. “Comment on ‘Energy Uptake and Allocation during Ontogeny.’” Science (New York, N.Y.) 325 (5945): 1206; author reply 1206.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Xia, Zong-Ping, Lijun Sun, Xiang Chen, Gabriel Pineda, Xiaomo Jiang, Anirban Adhikari, Wenwen Zeng, and Zhijian J. Chen. 2009. “Direct Activation of Protein Kinases by Unanchored Polyubiquitin Chains.” Nature 461 (7260): 114–119.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mohanty, Sanat, and Ranjana Ghosh. 2010. Planning a Scientific Career in Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bellucci, Stefano. 2013. Geometrical Methods for Power Network Analysis. Edited by Bhupendra Nath Tiwari and Neeraj Gupta. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schiefer, H. G., Th Diemer, and W. Weidner. 2007. “Urosepsis.” In Emergencies in Urology, edited by Markus Hohenfellner and Richard A. Santucci, 45–49. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Studies on Terrorism.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Scientists Create 3D, High-Capacity Soft Batteries Using Trees.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1998. Environmental Protection: EPA’s Science and Technology Funds. RCED-99-12. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moon, Molly Minjung. 2009. “The Needs of Korean-American and Korean Families of Children with Disabilities.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman, John. 2016. “Fixation on Fake News Obscures a Waning Trust in Real Reporting.” New York Times, November 19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mayer 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Mayer 2007; Freiwald and Tsao 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freiwald and Tsao 2010)
  • Three authors: (Makarieva, Gorshkov, and Li 2009)
  • 4 or more authors: (Xia et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Studies on Terrorism
AbbreviationCrit. Stud. Terror.
ISSN (print)1753-9153
ISSN (online)1753-9161
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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