How to format your references using the Critical Studies on Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Studies on Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pan, Jiahua. 2012. “From Industrial toward Ecological in China.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6087): 1397.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rella, S. F., and M. Uchida. 2014. “A Southern Ocean Trigger for Northwest Pacific Ventilation during the Holocene?” Scientific Reports 4 (February): 4046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prajeesh, A. G., K. Ashok, and D. V. Bhaskar Rao. 2013. “Falling Monsoon Depression Frequency: A Gray-Sikka Conditions Perspective.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 2989.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Panganiban, Brian, Baofu Qiao, Tao Jiang, Christopher DelRe, Mona M. Obadia, Trung Dac Nguyen, Anton A. A. Smith, et al. 2018. “Random Heteropolymers Preserve Protein Function in Foreign Environments.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 359 (6381): 1239–1243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh, Shaharuddin, Albert Y. Zomaya, Stephan Olariu, and Bahrom Sanugi. 2005. Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tomás-Rodríguez, María. 2010. Linear, Time-Varying Approximations to Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: With Applications in Control and Optimization. Edited by Stephen P. Banks. Vol. 411. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bearden, Carrie E., Anderson Winkler, Katherine H. Karlsgodt, and Robert Bilder. 2016. “Cognitive Phenotypes and Endophenotypes: Concepts and Criteria.” In Neurophenotypes: Advancing Psychiatry and Neuropsychology in the “OMICS” Era, edited by Vinoth Jagaroo and Susan L. Santangelo, 61–80. Innovations in Cognitive Neuroscience. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Studies on Terrorism.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Does Bioenergy Have A Green Energy Future In The US?” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. International Education Programs. 094706. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nakayama, Mari. 2017. “Educational Advocacy for Children in Foster Care: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “Bewildered Rage Over Lives Cut Short.” New York Times, June 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pan 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pan 2012; Rella and Uchida 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rella and Uchida 2014)
  • Three authors: (Prajeesh, Ashok, and Rao 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Panganiban et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Studies on Terrorism
AbbreviationCrit. Stud. Terror.
ISSN (print)1753-9153
ISSN (online)1753-9161
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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