How to format your references using the Critical Studies on Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Studies on Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kohane, Isaac S. 2015. “HEALTH CARE POLICY. Ten Things We Have to Do to Achieve Precision Medicine.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6243): 37–38.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raser, Jonathan M., and Erin K. O’Shea. 2004. “Control of Stochasticity in Eukaryotic Gene Expression.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5678): 1811–1814.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Xiao-Long, Lan-Feng Liu, and Wu-Ming Liu. 2013. “Quantum Anomalous Hall Effect and Tunable Topological States in 3d Transition Metals Doped Silicene.” Scientific Reports 3 (October): 2908.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Grohme, Markus Alexander, Siegfried Schloissnig, Andrei Rozanski, Martin Pippel, George Robert Young, Sylke Winkler, Holger Brandl, et al. 2018. “The Genome of Schmidtea Mediterranea and the Evolution of Core Cellular Mechanisms.” Nature 554 (7690): 56–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Padilla, Evelio. 2015. Substation Automation Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Whitacre, David M., ed. 2010. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 204. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, Continuation of Residue Reviews. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Talreja, Ramesh. 2015. “Analysis of Failure in Composite Structures.” In Failure and Damage Analysis of Advanced Materials, edited by Holm Altenbach and Tomasz Sadowski, 255–278. CISM International Centre for Mechanical Sciences. Vienna: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Studies on Terrorism.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2017. “The Milky Way Is Running Away From An Extragalactic Void.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. ADP Modernization: IRS Needs to Assess Design Alternatives for Its Electronic Filing System. IMTEC-89-33. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, George. 2010. “Effects of At-Home Reading Activities and Parental Involvement on Classroom Communication Arts Assessments: Focus on the High School Level.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, John, and Campbell Robertson. 2017. “New Orleans Looks to Houston, and Sees Itself.” New York Times, August 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kohane 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kohane 2015; Raser and O’Shea 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raser and O’Shea 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Liu, and Liu 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Grohme et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Studies on Terrorism
AbbreviationCrit. Stud. Terror.
ISSN (print)1753-9153
ISSN (online)1753-9161
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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