How to format your references using the Critical Studies on Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Studies on Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, Julie. 2015. “Cannabis: 4 Big Questions.” Nature 525 (7570): S18.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poldrack, Russell A., and Martha J. Farah. 2015. “Progress and Challenges in Probing the Human Brain.” Nature 526 (7573): 371–379.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vais, Horia, J. Kevin Foskett, and Don-On Daniel Mak. 2011. “InsP3R Channel Gating Altered by Clustering?” Nature 478 (7368): E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Rickert, Mathias, Xinquan Wang, Martin J. Boulanger, Natalia Goriatcheva, and K. Christopher Garcia. 2005. “The Structure of Interleukin-2 Complexed with Its Alpha Receptor.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 308 (5727): 1477–1480.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl, Bernhard, Martin Herrenknecht, Ulrich Maidl, and Gerhard Wehrmeyer. 2012. Mechanised Shield Tunnelling. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Grundel, Don, Robert Murphey, Panos Pardalos, and Oleg Prokopyev, eds. 2007. Cooperative Systems: Control and Optimization. Vol. 588. Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke, Sandra. 2016. “From Legacy Regional Language Materials to Public Engagement: The Interactive Online Dialect Atlas of Newfoundland and Labrador.” In Creating and Digitizing Language Corpora: Volume 3: Databases for Public Engagement, edited by Karen P. Corrigan and Adam Mearns, 99–132. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Studies on Terrorism.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Pythons Know Their Way Home.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Homeland Security: Information Technology Funding and Associated Management Issues. GAO-03-250. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jernigan, Marcus Brendon. 2013. “Use of Uprooted Invasive Buffelgrass (Pennisetum Ciliare ) Parent Plants as Thatch to Reduce Progeny Seedling Emergence.” Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kelly, Robert. 1994. “‘Have One Hard Cry. Then Stanch the Grief.’” New York Times, July 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gould 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gould 2015; Poldrack and Farah 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poldrack and Farah 2015)
  • Three authors: (Vais, Foskett, and Mak 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Rickert et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Studies on Terrorism
AbbreviationCrit. Stud. Terror.
ISSN (print)1753-9153
ISSN (online)1753-9161
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

Other styles