How to format your references using the Critical Studies on Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Studies on Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Warren, W. S. 2001. “Nuclear Magnetic Resonance. Multidimensional Symmetry in a Three-Dimensional World.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 294 (5546): 1475–1476.
A journal article with 2 authors
Montpetit, Ben, and Karsten Weis. 2012. “Cell Biology. An Alternative Route for Nuclear MRNP Export by Membrane Budding.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6083): 809–810.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schumacher, M. A., B. K. Hurlburt, and R. G. Brennan. 2001. “Crystal Structures of SarA, a Pleiotropic Regulator of Virulence Genes in S. Aureus.” Nature 409 (6817): 215–219.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Grimm, J. W., B. T. Hope, R. A. Wise, and Y. Shaham. 2001. “Neuroadaptation. Incubation of Cocaine Craving after Withdrawal.” Nature 412 (6843): 141–142.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Petrucelli, Joseph R., and Jonathan R. Peters. 2016. Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Stadler, Marc, and Petra Dersch, eds. 2016. How to Overcome the Antibiotic Crisis: Facts, Challenges, Technologies and Future Perspectives. 1st ed. 2016. Vol. 398. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Machnik, Lisa K., Justin Ewer, and Jonathan Erickson. 2016. “The Use of Spatial Technology in United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Wilderness Recreation Site Surveys.” In Mapping Wilderness: Concepts, Techniques and Applications, edited by Stephen J. Carver and Steffen Fritz, 55–68. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Studies on Terrorism.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2017. “Navy-Trained Dolphins To Help Find And Rescue Endangered Vaquita Porpoises.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Alternative-Fueled Vehicles: Progress Made in Accelerating Federal Purchases, but Benefits and Costs Remain Uncertain. RCED-94-161. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Konggidinata, Mas Iwan. 2017. “Application and Modifications of Ordered Mesoporous Carbon (OMC) for BTEX Removal: Characterization, Adsorption Mechanisms, and Kinetic Studies.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George. 2010. “Faces Change for Yanks, but Postseason Focus Doesn’t.” New York Times, October 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Warren 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Warren 2001; Montpetit and Weis 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Montpetit and Weis 2012)
  • Three authors: (Schumacher, Hurlburt, and Brennan 2001)
  • 4 or more authors: (Grimm et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Studies on Terrorism
AbbreviationCrit. Stud. Terror.
ISSN (print)1753-9153
ISSN (online)1753-9161
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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