How to format your references using the Critical Studies on Terrorism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Critical Studies on Terrorism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butterfield, N. J. 2011. “Paleontology. Terminal Developments in Ediacaran Embryology.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 334 (6063): 1655–1656.
A journal article with 2 authors
Huybers, Peter, and Carl Wunsch. 2005. “Obliquity Pacing of the Late Pleistocene Glacial Terminations.” Nature 434 (7032): 491–494.
A journal article with 3 authors
Morford, Scott L., Benjamin Z. Houlton, and Randy A. Dahlgren. 2011. “Increased Forest Ecosystem Carbon and Nitrogen Storage from Nitrogen Rich Bedrock.” Nature 477 (7362): 78–81.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Antkowiak, Maciej, Maria Leilani Torres-Mapa, Emily C. Witts, Gareth B. Miles, Kishan Dholakia, and Frank J. Gunn-Moore. 2013. “Fast Targeted Gene Transfection and Optogenetic Modification of Single Neurons Using Femtosecond Laser Irradiation.” Scientific Reports 3 (November): 3281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory, Jon. 2014. Central Counterparties. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Saha, Sujoy Kumar. 2015. Critical Heat Flux in Flow Boiling in Microchannels. Edited by Gian Piero Celata. SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bittsánszky, András, Gábor Gullner, Gábor Gyulai, and Tamas Komives. 2011. “A Case Study: Uptake and Accumulation of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Cucurbitaceae Species.” In Organic Xenobiotics and Plants: From Mode of Action to Ecophysiology, edited by Peter Schröder and Christopher D. Collins, 77–85. Plant Ecophysiology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Critical Studies on Terrorism.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Polish Man Becomes First Person Born Without A Hand To Receive A Transplant.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Magellan Mission to Venus. NSIAD-88-130FS. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pena, Homero. 2017. “Long-Term Effects of Post-Fire Forest Structure on Understory Vegetation in Larch Forests of the Siberian Arctic.” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. “Justices Hint That They’ll Rule On Challenge Filed by Detainee.” New York Times, March 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Butterfield 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Butterfield 2011; Huybers and Wunsch 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Huybers and Wunsch 2005)
  • Three authors: (Morford, Houlton, and Dahlgren 2011)
  • 4 or more authors: (Antkowiak et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCritical Studies on Terrorism
AbbreviationCrit. Stud. Terror.
ISSN (print)1753-9153
ISSN (online)1753-9161
ScopePolitical Science and International Relations

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