How to format your references using the Cirujano General citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirujano General. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball P. Water: water--an enduring mystery. Nature. 2008 Mar 20;452(7185):291–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rouyer F, Chatterjee A. Circadian clocks: A receptor for subtle temperature changes. Nature. 2015 Nov 26;527(7579):449–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grunwald R, Elsaesser T, Bock M. Spatio-temporal coherence mapping of few-cycle vortex pulses. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 21;4:7148.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bale R, Hao M, Bhalla APS, Patel N, Patankar NA. Gray’s paradox: a fluid mechanical perspective. Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 31;4:5904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene A. Keene on the Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Ganguly S, Krishnamurti R, editors. Algorithms and Discrete Applied Mathematics: First International Conference, CALDAM 2015, Kanpur, India, February 8-10, 2015. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XVI, 300 p. 91 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8959).
A chapter in an edited book
Cho YJ, Park C, Rassias TM, Saadati R. Stability of Functional Inequalities in Banach Algebras. In: Park C, Rassias TM, Saadati R, editors. Stability of Functional Equations in Banach Algebras. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 165–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirujano General.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 9 High-Paying, Entry-Level Jobs Companies Are Hiring For Like Crazy Right Now [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Additional Cost Transparency and Design Criteria Needed for National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Mar. Report No.: GAO-11-364R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Metcalfe AC. Using Evolution as a Context for Teaching the Nature of Science to Diverse Student Populations: A High School Unit of Curriculum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Rule on Retroactivity of Decisions. New York Times. 2008 Feb 21;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirujano General
ISSN (print)1405-0099

Other styles