How to format your references using the Cirujano General citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirujano General. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon J. Science careers. From greener production to carbon trading: sustainable energy careers. Science. 2007 Feb 9;315(5813):868–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Praetorius SK, Mix AC. Paleoclimate. Synchronization of North Pacific and Greenland climates preceded abrupt deglacial warming. Science. 2014 Jul 25;345(6195):444–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parker HJ, Bronner ME, Krumlauf R. A Hox regulatory network of hindbrain segmentation is conserved to the base of vertebrates. Nature. 2014 Oct 23;514(7523):490–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Taniguchi-Ikeda M, Kobayashi K, Kanagawa M, Yu C-C, Mori K, Oda T, et al. Pathogenic exon-trapping by SVA retrotransposon and rescue in Fukuyama muscular dystrophy. Nature. 2011 Oct 5;478(7367):127–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumacheva E, Garstecki P. Microfluidic Reactors for Polymer Particles. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Fink A, Rothlauf F, editors. Advances in Computational Intelligence in Transport, Logistics, and Supply Chain Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XII, 278 p. 91 illus. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 144).
A chapter in an edited book
Sadler DR. Transforming Holistic Assessment and Grading into a Vehicle for Complex Learning. In: Joughin G, editor. Assessment, Learning and Judgement in Higher Education. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 1–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirujano General.

Blog post
Hale T. Is Radiation From Your Mobile Phone Killing Your Sperm? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Use of Consultants by NASA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Nov. Report No.: B-168033.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brister MH. Attitudes of agriscience teachers, counselors, administrators, and students toward selected agriscience programs in Mississippi [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J. Male Cuttlefish Tangle in Rare Physical Conflict. New York Times. 2017 May 5;D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirujano General
ISSN (print)1405-0099

Other styles