How to format your references using the Cirujano General citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirujano General. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bally J. Astrophysics: Mystery survivor of a supermassive black hole. Nature. 2015 Aug 20;524(7565):301–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bellwood DR, Hughes TP. Regional-scale assembly rules and biodiversity of coral reefs. Science. 2001 May 25;292(5521):1532–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
White LE, Coppola DM, Fitzpatrick D. The contribution of sensory experience to the maturation of orientation selectivity in ferret visual cortex. Nature. 2001 Jun 28;411(6841):1049–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fischer MB, Roeckl C, Parizek P, Schwarz HP, Aguzzi A. Binding of disease-associated prion protein to plasminogen. Nature. 2000 Nov 23;408(6811):479–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Attoh-Okine NO. Big Data and Differential Privacy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Rosales JC. Numerical Semigroups. First. García-Sánchez PA, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2009. IX, 181 p. 7 illus. (Developments in Mathematics, Diophantine Approximation: Festschrift for Wolfgang Schmidt; vol. 20).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blondin M, McKenzie P. The Complexity of Intersecting Finite Automata Having Few Final States. In: Hirsch EA, Karhumäki J, Lepistö A, Prilutskii M, editors. Computer Science – Theory and Applications: 7th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2012, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, July 3-7, 2012 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 31–42. (Hutchison D, Kanade T, Kittler J, Kleinberg JM, Mattern F, Mitchell JC, et al., editors. Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirujano General.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Take College And University Courses Online Completely Free [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/take-college-and-university-courses-online-completely-free/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Large Programs May Consume Increasing Share of Limited Future Budgets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Sep. Report No.: NSIAD-92-278.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith AP. The Leadership Potential of School Librarians [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K. Big Little Snacks. New York Times. 2006 May 14;NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirujano General
ISSN (print)1405-0099
Scope

Other styles