How to format your references using the Cirujano General citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirujano General. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goodman S. University challenge Paris. Nature. 2003 Apr 10;422(6932):644–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gronewold AD, Stow CA. Environment. Water loss from the Great Lakes. Science. 2014 Mar 7;343(6175):1084–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang H, Ma Z, Liu JF. Equilibrium spin current in graphene with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. Sci Rep. 2014 Sep 24;4:6464.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
France K, McCray R, Heng K, Kirshner RP, Challis P, Bouchet P, et al. Observing supernova 1987A with the refurbished Hubble Space Telescope. Science. 2010 Sep 24;329(5999):1624–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doyle JF. Modern Experimental Stress Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Bonnard B, Chyba M, editors. Recent Advances in Celestial and Space Mechanics. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. IX, 302 p. 218 illus., 68 illus. in color. (Mathematics for Industry; vol. 23).
A chapter in an edited book
Gisbertz SS, Straatman J, Cuesta MA. General Principles of Recognition of Major Complications Following Surgery of the Digestive Tract. In: Cuesta MA, Bonjer HJ, editors. Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery. London: Springer; 2014. p. 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirujano General.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. New Crew Arrives At The International Space Station [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: FAA’s Actions to Study Responsibilities and Funding for Airport Security and to Certify Screening Companies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 Feb. Report No.: RCED-99-53.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dennard B. The Impact of Racial Centrality on Authenticity and the Race-Based Impression Management Strategies of Black Management Consultants [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman J. A Deep Dive for Living Treasure. New York Times. 2017 Mar 27;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirujano General
ISSN (print)1405-0099

Other styles