How to format your references using the Cirujano General citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirujano General. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moses M. Being human: engineering: worldwide ebb. Nature. 2009 Feb 5;457(7230):660–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gottlieb RA, Bernstein D. METABOLISM. Mitochondria shape cardiac metabolism. Science. 2015 Dec 4;350(6265):1162–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Labidi J, Cartigny P, Moreira M. Non-chondritic sulphur isotope composition of the terrestrial mantle. Nature. 2013 Sep 12;501(7466):208–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Knutti R, Stocker TF, Joos F, Plattner GK. Constraints on radiative forcing and future climate change from observations and climate model ensembles. Nature. 2002 Apr 18;416(6882):719–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards J. Telecosmos. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
Rogers JC III, Lamb CW Jr, editors. Proceedings of the 1983 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXVI, 638 p. (Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science).
A chapter in an edited book
Guzman MI. Abiotic Photosynthesis: From Prebiotic Chemistry to Metabolism. In: Egel R, Lankenau DH, Mulkidjanian AY, editors. Origins of Life: The Primal Self-Organization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 85–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirujano General.

Blog post
Hale T. Hundreds Of Laboratory-Riased Chimpanzees Are About To Experience Freedom For The First Time [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Savings Possible by Buying Automatic Data Processing Equipment or by Leasing It From Commercial Leasing Firms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1970 Nov. Report No.: B-114829.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williams EC. Smart Packaging: A Novel Technique For Localized Drug Delivery For Ovarian Cancer [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. ‘Oslo’ Gets a Bump At the Box Office. New York Times. 2017 Jun 19;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirujano General
ISSN (print)1405-0099

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