How to format your references using the Cirujano General citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cirujano General. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Qiu J. China tightens up. Nature. 2007 Aug 9;448(7154):636–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Romanov-Michailidis F, Rovis T. Organic chemistry: Natural polarity inverted. Nature. 2015 Jul 23;523(7561):417–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dietz H, Douglas SM, Shih WM. Folding DNA into twisted and curved nanoscale shapes. Science. 2009 Aug 7;325(5941):725–30.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Kemper C, Chan AC, Green JM, Brett KA, Murphy KM, Atkinson JP. Activation of human CD4+ cells with CD3 and CD46 induces a T-regulatory cell 1 phenotype. Nature. 2003 Jan 23;421(6921):388–92.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Darbyshire P, Hampton D. Hedge Fund Modelling and Analysis Using MATLAB ®. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Andersson ÅE, Pettersson L, Strömquist U, editors. European Metropolitan Housing Markets. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. VI, 363 p. 139 illus. (Advances in Spatial Science).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Singhal V, Aggarwal P. Using Coverage to Deploy Formal Verification in a Simulation World. In: Gopalakrishnan G, Qadeer S, editors. Computer Aided Verification: 23rd International Conference, CAV 2011, Snowbird, UT, USA, July 14-20, 2011 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 44–9. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cirujano General.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Physicists Directly Detect Neutrinos From Sun’s Core [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/physicists-directly-detect-neutrinos-suns-core/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Drug Education: Rural Programs Have Many Components and Most Rely Heavily on Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: HRD-92-34.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Momcheva IG. Environments of strong gravitational lenses [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B. Cowboys Have It All (Including, Somehow, a Losing Record). New York Times. 2017 Oct 9;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCirujano General
ISSN (print)1405-0099
Scope

Other styles