How to format your references using the The New Zealand Medical Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The New Zealand Medical Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Balents L. Spin liquids in frustrated magnets. Nature. 2010 Mar 11;464(7286):199–208.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
de Wit J, Seager S. Constraining exoplanet mass from transmission spectroscopy. Science. 2013 Dec 20;342(6165):1473–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Merlin C, Gegear RJ, Reppert SM. Antennal circadian clocks coordinate sun compass orientation in migratory monarch butterflies. Science. 2009 Sep 25;325(5948):1700–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Parasoglou P, Xia D, Chang G, Regatte RR. Three-dimensional saturation transfer 31P-MRI in muscles of the lower leg at 3.0 T. Sci Rep. 2014 Jun 9;4:5219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schrör K. Acetylsalicylic Acid. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Hou Z, editor. Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation in Electrical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. XIV, 526 p. (Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering; vol. 135).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lu C, Mai Y-W, Shen Y-G. The Origin of Superhardness in Nanocomposite Coatings: Analysis of Nanoindentation and Scratch Tests. In: Bai YL, Zheng QS, Wei YG, editors. IUTAM Symposium on Mechanical Behavior and Micro-Mechanics of Nanostructured Materials: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium held in Beijing, China, June 27–30, 2005. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. p. 39–49. (Solid Mechanics and its Applications).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The New Zealand Medical Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Our Cars Are Killing Us – So How Do We Wean Ourselves Off Them? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/our-cars-are-killing-us-so-how-do-we-wean-ourselves-them/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Coast Guard: Clarifying the Application of Guidance for Common Operational Picture Development Would Strengthen Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Apr. Report No.: GAO-13-321.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Slotnick A. Status symbols in triathlete culture [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Pondering Curses at Chavez Ravine. New York Times. 2012 Apr 8;SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe New Zealand Medical Journal
ISSN (print)0028-8446
ISSN (online)1175-8716
Scope

Other styles