How to format your references using the Lab Animal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lab Animal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Owens, B. Melanoma. Nature 515, S109 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wehr, M. & Zador, A. M. Balanced inhibition underlies tuning and sharpens spike timing in auditory cortex. Nature 426, 442–446 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Qian, H., Wang, X. & Zhang, Y. Comment on ‘Disentangling the drivers of β diversity along latitudinal and elevational gradients’. Science 335, 1573; author reply 1573 (2012).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Chunyu, T., Xiujun, P., Zhengjun, F., Xia, Z. & Feihu, Z. Corneal collagen cross-linking in keratoconus: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. 4, 5652 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mindham, C. N. Roof Construction and Loft Conversion. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2008).
An edited book
1.
Knowledge Discovery and Emergent Complexity in Bioinformatics: First International Workshop, KDECB 2006, Ghent, Belgium, May 10, 2006. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 4366 (Springer, 2007).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Furbach, U. & Schon, C. Deontic Logic for Human Reasoning. in Advances in Knowledge Representation, Logic Programming, and Abstract Argumentation: Essays Dedicated to Gerhard Brewka on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday (eds. Eiter, T., Strass, H., Truszczyński, M. & Woltran, S.) 63–80 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lab Animal.

Blog post
1.
Andrews, R. Check Out This Great Footage Of Space Junk ‘WT1190F’ Burning Up In Atmosphere. IFLScience (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The Requirements Determination Process Can Be Improved at NASA’s Langley Research Center. (1982).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cornelius, D. A. The value of Scrum to organizations: A case study. (University of Phoenix, 2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bilton, N. All Is Fair in Love and Twitter. New York Times MM22 (2013).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleLab Animal
AbbreviationLab Anim. (NY)
ISSN (print)0093-7355
ISSN (online)1548-4475
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

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