How to format your references using the Lab Animal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Lab Animal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lubensky, T. C. LIQUID CRYSTALS: New Banana Phases. Science 288, 2146–2147 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
Ricklefs, R. E. & Renner, S. S. Global correlations in tropical tree species richness and abundance reject neutrality. Science 335, 464–467 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
Scarola, V. W., Park, K. & Jain, J. K. Cooper instability of composite fermions. Nature 406, 863–865 (2000).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Karoly, D. J. et al. Detection of a human influence on North American climate. Science 302, 1200–1203 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Straus, S. E. & Sackett, D. L. Mentorship in Academic Medicine. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2013).
An edited book
Agent-Mediated Electronic Commerce. Designing Trading Agents and Mechanisms: AAMAS 2005 Workshop, AMEC 2005, Utrecht, Netherlands, July 25, 2005, and IJCAI 2005 Workshop, TADA 2005, Edinburgh, UK, August 1, 2005, Selected and Revised Papers. vol. 3937 (Springer, 2006).
A chapter in an edited book
Agoshkov, V. I., Kamenschikov, L. P., Karepova, E. D. & Shaidurov, V. V. Numerical Solution of Some Direct and Inverse Mathematical Problems for Tidal Flows. in Computational Science and High Performance Computing III: The 3rd Russian-German Advanced Research Workshop, Novosibirsk, Russia, July 23 - 27, 2007 (eds. Krause, E., Shokin, Y. I., Resch, M. & Shokina, N.) 31–43 (Springer, 2008).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Lab Animal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. It’s Time To Fix Our Outdated Guidelines For Human Vaccine Trials. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Nanotechnology: Improved Performance Information Needed for Environmental, Health, and Safety Research. (2012).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Burnley, T. Psychotherapist as Modern-Day Shaman. (Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Muscovites Replace ‘This Old House’ With ‘Changing Rooms’. New York Times 92 (2003).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleLab Animal
AbbreviationLab Anim. (NY)
ISSN (print)0093-7355
ISSN (online)1548-4475
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Veterinary

Other styles