How to format your references using the Irish Journal of Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Irish Journal of Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Althorpe SC (2010) Chemistry. Setting the trap for reactive resonances. Science 327:1460–1461
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hellmann H, Estelle M (2002) Plant development: regulation by protein degradation. Science 297:793–797
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Albert R, Jeong H, Barabasi AL (2000) Error and attack tolerance of complex networks. Nature 406:378–382
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Murtra P, Sheasby AM, Hunt SP, De Felipe C (2000) Rewarding effects of opiates are absent in mice lacking the receptor for substance P. Nature 405:180–183

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ghavami M, Michael LB, Kohno R (2006) Ultra Wideband Signals and Systems in Communication Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Borangiu T, Thomas A, Trentesaux D (2013) Service Orientation in Holonic and Multi Agent Manufacturing and Robotics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Riboni D, Bettini C (2009) Context-Aware Activity Recognition through a Combination of Ontological and Statistical Reasoning. In: Zhang D, Portmann M, Tan A-H, Indulska J (eds) Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing: 6th International Conference, UIC 2009, Brisbane, Australia, July 7-9, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Irish Journal of Medical Science.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2015) Galactic Satellite Could Provide First Clean Dark Matter Signal. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/galactic-satellite-could-provide-first-clean-dark-matter-signal/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1979) Women in the Workplace: An Annotated Bibliography. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Thornsberry JL (2010) Freshman transition and its effectiveness on student success as measured by improved attendance, improved grades, decreased discipline referrals, and decreased dropout rate. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Burghardt LF (2006) Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times 14WC7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIrish Journal of Medical Science
AbbreviationIr. J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-1265
ISSN (online)1863-4362
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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