How to format your references using the Case Reports in Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Sykes MV: Planetary science. The planet debate continues. Science 2008;319:1765.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Nestler EJ, Landsman D: Learning about addiction from the genome. Nature 2001;409:834–835.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Koskinen MT, Haugen TO, Primmer CR: Contemporary fisherian life-history evolution in small salmonid populations. Nature 2002;419:826–830.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Jancke D, Chavane F, Naaman S, Grinvald A: Imaging cortical correlates of illusion in early visual cortex. Nature 2004;428:423–426.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Flynn JR: How to Improve Your Mind. Oxford, UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
An edited book
1
Davis J, Ramon J (eds): Inductive Logic Programming: 24th International Conference, ILP 2014, Nancy, France, September 14-16, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
An G, Kim K: Real-Time IP Checking and Packet Marking for Preventing ND-DoS Attack Employing Fake Source IP in IPv6 LAN; in Rong C, Jaatun MG, Sandnes FE, Yang LT, Ma J (eds): Autonomic and Trusted Computing: 5th International Conference, ATC 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 23-25, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2008, pp 36–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E: Strange Tale Of Fish Eye Evolution Shows How New Species Could Be Born. IFLScience 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/strange-tale-fish-eye-evolution-shows-how-new-species-could-be-born/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office: Transportation Security: Federal Action Needed to Help Address Security Challenges. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Sanghvi AM: Characterization of algal biomeal for applications in food 2009;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Feeney K: That General-Store Feeling. New York Times 2010;NJ14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Ophthalmology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (online)1663-2699
ScopeOphthalmology

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