How to format your references using the Journal of Symbolic Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Symbolic Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rakic, P., 2006. Neuroscience. No more cortical neurons for you. Science 313, 928–929.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zampieri, N., Chao, M.V., 2004. Structural biology. The p75 NGF receptor exposed. Science 304, 833–834.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peumans, P., Uchida, S., Forrest, S.R., 2003. Efficient bulk heterojunction photovoltaic cells using small-molecular-weight organic thin films. Nature 425, 158–162.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deng, W., Xu, B., Hu, H., Li, J., Hu, W., Song, S., Feng, Z., Fan, C., 2013. Diagnosis of schistosomiasis japonica with interfacial co-assembly-based multi-channel electrochemical immunosensor arrays. Sci. Rep. 3, 1789.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tolin, D.F., Worden, B.L., Wootton, B.M., Gilliam, C.M., 2017. CBT for Hoarding Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Liu, H., Kubota, N., Zhu, X., Dillmann, R., Zhou, D. (Eds.), 2015. Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 8th International Conference, ICIRA 2015, Portsmouth, UK, August 24-27, 2015, Proceedings, Part III, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Dodson, J., 2012. Climate Change Through Time, in: Talent, J.A. (Ed.), Earth and Life: Global Biodiversity, Extinction Intervals and Biogeographic Perturbations Through Time. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Symbolic Computation.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Could We One Day Heal The Mind By Taking Control Of Our Dreams? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: FDA Needs to Establish Key Plans and Processes for Guiding Systems Modernization Efforts (No. GAO-09-523). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jin, H., 2014. Periodic Motions and Bifurcation Tree in a Periodically Excited Duffing Oscillator with Time-delay (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., Smale, A., 2017. Foreign Leaders Lament U.S. Withdrawal, but Say It Won’t Stop Climate Effort. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rakic, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Rakic, 2006; Zampieri and Chao, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zampieri and Chao, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Deng et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Symbolic Computation
AbbreviationJ. Symb. Comput.
ISSN (print)0747-7171
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory
Computational Mathematics

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