How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shlesinger, M. F. (2000). Statistical mechanics. Exploring phase space. Nature, 405(6783), 135, 137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolff, J. O., & Gorb, S. N. (2013). Radial arrangement of Janus-like setae permits friction control in spiders. Scientific Reports, 3, 1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schenk, P., Matsuyama, I., & Nimmo, F. (2008). True polar wander on Europa from global-scale small-circle depressions. Nature, 453(7193), 368–371.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Furtenbacher, T., Arendás, P., Mellau, G., & Császár, A. G. (2014). Simple molecules as complex systems. Scientific Reports, 4, 4654.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cicek, V., & Al-Numan, B. (2011). Corrosion Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Forth, S., Hovland, P., Phipps, E., Utke, J., & Walther, A. (Eds.). (2012). Recent Advances in Algorithmic Differentiation (Vol. 87). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Asiki, A., Tsoumakos, D., & Koziris, N. (2012). A DHT-Based System for the Management of Loosely Structured, Multidimensional Data. In A. Hameurlain, J. Küng, R. Wagner, S. W. Liddle, K.-D. Schewe, & X. Zhou (Eds.), Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems VI: Special Issue on Database- and Expert-Systems Applications (pp. 134–166). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Communication.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 1). King Tutankhamun’s Dagger Was Literally Out Of This World. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). ADP Planning: Allegations of Inadequate Procurements at the National Archives (IMTEC-88-34). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner, K. A. (2010). Evaluation of admissions criteria and practices with regards to successful online learning styles and characteristics [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, October 2). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: News Analysis; The Center of Attention. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shlesinger, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Shlesinger, 2000; Wolff & Gorb, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolff & Gorb, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Schenk et al., 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Furtenbacher et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Communication
AbbreviationChin. J. Commun.
ISSN (print)1754-4750
ISSN (online)1754-4769

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