How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, K. (2010). Treatment frontiers. Nature, 466(7310), S15-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Losos, J. B., & Pringle, R. M. (2011). Competition, predation and natural selection in island lizards. Nature, 475(7355), E1-2; discussion E3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansell, D. A., Kadko, D., & Bates, N. R. (2004). Degradation of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon in the western Arctic Ocean. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5672), 858–861.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, L., Wu, T., Guo, Y., Zhao, Y., Sun, X., Wen, Y., … Liu, Y. (2013). Large-area, flexible imaging arrays constructed by light-charge organic memories. Scientific Reports, 3, 1080.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyer, M. D. (2016). Transportation Planning Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kolvekar, S., & Pilegaard, H. (Eds.). (2016). Chest Wall Deformities and Corrective Procedures. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Motreanu, D., Motreanu, V. V., & Papageorgiou, N. (2014). Variational Principles and Critical Point Theory. In V. V. Motreanu & N. Papageorgiou (Eds.), Topological and Variational Methods with Applications to Nonlinear Boundary Value Problems (pp. 97–139). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Communication.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 25). Mystery Of Belgian King’s Blood Finally Solved After 80 Years. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Decision To Close the Sacramento Loan Guaranty Office and Planned Study of Other Loan Guaranty Operations (No. HRD-80-16). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Niedringhaus, B. (2012). Best Practice in Early Reading Intervention: Implementing a Reading Intervention Program to Reach Below Level Readers (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2017, April 11). Ancient Guano Reveals a Tale of Penguins Devastated by Volcanoes. New York Times, p. A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woo, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Deschamps, 2004; Kemp, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Losos & Pringle, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Hansell, Kadko, & Bates, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Communication
AbbreviationChin. J. Commun.
ISSN (print)1754-4750
ISSN (online)1754-4769

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