How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Communication citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Communication. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller, J. S. (2007). Obituary: Donald E. Osterbrock (1924-2007). Nature, 446(7138), 870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiss, H., & Bradley, R. S. (2001). Archaeology. What drives societal collapse? Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5504), 609–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, C.-Y. T., Poo, M.-M., & Dan, Y. (2009). Burst spiking of a single cortical neuron modifies global brain state. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5927), 643–646.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Tsai, H.-C., Zhang, F., Adamantidis, A., Stuber, G. D., Bonci, A., de Lecea, L., & Deisseroth, K. (2009). Phasic firing in dopaminergic neurons is sufficient for behavioral conditioning. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5930), 1080–1084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bays, D. H. (2011). A New History of Christianity in China. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Petkov, V. (Ed.). (2010). Space, Time, and Spacetime: Physical and Philosophical Implications of Minkowski’s Unification of Space and Time (Vol. 167). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Irisarri, C. (2015). Malunion/Nonunion of the Digits. In I. A. Trail & A. N. M. Fleming (Eds.), Disorders of the Hand: Volume 2: Hand Reconstruction and Nerve Compression (pp. 97–113). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Communication.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 22). Company Claims To Have Developed Working Hoverboard. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Airport Finance: Preliminary Analysis Indicates Proposed Changes in the Airport Improvement Program May Not Resolve Funding Needs for Smaller Airports (GAO-07-617T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Russo, R. A. (2009). Using a socio -cultural framework to evaluate farmland preservation policy success in Maryland [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey, M., Vlasic, B., & Walsh, M. W. (2013, December 3). Detroit Ruling Lifts a Shield on Pensions. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Miller, 2007; Weiss & Bradley, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiss & Bradley, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Li et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Tsai et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Communication
AbbreviationChin. J. Commun.
ISSN (print)1754-4750
ISSN (online)1754-4769

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