How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Behnia K (2008) Physics. Elemental complexity. Science 321:497–498
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Feinberg EH, Hunter CP (2003) Transport of dsRNA into cells by the transmembrane protein SID-1. Science 301:1545–1547
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Powell A, Shennan S, Thomas MG (2009) Late Pleistocene demography and the appearance of modern human behavior. Science 324:1298–1301
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Qiu M, Sun K, Jin J, et al (2014) Properties of the plant- and manure-derived biochars and their sorption of dibutyl phthalate and phenanthrene. Sci Rep 4:5295

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Al-Shuhail AA, Al-Dossary SA, Mousa WA (2017) Seismic Data Interpretation using Digital Image Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Johnson BC, Faill DK (2015) Glee and New Directions for Social Change. SensePublishers, Rotterdam
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lapidus ML, van Frankenhuijsen M (2013) Explicit Formulas for Generalized Fractal Strings. In: van Frankenhuijsen M (ed) Fractal Geometry, Complex Dimensions and Zeta Functions: Geometry and Spectra of Fractal Strings. Springer, New York, NY, pp 137–178

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Parasitoid Wasp Gives Ladybirds A Virus That Turns Them Into A Zombie Bodyguard. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/parasitoid-wasp-gives-ladybirds-virus-turns-them-zombie-bodyguard/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2010) Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ruiz-Resto JV (2016) The Effects of Technical and Imagery-based Instruction on Aspiring Performing Artists’ Acquisition of Learning Newly Composed Pieces and Improvisation and on Listeners’ Perceived Expressivity. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Scott M (2017) Google Is Fined $2.7 Billion for Crowding Out European Rivals. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Metallurgy
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Met.
ISSN (print)2199-3823
ISSN (online)2199-3831
Scope

Other styles