How to format your references using the Journal of Construction Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, Q. 2013. “Nuclear safety lies in greater transparency.” Nature, 494 (7438): 403.
A journal article with 2 authors
Muijres, F. T., and M. H. Dickinson. 2014. “Bird flight: Fly with a little flap from your friends.” Nature, 505 (7483): 295–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Nions, K., R. Pitman, and C. Marsh. 2002. “Science of nuclear warheads.” Nature, 415 (6874): 853–857.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marti, M., R. T. Good, M. Rug, E. Knuepfer, and A. F. Cowman. 2004. “Targeting malaria virulence and remodeling proteins to the host erythrocyte.” Science, 306 (5703): 1930–1933.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hecht, J. 2008. Understanding Lasers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ulber, R., and Y. L. Gal (Eds.). 2005. Marine Biotechnology II. Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Neubauer, M., S. Oppl, C. Stary, and G. Weichhart. 2013. “Facilitating Knowledge Transfer in IANES - A Transactive Memory Approach.” Innovation through Knowledge Transfer 2012, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, R. J. Howlett, B. Gabrys, K. Musial-Gabrys, and J. Roach, eds., 39–50. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. “Zoo Animal Jam Sessions Provide Enrichment.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1996. [Comments on NTSB Employee’s Claim for TQSE]. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cummins, K. 2015. “A Mixed Methods Study on The Leader in Me Process: How Does Fostering Student Leadership Capacity Influence Behavior, Efficacy, and Achievement?” Doctoral dissertation. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. 2010. “A Bag That Says ‘Beach Day!’” New York Times, July 29, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Muijres and Dickinson 2014; Wang 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Muijres and Dickinson 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Marti et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
AbbreviationJ. Constr. Eng. Manag.
ISSN (print)0733-9364
ISSN (online)1943-7862
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles