How to format your references using the Journal of Construction Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A. 2015. “Animal behaviour: Come mate with me.” Nature, 526 (7572): S8-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rauch, W., and M. Kleidorfer. 2014. “Water treatment. Replace contamination, not the pipes.” Science, 345 (6198): 734–735.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chung, K., C.-H. Lee, and G.-C. Yi. 2010. “Transferable GaN layers grown on ZnO-coated graphene layers for optoelectronic devices.” Science, 330 (6004): 655–657.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Si, M. S., J. Y. Li, D. Z. Yang, D. S. Xue, and G. P. Zhang. 2014. “Crystal-momentum dispersion of ultrafast spin change in fcc Co.” Sci. Rep., 4: 5010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Durbin, P. A., and B. A. P. Reif. 2010. Statistical Theory and Modeling for Turbulent Flows. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Wiedijk, F. (Ed.). 2006. The Seventeen Provers of the World: Foreword by Dana S. Scott. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Luersen, M. A., and R. H. Lopez. 2013. “A Genetic Algorithm for Optimization of Hybrid Laminated Composite Plates.” Optimization of Structures and Components, Advanced Structured Materials, P. A. Muñoz-Rojas, ed., 49–71. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. “Meet The Glow-In-The-Dark Shark.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Regulatory Programs: Opportunities to Enhance Oversight of the Real Estate Appraisal Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lu, W.-Y. 2012. “The performance practice of Buddhist baiqi in contemporary Taiwan.” Doctoral dissertation. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, K. P. 2006. “Workers Warm to Contract Jobs.” New York Times, January 22, 2006.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Maxmen 2015; Rauch and Kleidorfer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rauch and Kleidorfer 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Si et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
AbbreviationJ. Constr. Eng. Manag.
ISSN (print)0733-9364
ISSN (online)1943-7862
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles