How to format your references using the Journal of Construction Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kanamori, H. (2008). “Earthquake physics and real-time seismology.” Nature, 451(7176), 271–273.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gruber, N., and Galloway, J. N. (2008). “An Earth-system perspective of the global nitrogen cycle.” Nature, 451(7176), 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Q., Geng, Y., and Sicinski, P. (2001). “Specific protection against breast cancers by cyclin D1 ablation.” Nature, 411(6841), 1017–1021.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Soden, B. J., Jackson, D. L., Ramaswamy, V., Schwarzkopf, M. D., and Huang, X. (2005). “The radiative signature of upper tropospheric moistening.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5749), 841–844.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary, S. A. (2009). Mastering Financial Accounting Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bone, L. B., and Mamczak, C. N. (Eds.). (2014). Front Line Extremity and Orthopaedic Surgery: A Practical Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bajd, T., Mihelj, M., Lenarčič, J., Stanovnik, A., and Munih, M. (2010). “Two-segment robot manipulator.” Robotics, M. Mihelj, J. Lenarcic, A. Stanovnik, and M. Munih, eds., Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 33–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016). “Distant Exoplanets Around Other Stars More Likely To Be Ice Giants Like Neptune.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Education Programs: Major Issues Affecting Postsecondary Education, School-to-Work, and Youth Employment Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oparnica, D. (2013). “The role of nurses in health care reform: A project report.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2002). “36 Hours | Saratoga, N.Y.” New York Times, F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kanamori 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gruber and Galloway 2008; Kanamori 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gruber and Galloway 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Soden et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
AbbreviationJ. Constr. Eng. Manag.
ISSN (print)0733-9364
ISSN (online)1943-7862
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles