How to format your references using the Journal of Construction Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Avise, J. C. (2001). “Evolving genomic metaphors: a new look at the language of DNA.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5540), 86–87.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grünwald, D., and Singer, R. H. (2010). “In vivo imaging of labelled endogenous β-actin mRNA during nucleocytoplasmic transport.” Nature, 467(7315), 604–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ahlberg, P. E., Clack, J. A., and Blom, H. (2005). “The axial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega.” Nature, 437(7055), 137–140.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reusch, T. B., Häberli, M. A., Aeschlimann, P. B., and Milinski, M. (2001). “Female sticklebacks count alleles in a strategy of sexual selection explaining MHC polymorphism.” Nature, 414(6861), 300–302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Choudhry, M., Moskovic, D., Wong, M., Baig, S., Liu, Z., Lizzio, M., and Voicu, A. (2014). Fixed Income Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Atallah, M., Li, X.-Y., and Zhu, B. (Eds.). (2011). Frontiers in Algorithmics and Algorithmic Aspects in Information and Management: Joint International Conference, FAW-AAIM 2011, Jinhua, China, May 28-31, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pieschl, S., Stahl, E., and Bromme, R. (2013). “Adaptation to Context as Core Component of Self-Regulated Learning: The Example of Complexity and Epistemic Beliefs.” International Handbook of Metacognition and Learning Technologies, Springer International Handbooks of Education, R. Azevedo and V. Aleven, eds., Springer, New York, NY, 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017). “Amateur Treasure Hunters Find UK’s Oldest Iron Age Gold.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <> (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Emergency Management: Most School Districts Have Developed Emergency Management Plans, but Would Benefit from Additional Federal Guidance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stahlhut, C. W. (2012). “Aerodynamic design optimization of proprotors for convertible-rotor concepts.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2014). “About That Night.” New York Times, MM21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Avise 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Avise 2001; Grünwald and Singer 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grünwald and Singer 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Reusch et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
AbbreviationJ. Constr. Eng. Manag.
ISSN (print)0733-9364
ISSN (online)1943-7862
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles