How to format your references using the Journal of Construction Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2003). “Anthropologists cast doubt on human DNA evidence.” Nature, 423(6939), 468.
A journal article with 2 authors
West, S. A., and Peters, A. D. (2000). “Paying for sex is not easy.” Nature, 407(6807), 962.
A journal article with 3 authors
Han, Y., Bai, T., and Liu, W. (2014). “Controlled heterogeneous stem cell differentiation on a shape memory hydrogel surface.” Scientific reports, 4, 5815.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rueness, E. K., Stenseth, N. C., O’Donoghue, M., Boutin, S., Ellegren, H., and Jakobsen, K. S. (2003). “Ecological and genetic spatial structuring in the Canadian lynx.” Nature, 425(6953), 69–72.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fulton, B. S. (2014). Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brennan, M. F. (2016). Management of Soft Tissue Sarcoma. (C. R. Antonescu, K. M. Alektiar, and R. G. Maki, eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Janjuha-Jivraj, S., and Chisholm, K. (2016). “Why Championing Works So Well for Women.” Championing Women Leaders: Beyond Sponsorship, K. Chisholm, ed., Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 55–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017). “Solar Activity Is Responsible For Ceres’ Temporary Atmosphere.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Rail Transit: Reliability of FTA’s Rail Accident Database. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Campbell, A. J. (2012). “History transformed: Sengoku Daimyo in Japanese popular media.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M. D., and Cardwell, D. (2017). “Trump Advisers Wage Tug of War On Climate Deal.” New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; West and Peters 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (West and Peters 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Rueness et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
AbbreviationJ. Constr. Eng. Manag.
ISSN (print)0733-9364
ISSN (online)1943-7862
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles