How to format your references using the Journal of Construction Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gottesman, D. 2006. “Physics. Jump-starting quantum error correction with entanglement.” Science, 314 (5798): 427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nilsen, T. W., and B. R. Graveley. 2010. “Expansion of the eukaryotic proteome by alternative splicing.” Nature, 463 (7280): 457–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tripathi, S., H. Li, and T. L. Poulos. 2013. “Structural basis for effector control and redox partner recognition in cytochrome P450.” Science, 340 (6137): 1227–1230.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Neumann, M., J. Nyéki, B. Cowan, and J. Saunders. 2007. “Bilayer 3He: a simple two-dimensional heavy-fermion system with quantum criticality.” Science, 317 (5843): 1356–1359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moreau, N. 2013. Tools for Signal Compression. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ballesteros, J., E. Fernández Ruiz-Gálvez, and P. Talavera (Eds.). 2012. Globalization and Human Rights: Challenges and Answers from a European Perspective. Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Tews, E., J. Wälde, and M. Weiner. 2012. “Breaking DVB-CSA.” Research in Cryptology: 4th Western European Workshop, WEWoRC 2011, Weimar, Germany, July 20-22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, F. Armknecht and S. Lucks, eds., 45–61. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Davis, J. 2017. “Scientists Create Amazing 3D Cast Of Renowned Philosopher’s Brain.” IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Several Challenges Could Arise in Administering a Subsidy Program for DTV Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Colna, K. E. 2017. “Latitudinal Position and Trends of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and its Relationship with Upwelling in the Southern Caribbean Sea and Global Climate Indices.” Doctoral dissertation. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, L. 2010. “Reviving a Poor Neighborhood for Its Inhabitants.” New York Times, March 24, 2010.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gottesman 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gottesman 2006; Nilsen and Graveley 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nilsen and Graveley 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Neumann et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
AbbreviationJ. Constr. Eng. Manag.
ISSN (print)0733-9364
ISSN (online)1943-7862
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles