How to format your references using the Journal of Construction Engineering and Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Williams, K. A. (2000). “Three-dimensional structure of the ion-coupled transport protein NhaA.” Nature, 403(6765), 112–115.
A journal article with 2 authors
Köhler, H.-R., and Triebskorn, R. (2013). “Wildlife ecotoxicology of pesticides: can we track effects to the population level and beyond?” Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6147), 759–765.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lestas, I., Vinnicombe, G., and Paulsson, J. (2010). “Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations.” Nature, 467(7312), 174–178.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, H., Yang, B., Pomerantz, R. J., Zhang, C., Arunachalam, S. C., and Gao, L. (2003). “The cytidine deaminase CEM15 induces hypermutation in newly synthesized HIV-1 DNA.” Nature, 424(6944), 94–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Straus, S. E., and Sackett, D. L. (2013). Mentorship in Academic Medicine. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pereira, M. F., and Shulika, O. (Eds.). (2011). Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation: Generation, Detection and Applications. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, X.-J., Baleanu, D., and Machado, J. A. T. (2014). “Application of the Local Fractional Fourier Series to Fractal Signals.” Discontinuity and Complexity in Nonlinear Physical Systems, Nonlinear Systems and Complexity, J. A. T. Machado, D. Baleanu, and A. C. J. Luo, eds., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 63–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017). “Fool’s Gold Preserved World’s Oldest Mushroom.” IFLScience, IFLScience, <; (Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Forest Service Research and Development: Improvements in Delivery of Research Results Can Help Ensure That Benefits of Research Are Realized. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solomon, R. B. (2017). “Analysis of Emergency Responder Preparedness to Active Shooter Incidents in Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, and Riverside Counties.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017). “Baldwin Burns Strong.” New York Times, BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Williams 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Williams 2000, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Köhler and Triebskorn 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Construction Engineering and Management
AbbreviationJ. Constr. Eng. Manag.
ISSN (print)0733-9364
ISSN (online)1943-7862
ScopeStrategy and Management
Industrial relations
Civil and Structural Engineering
Building and Construction

Other styles