How to format your references using the Fire Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Weyer S (2008) Geochemistry. What drives iron isotope fractionation in magma? Science 320:1600–1601
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rashid H, Boyle EA (2007) Mixed-layer deepening during Heinrich events: a multi-planktonic foraminiferal delta18O approach. Science 318:439–441
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Blair AC, Fisher ER, Rickey D (2012) IBI* series winner. Discovering nanoscience. Science 337:1056–1057
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Cunningham ML, Titus RG, Turco SJ, Beverley SM (2001) Regulation of differentiation to the infective stage of the protozoan parasite Leishmania major by tetrahydrobiopterin. Science 292:285–287

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Alexandridis AK, Zapranis AD (2014) Wavelet Neural Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Bersini H, Carneiro J (2006) Artificial Immune Systems: 5th International Conference, ICARIS 2006, Oeiras, Portugal, September 4-6, 2006. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bickmore T, Schulman D, Yin L (2009) Engagement vs. Deceit: Virtual Humans with Human Autobiographies. In: Ruttkay Z, Kipp M, Nijholt A, Vilhjálmsson HH (eds) Intelligent Virtual Agents: 9th International Conference, IVA 2009 Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 14-16, 2009 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 6–19

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Technology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2017) Physicists Use Einstein’s ‘Spooky’ Entanglement To Invent Super-Sensitive Gravitational Wave Detector. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1971) Need To Improve Policies and Procedures for Approving Grants Under the Emergency School Assistance Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Henderson MM (2013) Coming to Terms: Career Development Experiences of NCAA Division I Female Student-Athletes in Transition. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2011) A Certifiably Green Cafe. New York Times NJ9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Technology
AbbreviationFire Technol.
ISSN (print)0015-2684
ISSN (online)1572-8099
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Materials Science

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