How to format your references using the Fire Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fire Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P (2004) Election returns. Nature 432:417
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Levine AJ, Puzio-Kuter AM (2010) The control of the metabolic switch in cancers by oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. Science 330:1340–1344
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yanagisawa S, Yoo S-D, Sheen J (2003) Differential regulation of EIN3 stability by glucose and ethylene signalling in plants. Nature 425:521–525
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Roth A, Brüne C, Buhmann H, et al (2009) Nonlocal transport in the quantum spin Hall state. Science 325:294–297

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Jarry P, Beneat J (2007) Advanced Design Techniques and Realizations of Microwave and RF Filters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Puniya AK, Singh R, Kamra DN (2015) Rumen Microbiology: From Evolution to Revolution. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
1.
McGettigan T, Smith E (2016) The Farce of Race. In: Smith E (ed) A Formula for Eradicating Racism: Debunking White Supremacy. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp 19–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fire Technology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D (2016) Why It Is Useful To Understand The Role Of Genetics In Behaviour. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-it-is-useful-to-understand-the-role-of-genetics-in-behaviour/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2012) Aviation Safety: Additional FAA Efforts Could Enhance Safety Risk Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Abrahamian A (2012) Diagnosis and treatment of childhood depression: A resource for pediatricians. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J (2017) Where Everybody Knows Your Name (and Dad’s). New York Times C5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFire Technology
AbbreviationFire Technol.
ISSN (print)0015-2684
ISSN (online)1572-8099
ScopeSafety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
General Materials Science

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