How to format your references using the Acta Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nolet G. Obituary: F. Anthony Dahlen (1942-2007). Nature. 2007 Jul 19;448(7151):268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Noor E, Milo R. Evolution. Efficiency in evolutionary trade-offs. Science. 2012 Jun 1;336(6085):1114–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Campbell C, Shea K, Albert R. Network models. Comment on “Control profiles of complex networks.” Science. 2014 Oct 31;346(6209):561.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Di Rosa I, Simoncelli F, Fagotti A, Pascolini R. Ecology: the proximate cause of frog declines? Nature. 2007 May 31;447(7144):E4-5; discussion E5-6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bejan A. Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
Brian É. The Descent of Human Sex Ratio at Birth: A Dialogue between Mathematics, Biology and Sociology. Jaisson M, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007. XX, 258 p. (Methodos Series; vol. 4).
A chapter in an edited book
de Bruijn H, ten Heuvelhof EF, in ‘t Veld R. The Process Architect in Action: Making a Process Design. In: ten Heuvelhof E, in ’t Veld R, editors. Process Management: Why Project Management Fails in Complex Decision Making Processes. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 59–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Medica.

Blog post
Andrew E. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. New Technology Allows Water Purification Using Sunlight. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Needs to Establish Critical Investment Management Capabilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Oct. Report No.: GAO-06-12.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koval BC. Undergraduate Students in Paraprofessional Roles and their Use of Online Social Networks [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herrman J. Trust Bust. New York Times. 2017 Oct 2;BR13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Medica
AbbreviationActa Medica (Hradec Kralove)
ISSN (print)1211-4286
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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