How to format your references using the Acta Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Redish AD. Addiction as a computational process gone awry. Science. 2004 Dec 10;306(5703):1944–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brüning O, Collier P. Building a behemoth. Nature. 2007 Jul 19;448(7151):285–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barber VA, Juday GP, Finney BP. Reduced growth of Alaskan white spruce in the twentieth century from temperature-induced drought stress. Nature. 2000 Jun 8;405(6787):668–73.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Song K, Lee SH, Kim K, Hur S, Kim J. Emission enhancement of sound emitters using an acoustic metamaterial cavity. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 3;4:4165.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benatar D. The Second Sexism. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Buck T, Franke A, Monaghan MJ, editors. Three-dimensional Echocardiography. Second fully revised edition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015. XI, 307 p.
A chapter in an edited book
Senior K, Moss J. The Use of the Visual to Interpret School Cultures: Producing Knowledge and Knowing When You Are Learning to Teach. In: Moss J, Pini B, editors. Visual Research Methods in Educational Research. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 75–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Medica.

Blog post
Andrews R. This Cyborg Stingray Is Built From Genetically Engineered Solar-Powered Heart Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Issues Related to an Independent FAA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jun. Report No.: T-RCED-88-45.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boggs BD. An assessment of campus police departments across Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hussey K. Troubling Text Before a Couple Vanished in Connecticut: ‘Did You Hurt Mom?’ New York Times. 2015 Sep 25;A33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Medica
AbbreviationActa Medica (Hradec Kralove)
ISSN (print)1211-4286
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles