How to format your references using the Acta Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mank JE. Evolution. Sexual selection and Darwin’s mystery of mysteries. Science. 2009 Dec 18;326(5960):1639–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray RD, Atkinson QD. Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin. Nature. 2003 Nov 27;426(6965):435–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reiserer A, Ritter S, Rempe G. Nondestructive detection of an optical photon. Science. 2013 Dec 13;342(6164):1349–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Skotheim JM, Di Talia S, Siggia ED, Cross FR. Positive feedback of G1 cyclins ensures coherent cell cycle entry. Nature. 2008 Jul 17;454(7202):291–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He Z. Wavelet Analysis and Transient Signal Processing Applications for Power Systems. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
Feng Z. Cognitive Wireless Networks. Zhang Q, Zhang P, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. VII, 140 p. 94 illus. (SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
Zubair M, Mughal MJ, Naqvi QA. Electromagnetic Wave Propagation in Fractional Space. In: Mughal MJ, Naqvi QA, editors. Electromagnetic Fields and Waves in Fractional Dimensional Space. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 27–60. (SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Medica.

Blog post
Fang J. Researchers Discover A New State Of Matter [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jun. Report No.: GAO-05-752R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Noll RT. Physician acceptance of Computerized Physician Order Entry in outpatient settings: A quantitative analysis of family medicine within Maricopa County, Arizona [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Dmitri Dudko, 82, Foe of Stalin Who Recanted and Praised Him. New York Times. 2004 Jul 1;C14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Medica
AbbreviationActa Medica (Hradec Kralove)
ISSN (print)1211-4286
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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