How to format your references using the Acta Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manasse HR Jr. Public health. Conscientious objection and the pharmacist. Science. 2005 Jun 10;308(5728):1558–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laurance WF, Luizão RCC. Driving a wedge into the Amazon. Nature. 2007 Jul 26;448(7152):409–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang JC, Lockner DA, Reches Z. Rapid acceleration leads to rapid weakening in earthquake-like laboratory experiments. Science. 2012 Oct 5;338(6103):101–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Margot JL, Peale SJ, Jurgens RF, Slade MA, Holin IV. Large longitude libration of Mercury reveals a molten core. Science. 2007 May 4;316(5825):710–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Menn M. Instrumentation and Metrology in Oceanography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Hurst CJ, editor. The Rasputin Effect: When Commensals and Symbionts Become Parasitic. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XII, 357 p. 27 illus., 15 illus. in color. (Advances in Environmental Microbiology; vol. 3).
A chapter in an edited book
Rephaeli Y, Nevalainen J, Ohashi T, Bykov AM. Nonthermal Phenomena in Clusters of Galaxies. In: Kaastra J, editor. Clusters of Galaxies: Beyond the Thermal View. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Medica.

Blog post
Fang J. Cheap Solar Cells Made From Shrimp Cells [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Computer-Based Patient Records: Subcommittee Questions Concerning VA and DOD Efforts to Achieve a Two-Way Exchange of Health Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 May. Report No.: GAO-04-691R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mishne J. An investigation of the relationships between technology use and teachers’ self-efficacy, knowledge and experience [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM. Is It Wrong to Body Slam a Journalist? These Days, Opinions Vary. New York Times. 2017 May 26;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Medica
AbbreviationActa Medica (Hradec Kralove)
ISSN (print)1211-4286
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles