How to format your references using the Acta Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weinstock GM. Genomic approaches to studying the human microbiota. Nature. 2012 Sep 13;489(7415):250–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Archer D, Martin P. Ocean circulation. Thin walls tell the tale. Science. 2001 Dec 7;294(5549):2108–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shoemaker CJ, Eyler DE, Green R. Dom34:Hbs1 promotes subunit dissociation and peptidyl-tRNA drop-off to initiate no-go decay. Science. 2010 Oct 15;330(6002):369–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Buchanan GM, Beresford AE, Hebblewhite M, Escobedo FJ, De Klerk HM, Donald PF, et al. Free satellite data key to conservation. Science. 2018 Jul 13;361(6398):139–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Van Fleet PJ. Discrete Wavelet Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
Dudin A, Nazarov A, Yakupov R, editors. Information Technologies and Mathematical Modelling - Queueing Theory and Applications: 14th International Scientific Conference, ITMM 2015, named after A. F. Terpugov, Anzhero-Sudzhensk, Russia, November 18-22, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. IX, 433 p. 69 illus. in color. (Communications in Computer and Information Science; vol. 564).
A chapter in an edited book
Cocks M. What is Biocultural Diversity? A Theoretical Review. In: Bates DG, Tucker J, editors. Human Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 67–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Medica.

Blog post
Davis J. Byzantine Skeleton Contains 800-Year-Old DNA From The Infection That Killed Her. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Pipeline Safety: Better Data and Guidance Needed to Improve Pipeline Operator Incident Response. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jan. Report No.: GAO-13-168.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zamudio R. From community college to 4-year institutions: Latinas’ successful completion of STEM baccalaureate degrees [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
JOSEPH KELLY; Joseph Kelly of Croton-on-Hudson is a member of its Planning Board Watch Committee, a citizens group interested in local planning issues. SHOPPING AROUND FOR PROPERTY TAX IS THREAT TO ORDER. New York Times. 1984 Aug 12;11WC26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Medica
AbbreviationActa Medica (Hradec Kralove)
ISSN (print)1211-4286
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles