How to format your references using the Acta Medica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Medica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sanderson K. Lignocellulose: A chewy problem. Nature. 2011 Jun 22;474(7352):S12-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu-Baer F, Baer R. Effect of DNA damage on a BRCA1 complex. Nature. 2001 Nov 1;414(6859):36.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’D Alexander CM, Boss AP, Carlson RW. The early evolution of the inner solar system: a meteoritic perspective. Science. 2001 Jul 6;293(5527):64–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Derraik JGB, de Bock M, Hofman PL, Cutfield WS. Increasing BMI is associated with a progressive reduction in physical quality of life among overweight middle-aged men. Sci Rep. 2014 Jan 14;4:3677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Trimble MR, George MS. Biological Psychiatry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Balas VE, Jain LC, Kovačević B, editors. Soft Computing Applications: Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop Soft Computing Applications (SOFA 2014), Volume 2. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. XXI, 1381 p. 321 illus., 202 illus. in color. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 357).
A chapter in an edited book
Kirshen PH, Douglas EM, Paolisso M, Enrici A. Social and Cultural Incentives and Obstacles to Adaptation to Increased Coastal Flooding in East Boston, MA USA. In: Karl HA, Scarlett L, Vargas-Moreno JC, Flaxman M, editors. Restoring Lands - Coordinating Science, Politics and Action: Complexities of Climate and Governance. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 85–107.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Medica.

Blog post
Andrews R. Researchers Can Now 3D Print Stem Cell “Building Blocks.” IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NSF Review: Review Process for the National Science Foundation’s Science and Engineering Pipeline Study. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: T-RCED-92-24.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Short DD. Assessing effectiveness and economic efficiency in California Community College transfer advising [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Knight M. Ms. Ubiquity. New York Times. 2013 May 31;MM32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Medica
AbbreviationActa Medica (Hradec Kralove)
ISSN (print)1211-4286
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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