How to format your references using the Cell Stress and Chaperones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stress and Chaperones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lea DW (2001) Paleoclimate. Ice ages, the California Current, and Devils Hole. Science 293:59–60
A journal article with 2 authors
Müller F-J, Schuppert A (2011) Few inputs can reprogram biological networks. Nature 478:E4; discussion E4-5
A journal article with 3 authors
Kender S, Yu J, Peck VL (2014) Deep ocean carbonate ion increase during mid Miocene CO2 decline. Sci Rep 4:4187
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ji S, Shi T, Qiu X, et al (2013) A route to phase controllable Cu2ZnSn(S(1-x)Se(x))4 nanocrystals with tunable energy bands. Sci Rep 3:2733

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodman AH (2012) Rehabilitating and Resettling Offenders in the Community. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Giusti A, Ritter G, Vichi M (eds) (2013) Classification and Data Mining. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Maderich V, Brovchenko I, Terletska K, Hutter K (2012) Numerical Simulations of the Nonhydrostatic Transformation of Basin-Scale Internal Gravity Waves and Wave-Enhanced Meromixis in Lakes. In: Hutter K (ed) Nonlinear Internal Waves in Lakes. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 193–276

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stress and Chaperones.

Blog post
Andrew D (2017) What Are Blood Groups and Why Do They Matter? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994) [Comments on DOD Data Center Consolidation Plan]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Starr MJ (2015) Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B, Schmitt E, Gordon MR (2016) Cease-Fire in Syria Holds, Giving Hope to Peace Talks. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lea 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lea 2001; Müller and Schuppert 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Müller and Schuppert 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ji et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stress and Chaperones
AbbreviationCell Stress Chaperones
ISSN (print)1355-8145
ISSN (online)1466-1268
Cell Biology

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