How to format your references using the Cell Stress and Chaperones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stress and Chaperones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Panksepp J (2011) Behavior. Empathy and the laws of affect. Science 334:1358–1359
A journal article with 2 authors
Noudoost B, Moore T (2011) Control of visual cortical signals by prefrontal dopamine. Nature 474:372–375
A journal article with 3 authors
Marshall CB, Fletcher GL, Davies PL (2004) Hyperactive antifreeze protein in a fish. Nature 429:153
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Augui S, Filion GJ, Huart S, et al (2007) Sensing X chromosome pairs before X inactivation via a novel X-pairing region of the Xic. Science 318:1632–1636

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goering H, Roos H-G, Tobiska L (2010) Die Finite-Elemente-Methode für Anfänger. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Charushin V, Chupakhin O (eds) (2014) Metal Free C-H Functionalization of Aromatics: Nucleophilic Displacement of Hydrogen. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Persinger C (2015) Challenges of Portfolio Management in Pharmaceutical Development. In: Antonijevic Z (ed) Optimization of Pharmaceutical R&D Programs and Portfolios: Design and Investment Strategy. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stress and Chaperones.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Scientists Isolate Themselves In A Dome For A Year To Simulate Mars Mission. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) School Meals: USDA Could Improve Verification Process for Program Access. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ploehs JR (2009) The literacy benefits of middle school tutors who tutor emergent readers. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mackay IP (1919) SAFE DEMOCRACY. New York Times Editorial37

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Panksepp 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Noudoost and Moore 2011; Panksepp 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Noudoost and Moore 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Augui et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stress and Chaperones
AbbreviationCell Stress Chaperones
ISSN (print)1355-8145
ISSN (online)1466-1268
Cell Biology

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