How to format your references using the Cell Stress and Chaperones citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Stress and Chaperones. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard C (2010) Tiny steps towards an HIV vaccine. Nature 466:S8
A journal article with 2 authors
Qaim M, Zilberman D (2003) Yield effects of genetically modified crops in developing countries. Science 299:900–902
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak MA, Komarova NL, Niyogi P (2002) Computational and evolutionary aspects of language. Nature 417:611–617
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Okutsu T, Shikina S, Kanno M, et al (2007) Production of trout offspring from triploid salmon parents. Science 317:1517

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shahidi A (2014) Balanced Asset Allocation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Kienast F, Wildi O, Ghosh S (eds) (2007) A Changing World: Challenges for Landscape Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Goodarzi E, Ziaei M, Hosseinipour EZ (2014) Multiobjective Optimization. In: Ziaei M, Hosseinipour EZ (eds) Introduction to Optimization Analysis in Hydrosystem Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 111–147

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Stress and Chaperones.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Germany Now Produces Half Of Its Energy Using Solar. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) NASA: Status of Achieving Key Outcomes and Addressing Major Management Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keohane MF (2010) Virtual team communication: Perceptions and experiences influencing the use of videoconferencing technology. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2012) Drop Out, Dive In, Start Up. New York Times BU1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Qaim and Zilberman 2003; Willyard 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Qaim and Zilberman 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Okutsu et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Stress and Chaperones
AbbreviationCell Stress Chaperones
ISSN (print)1355-8145
ISSN (online)1466-1268
Cell Biology

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