How to format your references using the Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Kramer M. Astronomy. Extreme spinning tops. Science. 2009 Jun;324(5933):1396–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Thomas GL, Thorne RE. Night-time predation by Steller sea lions. Nature. 2001 Jun;411(6841):1013.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Tasker SZ, Standley EA, Jamison TF. Recent advances in homogeneous nickel catalysis. Nature. 2014 May;509(7500):299–309.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Witze ES, Litman ES, Argast GM, Moon RT, Ahn NG. Wnt5a control of cell polarity and directional movement by polarized redistribution of adhesion receptors. Science. 2008 Apr;320(5874):365–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Olofsson P. Probabilities. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2006.
An edited book
1
Potts K. Textpattern Solutions: PHP-Based Content Management Made Easy. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Alvarez MGJ. Subjectivities on the Edge. In: Worth N, Dwyer C, editors. Identities and Subjectivities. Singapore: Springer; 2016; pp 351–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiology.

Blog post
1
Luntz S. First Drug Success In Slowing Previously Untreatable Form Of Multiple Sclerosis [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Dec [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/first-drug-success-in-slowing-previously-untreatable-form-of-multiple-sclerosis/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Basic Agreements With Educational Institutions or Nonprofit Organizations for Award of Research and Development Contracts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Tanner-Anderson SL. “The Road Less Traveled”: The Female’s Journey to the State Superintendency. 2014

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kelly BKB, Writer A, has covered Chicago politics for eight years. CHICAGO AND ITS MAYOR, TWO YEARS LATER. New York Times. 1985 Apr;123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiology
AbbreviationCardiology
ISSN (print)0008-6312
ISSN (online)1421-9751
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pharmacology (medical)

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