How to format your references using the International Journal of Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Adam, British chemists warned of impending stagnation, Nature. 421 (2003) 100.
A journal article with 2 authors
C. Ash, B.R. Jasny, Trypanosomatid genomes. Introduction, Science. 309 (2005) 399.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.D. Dahl, C.-C. Chen, M.J. Rasch, Own-race and own-species advantages in face perception: a computational view, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6654.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Hagedorn, K.H. Rohde, D.G. Russell, T. Soldati, Infection by tubercular mycobacteria is spread by nonlytic ejection from their amoeba hosts, Science. 323 (2009) 1729–1733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Wilson, Everyday Moral Economies, John Wiley & Sons, Oxford, 2013.
An edited book
I. Khalil, T. Mantoro, eds., Trustworthy Ubiquitous Computing, Atlantis Press, Paris, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
I.P. Los’y, I. Segeda, K. Shepelevich, O.V. Voitsekhovich, Y. Onishi, Radiation Risk Assessment and Countermeasure Justification, in: Y. Onishi, O.V. Voitsekhovich, M.J. Zheleznyak (Eds.), Chernobyl – What Have We Learned?: The Successes and Failures to Mitigate Water Contamination over 20 Years, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2007: pp. 109–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
D. Andrew, This Shocking Photograph Reveals The Reality Of Climate Change, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Compensation by 12 Aerospace Contractors, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1984.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.A. Wilson, Spectroelectrochemical Sensing and Detection of Zinc in Serum by Anodic Stripping Voltammerty on a Bismuth Film Electrode, Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Hubbard, K. Kelly, Saudi Arabia’s Plan to Move Past Oil: Big Goals and Hurdles, New York Times. (2017) A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationInt. J. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)1387-3806
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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