How to format your references using the International Journal of Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.W. Dorn 2nd, Medicine. Refugee receptors switch sides, Science. 327 (2010) 1586–1587.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Taipale, P.A. Beachy, The Hedgehog and Wnt signalling pathways in cancer, Nature. 411 (2001) 349–354.
A journal article with 3 authors
I.M. Hastings, P.G. Bray, S.A. Ward, Parasitology. A requiem for chloroquine, Science. 298 (2002) 74–75.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Dolezal, V. Likic, J. Tachezy, T. Lithgow, Evolution of the molecular machines for protein import into mitochondria, Science. 313 (2006) 314–318.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.J. Janke, F.C. Tinsley, Introduction to Linear Models and Statistical Inference, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
C. Di Rocco, M. Turgut, G. Jallo, J.F. Martínez-Lage, eds., Complications of CSF Shunting in Hydrocephalus: Prevention, Identification, and Management, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J.A. Costamagna, M. Isaacs, M.J. Aguirre, G. Ramírez, I. Azocar, Electroreduction of CO2 Catalyzed by Metallomacrocyclics, in: J.H. Zagal, F. Bedioui, J.-P. Dodelet (Eds.), N4-Macrocyclic Metal Complexes, Springer, New York, NY, 2006: pp. 191–254.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
J. Fang, Toxin Resistance Suggests That Evolution Can Be Predictable, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Usefulness, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Douglas, Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
R. Fausset, After Proudly Defying Washington, Hard-Hit Texas Needs Its Aid, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationInt. J. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)1387-3806
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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