How to format your references using the International Journal of Mass Spectrometry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Mass Spectrometry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B.L. Anderson, Psychology. Bird-brained illusionists, Science. 335 (2012) 292–293.
A journal article with 2 authors
K. Tomita, A.M. Weiner, Collaboration between CC- and A-adding enzymes to build and repair the 3’-terminal CCA of tRNA in Aquifex aeolicus, Science. 294 (2001) 1334–1336.
A journal article with 3 authors
T. Miyazaki, K. Sueyoshi, T. Hiraga, Olivine crystals align during diffusion creep of Earth’s upper mantle, Nature. 502 (2013) 321–326.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Arimura, K. Shirayama, N. Horikoshi, R. Fujita, H. Taguchi, W. Kagawa, T. Fukagawa, G. Almouzni, H. Kurumizaka, Crystal structure and stable property of the cancer-associated heterotypic nucleosome containing CENP-A and H3.3, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7115.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.A. Hunter, A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
F. Neuhaus, ed., Studies in Temporal Urbanism: The urbanTick Experiment, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Fippel, Monte Carlo Treatment Planning, in: A.A.F. De Salles, A. Gorgulho, N. Agazaryan, B. Slotman, M. Selch, A.J. Burwick, R. Schulz (Eds.), Shaped Beam Radiosurgery: State of the Art, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011: pp. 47–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Mass Spectrometry.

Blog post
J. Davis, Smoke From Africa’s Agricultural Fires Inhibit The Formation Of Rain Clouds, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, ADP Systems: HCFA’s Failure to Follow Guidelines Makes Systems Effectiveness Uncertain, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.L. Honnold, Toward a Working Theory of Neurorhetorics, Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Rothenberg, Top-Ranked Players Murray and Kerber Are Eliminated in Fourth Round, New York Times. (2017) D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Mass Spectrometry
AbbreviationInt. J. Mass Spectrom.
ISSN (print)1387-3806
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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