How to format your references using the Aquatic Biosystems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquatic Biosystems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Egolf DA. Statistical mechanics. Far from equilibrium. Science. 2002;296:1813–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Stone R, Jasny B. Communication in science pressures and predators. Scientific discourse: buckling at the seams. Introduction. Science. 2013;342:56–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Trillo S, Gongora JST, Fratalocchi A. Wave instabilities in the presence of non vanishing background in nonlinear Schrödinger systems. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7285.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Yan D, Tang Y, Lin H, Wang D. Tunable two-color luminescence and host-guest energy transfer of fluorescent chromophores encapsulated in metal-organic frameworks. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zepernick H-J, Finger A. Pseudo Random Signal Processing. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd,.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Chhieng DC, Siegal GP, editors. Updates in Diagnostic Pathology. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Armando A, Carbone R, Chekole EG, Petrazzuolo C, Ranalli A, Ranise S. Selective Release of Smart Metering Data in Multi-domain Smart Grids. In: Cuellar J, editor. Smart Grid Security: Second International Workshop, SmartGridSec 2014, Munich, Germany, February 26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 48–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquatic Biosystems.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. How Much Is The Human Body Worth? IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA’s FMFIA Assertions and CFO Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Holloway LR. Synthesis and investigation of novel dinitrosyl-Iron complexes of chelated Bis-phosphine ligands: Potential nitric oxide delivery compounds. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper M. An Orchestra Tuned to Thrive. New York Times. 2017;:AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAquatic Biosystems
ISSN (print)2046-9063
Scope

Other styles