How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA (2000). ARCHAELOGY: A Victim of the Black Sea Flood Found. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289, 2021a–2a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kepecs A, Fishell G (2014). Interneuron cell types are fit to function. Nature 505, 318–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang L, Treisman A, Pashler H (2007). Characterizing the limits of human visual awareness. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317, 823–825.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tung J, Primus A, Bouley AJ, Severson TF, Alberts SC, Wray GA (2009). Evolution of a malaria resistance gene in wild primates. Nature 460, 388–391.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Audibert P (2013). ‘Mathematics for Informatics and Computer Science’. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Wang J (Ed.) (2014). ‘Proceedings of the First Symposium on Aviation Maintenance and Management-Volume I’. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)
A chapter in an edited book
Gill SS, Anjum NA, Ahmad I, Thangavel P, Sridevi G, Pacheco M, Duarte AC, Umar S, Khan NA, Pereira ME (2012). Metal Hyperaccumulation and Tolerance in Alyssum, Arabidopsis and Thlaspi: An Overview. In ‘The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation’. (Eds NA Anjum, I Ahmad, ME Pereira, AC Duarte, S Umar, NA Khan.) Environmental Pollution. pp. 99–137. (Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Zoology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017). The Sex Lives Of Ghost Sharks Are Weirder Than You Think. IFLScience. Available at: [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977). Impact of Illegal Aliens on Public Assistance Programs: Too Little Is Known. GGD-78-20. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robles B (2009). Academic achievement among foster care children with a disability: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L (2006). The Windsurf’s Up On the Columbia River. New York Times, F10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kerr 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kerr 2000; Kepecs and Fishell 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kepecs and Fishell 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Tung et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Zoology
AbbreviationAust. J. Zool.
ISSN (print)0004-959X
ISSN (online)1446-5698
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles