How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pimentel, D. (2000). Biological control of invading species. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289, 869c.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dustin, M. L., and Colman, D. R. (2002). Neural and immunological synaptic relations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 298, 785–789.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Tonder, G. J., Lyons, M. J., and Ejima, Y. (2002). Visual structure of a Japanese Zen garden. Nature 419, 359–360.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coull, J. A. M., Boudreau, D., Bachand, K., Prescott, S. A., Nault, F., Sík, A., De Koninck, P., and De Koninck, Y. (2003). Trans-synaptic shift in anion gradient in spinal lamina I neurons as a mechanism of neuropathic pain. Nature 424, 938–942.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zecchina, A., and Califano, S. (2017). ‘The Development of Catalysis’. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, New Jersey.)
An edited book
Aman, B. (2011). ‘Mobility in Process Calculi and Natural Computing’ Ed G. Ciobanu. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.)
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, P., Dai, G., Fu, T., Zeng, H., and Zhang, X. (2007). A Lazy EDF Interrupt Scheduling Algorithm for Multiprocessor in Parallel Computing Environment. In ‘Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 7th International Conference, ICA3PP 2007, Hangzhou, China, June 11-14, 2007. Proceedings’. (Eds H. Jin, O. F. Rana, Y. Pan, and V. K. Prasanna.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science. pp. 49–59. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Zoology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015). Incredible Map Visualizes The Microbial Connections Between Animals. IFLScience. Available at: [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Direct Student Loans: Efforts to Resolve Lenders’ Problems With Consolidations Are Under Way. HEHS-98-103. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett, A. L. (2019). An Empirical Longitudinal Analysis of Agile Methodologies and Firm Financial Performance. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ketner, L. (2009). Quotation of the Day. New York Times, A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pimentel 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Pimentel 2000; Dustin and Colman 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dustin and Colman 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Coull et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Zoology
AbbreviationAust. J. Zool.
ISSN (print)0004-959X
ISSN (online)1446-5698
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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