How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gerrish, P. (2001). The rhythm of microbial adaptation. Nature 413, 299–302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wasan, D. T., and Nikolov, A. D. (2003). Spreading of nanofluids on solids. Nature 423, 156–159.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pascalis, O., de Haan, M., and Nelson, C. A. (2002). Is face processing species-specific during the first year of life? Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, 1321–1323.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mudelsee, M., Börngen, M., Tetzlaff, G., and Grünewald, U. (2003). No upward trends in the occurrence of extreme floods in central Europe. Nature 425, 166–169.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner, D. (2012). ‘Trading ETFs’. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.)
An edited book
Jacob, B. P., and Ramshaw, B. (Eds.) (2013). ‘The SAGES Manual of Hernia Repair’. (Springer: New York, NY.)
A chapter in an edited book
Sánchez-Anguix, V., Esparcia, S., Argente, E., García-Fornes, A., and Julián, V. (2010). Collaborative Information Extraction for Adaptive Recommendations in a Multiagent Tourism Recommender System. In ‘Advances in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 8th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems (PAAMS 2010)’. (Eds Y. Demazeau, F. Dignum, J. M. Corchado, and J. B. Pérez.) Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing. pp. 35–40. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Zoology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015). Firefighter Receives World’s Most Extensive Face Transplant. IFLScience. Available at: [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). China: U.S. and European Union Arms Sales Since the 1989 Embargoes. T-NSIAD-98-171. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hariharan, S. B. (2017). The Structure of the Blue Whirl: A Soot-Free Reacting Vortex Phenomenon. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roach, M. (2016). Not an Accident. New York Times, BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gerrish 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Gerrish 2001; Wasan and Nikolov 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wasan and Nikolov 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mudelsee et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Zoology
AbbreviationAust. J. Zool.
ISSN (print)0004-959X
ISSN (online)1446-5698
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles