How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forde, A. (2006). Careers in systems biology. A meeting of minds, expertise, and imagination. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311, 1306–1307.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devoret, M. H., and Schoelkopf, R. J. (2000). Amplifying quantum signals with the single-electron transistor. Nature 406, 1039–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, Z., Pakoulev, A., and Dlott, D. D. (2002). Watching vibrational energy transfer in liquids with atomic spatial resolution. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, 2201–2203.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cheng, B., Ouyang, Z., Chen, C., Xiao, Y., and Lei, S. (2013). Individual Zn2SnO4-sheathed ZnO heterostructure nanowires for efficient resistive switching memory controlled by interface states. Scientific reports 3, 3249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang, B., and Wang, X. (2014). ‘Chaos Analysis and Chaotic EMI Suppression of DC-DC Converters’. (John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore.)
An edited book
Davim, J. P. (Ed.) (2013). ‘Tribology of Nanocomposites’. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg.)
A chapter in an edited book
Gürses, A., Açıkyıldız, M., Güneş, K., and Gürses, M. S. (2016). Dyeing and Dyeing Technology. In ‘Dyes and Pigments’. (Eds M. Açıkyıldız, K. Güneş, and M. S. Gürses.) SpringerBriefs in Molecular Science. pp. 47–67. (Springer International Publishing: Cham.)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Zoology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). Proxima b, The Closest Exoplanet To Earth, Could Be Habitable. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995). Aviation Safety: FAA Can Be More Proactive in Promoting Aviation Safety. T-RCED-95-81. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi, T. (2010). Understanding gold nanoisland formation using transport measurement. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2010). A Game That Turned Nixon Into a Factoid. New York Times, WK2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Forde 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Devoret and Schoelkopf 2000; Forde 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Devoret and Schoelkopf 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Zoology
AbbreviationAust. J. Zool.
ISSN (print)0004-959X
ISSN (online)1446-5698
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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