How to format your references using the Australian Journal of Zoology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Journal of Zoology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2004). Up for review. Nature 430, 591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bshary R, Grutter AS (2006). Image scoring and cooperation in a cleaner fish mutualism. Nature 441, 975–978.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friedberg EC, Wagner R, Radman M (2002). Specialized DNA polymerases, cellular survival, and the genesis of mutations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296, 1627–1630.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou R, Huang X, Margulis CJ, Berne BJ (2004). Hydrophobic collapse in multidomain protein folding. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305, 1605–1609.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hunt-Ahmed K (2013). ‘Contemporary Islamic Finance’. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ)
An edited book
Ames M (2016). ‘How Pop Culture Shapes the Stages of a Woman’s Life: From Toddlers-in-Tiaras to Cougars-on-the-Prowl’ Ed S Burcon. (Palgrave Macmillan UK: London)
A chapter in an edited book
Ciobanu G (2005). Modeling Cell-Mediated Immunity by Means of P Systems. In ‘Applications of Membrane Computing’. (Eds G Ciobanu, G Păun, MJ Pérez-Jiménez.) Natural Computing Series. pp. 159–180. (Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Journal of Zoology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015). The Moon Was A First Step, Mars Will Test Our Capabilities, But Europa Is The Prize. IFLScience. Available at: [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Hazardous Materials Rail Shipments: Emergency Responders Receive Support, but DOT Could Improve Oversight of Information Sharing. GAO-17-91. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kidder EO (2014). Self-administered HPV Testing as a Cervical Cancer Screening Option: Exploring the Perspectives of Hispanic and Arab Women in the United States. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper H (2008). Bush Is Likely to End Term With Iran Issue Unsettled. New York Times, A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2004; Bshary and Grutter 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bshary and Grutter 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Journal of Zoology
AbbreviationAust. J. Zool.
ISSN (print)0004-959X
ISSN (online)1446-5698
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles