How to format your references using the Journal of Strategic Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Strategic Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gwynne, P., 2013. Diagnostics: The new risk predictors. Nature 493, S7-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Godfray, C., Hassell, M., 2005. Obituary: Richard Southwood (1931-2005). Nature 438, 928.
A journal article with 3 authors
Naranjo, B., Gimzewski, J.K., Putterman, S., 2005. Observation of nuclear fusion driven by a pyroelectric crystal. Nature 434, 1115–1117.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Y., Masson, J.-Y., Shah, R., O’Regan, P., West, S.C., 2004. RAD51C is required for Holliday junction processing in mammalian cells. Science 303, 243–246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yener, M., Dundar, O., 2016. Expert Android ® Studio. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana.
An edited book
Nof, S.Y. (Ed.), 2009. Springer Handbook of Automation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Squicciarini, A., Bhargav-Spantzel, A., Czeskis, A., Bertino, E., 2006. Traceable and Automatic Compliance of Privacy Policies in Federated Digital Identity Management, in: Danezis, G., Golle, P. (Eds.), Privacy Enhancing Technologies: 6th International Workshop, PET 2006, Cambridge, UK, June 28-30, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 78–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Strategic Information Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Why You Hate The Word “Moist”, According To Science [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. Surface Transportation: A Comprehensive Plan Could Facilitate Implementation of a National Performance Management Approach (No. GAO-17-638). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Prasad, A.B., 2010. Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. A Plea for Robot Rights. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zayats, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chaudhury, 2005; Livingston, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Godfray and Hassell, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Strategic Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Strat. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0963-8687
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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