How to format your references using the Journal of Strategic Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Strategic Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Treviño, M., 2014. Stimulus similarity determines the prevalence of behavioral laterality in a visual discrimination task for mice. Sci. Rep. 4, 7569.
A journal article with 2 authors
Julius, D., Basbaum, A.I., 2001. Molecular mechanisms of nociception. Nature 413, 203–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stroud, R.M., Nittler, L.R., Alexander, C.M.O., 2004. Polymorphism in presolar Al2O3 grains from asymptotic giant branch stars. Science 305, 1455–1457.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dumestre, F., Chaudret, B., Amiens, C., Renaud, P., Fejes, P., 2004. Superlattices of iron nanocubes synthesized from Fe[N(SiMe3)2]2. Science 303, 821–823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Szczecinski, L., Alvarado, A., 2014. Bit-Interleaved Coded Modulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kausch, H.-H. (Ed.), 2005. Intrinsic Molecular Mobility and Toughness of Polymers II, Advances in Polymer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, A., 2011. BPS-MAC: Backoff Preamble Based MAC Protocol with Sequential Contention Resolution, in: Sacchi, C., Bellalta, B., Vinel, A., Schlegel, C., Granelli, F., Zhang, Y. (Eds.), Multiple Access Communications: 4th International Workshop, MACOM 2011, Trento, Italy, September 12-13, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Strategic Information Systems.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Develop Blood-Cleansing Artificial Spleen [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. [Importation Into the U.S. of Automobiles That Do Not Conform With Emission Requirements] (No. B-217842). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Faello, J.P., 2012. Is strong corporate governance associated with informative income smoothing? (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M.M., 2017. Familiar Cycle of Partisan Combat Churns Again, and Trump Is Again at the Center. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Treviño, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Julius and Basbaum, 2001; Treviño, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Julius and Basbaum, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Dumestre et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Strategic Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Strat. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0963-8687
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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