How to format your references using the Journal of Strategic Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Strategic Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lake, J.A., 2009. Evidence for an early prokaryotic endosymbiosis. Nature 460, 967–971.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adamala, K., Szostak, J.W., 2013. Nonenzymatic template-directed RNA synthesis inside model protocells. Science 342, 1098–1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, S.P., Jones, C., Stasch, A., 2007. Stable magnesium(I) compounds with Mg-Mg bonds. Science 318, 1754–1757.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jonsson, E., Troll, V.R., Högdahl, K., Harris, C., Weis, F., Nilsson, K.P., Skelton, A., 2013. Magmatic origin of giant “Kiruna-type” apatite-iron-oxide ores in central Sweden. Sci. Rep. 3, 1644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, H.-G., Moreau, N., Sikora, T., 2006. MPEG-7 Audio and Beyond. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gigengack, F., 2015. Motion Correction in Thoracic Positron Emission Tomography, SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Franche, C., Bogusz, D., 2012. Signalling and Communication in the Actinorhizal Symbiosis, in: Perotto, S., Baluška, F. (Eds.), Signaling and Communication in Plant Symbiosis, Signaling and Communication in Plants. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 73–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Strategic Information Systems.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Ghostly Images Show The Aftermath Of Canada’s Devastating Wildfire [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. NASA Certification of Funds (No. AFMD-93-30ML). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, S., 2010. Parent information nights: An elementary school principal’s search to increase parent input and affect the learning-at-home environment (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., Chapman, M.M., 2015. U.A.W. Is Said to Flatly Reject Fiat Chrysler Contract Offer. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lake, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Adamala and Szostak, 2013; Lake, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Adamala and Szostak, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Jonsson et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Strategic Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Strat. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0963-8687
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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