How to format your references using the Journal of Strategic Information Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Strategic Information Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morken, J.P., 2014. Organic chemistry: Catalysis marches on. Nature 508, 324–325.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burke, J.M., Rieseberg, L.H., 2003. Fitness effects of transgenic disease resistance in sunflowers. Science 300, 1250.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burnham, D., Kitamura, C., Vollmer-Conna, U., 2002. What’s new, pussycat? On talking to babies and animals. Science 296, 1435.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Musallam, S., Corneil, B.D., Greger, B., Scherberger, H., Andersen, R.A., 2004. Cognitive control signals for neural prosthetics. Science 305, 258–262.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ersoy, O.K., 2007. Diffraction, Fourier Optics and Imaging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Plangger, K. (Ed.), 2016. Thriving in a New World Economy: Proceedings of the 2012 World Marketing Congress/Cultural Perspectives in Marketing Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Brady, L.K., Popov, V., Koumenis, C., 2016. In Vivo Interrogation of the Hypoxic Transcriptome of Solid Tumors: Optimizing Hypoxic Probe Labeling with Laser Capture Microdissection for Isolation of High-Quality RNA for Deep Sequencing Analysis, in: Koumenis, C., Coussens, L.M., Giaccia, A., Hammond, E. (Eds.), Tumor Microenvironment: Study Protocols, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Strategic Information Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. This Is What The Underside Of An Iceberg Looks Like [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Assessment of Audits of Bilingual Education Grants in Texas by U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Inspector General (No. AFMD-85-6). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun, Z., 2013. A qualitative study of Chinese parents’ beliefs, involvement and challenges in support of their children’s English language development in China (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., Morris, W., 2017. August Wilson: Then. Now. Forever? New York Times AR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morken, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Burke and Rieseberg, 2003; Morken, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burke and Rieseberg, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Musallam et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Strategic Information Systems
AbbreviationJ. Strat. Inf. Syst.
ISSN (print)0963-8687
ScopeManagement Information Systems
Information Systems
Information Systems and Management

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