How to format your references using the Biotechnology Research and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Research and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hallonsten, O. (2015). Europe needs fresh focus on big-science projects. Nature, 518(7539), 275.
A journal article with 2 authors
Okamoto, N., & Inouye, I. (2005). A secondary symbiosis in progress? Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 287.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gregoire, L. J., Payne, A. J., & Valdes, P. J. (2012). Deglacial rapid sea level rises caused by ice-sheet saddle collapses. Nature, 487(7406), 219–222.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ghez, A. M., Morris, M., Becklin, E. E., Tanner, A., & Kremenek, T. (2000). The accelerations of stars orbiting the Milky Way’s central black hole. Nature, 407(6802), 349–351.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chow, S.-C., & Liu, J.-P. (2005). Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials: Concepts and Methodologies. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Su, Y. (2011). Principles of Compilers: A New Approach to Compilers Including the Algebraic Method (S. Y. Yan, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahmed, A., Mansor, A., & Albagul, A. (2015). Design and Fabrication of an Automatic Sprinkler Fire Fighting System. In M. Chouchane, T. Fakhfakh, H. B. Daly, N. Aifaoui, & F. Chaari (Eds.), Design and Modeling of Mechanical Systems - II: Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Design and Modeling of Mechanical Systems, CMSM’2015, March 23-25, Hammamet, Tunisia (pp. 41–49). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Research and Innovation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 6). From Cucumber To Plague-Causing Bacteria, Scientists Examine DNA In New York Subways. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Medical ADP Systems: Changes in Composite Health Care System’s Deployment Strategy Are Unwise (IMTEC-91-47). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joppy, D. A. (2013). Principal Socialization in One Virginia School District: A Phenomenological Investigation [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte, L. (2011, May 19). Scouting Report. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hallonsten, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hallonsten, 2015; Okamoto & Inouye, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Okamoto & Inouye, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Gregoire et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ghez et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Research and Innovation
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Res. Innov.
ISSN (print)2452-0721

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