How to format your references using the Biotechnology Research and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Research and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Corsi, P. (2009). Evolution pioneers: Lamarck’s reputation saved by his zoology. Nature, 461(7261), 167.
A journal article with 2 authors
Trachenko, K., & Brazhkin, V. V. (2013). Duality of liquids. Scientific Reports, 3, 2188.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sousa, T., Marques, G. M., & Domingos, T. (2009). Comment on “Energy uptake and allocation during ontogeny.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5945), 1206; author reply 1206.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Beck, P. G., Bedding, T. R., Mosser, B., Stello, D., Garcia, R. A., Kallinger, T., Hekker, S., Elsworth, Y., Frandsen, S., Carrier, F., De Ridder, J., Aerts, C., White, T. R., Huber, D., Dupret, M.-A., Montalbán, J., Miglio, A., Noels, A., Chaplin, W. J., … Jenkins, J. M. (2011). Kepler detected gravity-mode period spacings in a red giant star. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6026), 205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mashadi, B., & Crolla, D. (2012). Vehicle Powertrain Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ross, R. G. (Ed.). (2005). Cryocoolers 13. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Arnold, M. (2009). Numerical methods for simulation in applied dynamics. In M. Arnold & W. Schiehlen (Eds.), Simulation Techniques for Applied Dynamics (pp. 191–246). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Research and Innovation.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, October 8). How Neutrinos, Which Barely Exist, Just Ran Off With Another Nobel Prize. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1974). Review of Estimate in Prime Contract N00019-71-C-0450 With Grumman Aerospace Corporation (No. 093132). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Forget, M. A. (2012). Tumor Angiogenesis is all Tied up in Tie2-Expressing Macrophages [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. (1998, October 11). Are You Now or Have You Ever Been . . . New York Times, 76.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Corsi, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Corsi, 2009; Trachenko & Brazhkin, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Trachenko & Brazhkin, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Sousa et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Beck et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Research and Innovation
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Res. Innov.
ISSN (print)2452-0721

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