How to format your references using the Biotechnology Research and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Research and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Garde, S. (2015). Physical chemistry: Hydrophobic interactions in context. Nature, 517(7534), 277–279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonilla, L. L., & Carpio, A. (2012). Materials science. Driving dislocations in graphene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6091), 161–162.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tritsch, N. X., Ding, J. B., & Sabatini, B. L. (2012). Dopaminergic neurons inhibit striatal output through non-canonical release of GABA. Nature, 490(7419), 262–266.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Takada, K., Sakurai, H., Takayama-Muromachi, E., Izumi, F., Dilanian, R. A., & Sasaki, T. (2003). Superconductivity in two-dimensional CoO2 layers. Nature, 422(6927), 53–55.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blackwood, N. (2014). Advanced Excel Reporting for Management Accountants. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Spyropoulos, T., & Hummel, K. A. (Eds.). (2009). Self-Organizing Systems: 4th IFIP TC 6 International Workshop, IWSOS 2009, Zurich, Switzerland, December 9-11, 2009. Proceedings (Vol. 5918). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Christaller, T. (2007). Artificial Intelligence Is Engineering Intelligence – Why Should We Care About Natural Intelligence? In J. Hertzberg, M. Beetz, & R. Englert (Eds.), KI 2007: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 30th Annual German Conference on AI, KI 2007, Osnabrück, Germany, September 10-13, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 43–43). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Research and Innovation.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 14). Cancer-Detecting Dog Trials Approved By The NHS. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Airport Improvement Program: Reliever Airport Set-Aside Funds Could Be Redirected (RCED-94-226). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Drake, D. A. (2013). Viscoelastic characterization of vapor-grown carbon nanofiber/vinyl ester nanocomposites using a response surface methodology [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Belo, J. (2017, April 20). The Sanitation Worker’s Plight. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Garde, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bonilla & Carpio, 2012; Garde, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonilla & Carpio, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Tritsch et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Takada et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Research and Innovation
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Res. Innov.
ISSN (print)2452-0721

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