How to format your references using the Biotechnology Research and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Research and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wager, J. F. (2003). Applied physics. Transparent electronics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5623), 1245–1246.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hensch, T. K., & Stryker, M. P. (2004). Columnar architecture sculpted by GABA circuits in developing cat visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1678–1681.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shema, R., Sacktor, T. C., & Dudai, Y. (2007). Rapid erasure of long-term memory associations in the cortex by an inhibitor of PKM zeta. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5840), 951–953.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yan, B., Liu, J., Song, B., Xiao, P., & Lu, L. (2013). Li-rich thin film cathode prepared by pulsed laser deposition. Scientific Reports, 3, 3332.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hahn, G. J., & Doganaksoy, N. (2011). A Career in Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pepin, B., & Roesken-Winter, B. (Eds.). (2015). From beliefs to dynamic affect systems in mathematics education: Exploring a mosaic of relationships and interactions. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Leckie, F. A., & Bello, D. J. D. (2009). Axial Members and Pressure Vessels. In F. A. Leckie (Ed.), Strength and Stiffness of Engineering Systems (pp. 1–50). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Research and Innovation.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, January 12). Check Out These Utterly Beautiful Light Pillars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Rail Safety: Improved Human Capital Planning Could Address Emerging Safety Oversight Challenges (GAO-14-85). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Benware, A. (2017). The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2016, September 15). Harshing the Mellow of Angsty Hipsters. New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wager, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Hensch & Stryker, 2004; Wager, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hensch & Stryker, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Shema et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yan et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Research and Innovation
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Res. Innov.
ISSN (print)2452-0721

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