How to format your references using the Biotechnology Research and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Research and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shelton, J. D. (2011). HIV/AIDS. ARVs as HIV prevention: a tough road to wide impact. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6063), 1645–1646.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schacter, D. L., & Addis, D. R. (2007). Constructive memory: the ghosts of past and future. Nature, 445(7123), 27.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul, M., Puchtel, I. S., & Walker, R. J. (2015). Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature, 520(7548), 530–533.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nybakken, G. E., Oliphant, T., Johnson, S., Burke, S., Diamond, M. S., & Fremont, D. H. (2005). Structural basis of West Nile virus neutralization by a therapeutic antibody. Nature, 437(7059), 764–769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norton, L. (2013). How to Be a Global Nonprofit. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Al-Khayri, J. M., Jain, S. M., & Johnson, D. V. (Eds.). (2015). Date Palm Genetic Resources and Utilization: Volume 2: Asia and Europe. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ganian, R. (2011). Thread Graphs, Linear Rank-Width and Their Algorithmic Applications. In C. S. Iliopoulos & W. F. Smyth (Eds.), Combinatorial Algorithms: 21st International Workshop, IWOCA 2010, London, UK, July 26-28, 2010, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 38–42). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Research and Innovation.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, April 28). Astronomers Spot Galaxies Being Hurled From Clusters At Astonishing Speeds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Bid Rejection Protest (B-178720). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fertig, B. M. (2010). Stable nitrogen isotopes (delta-nitrogen-15) in the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) as an indicator of nitrogen source [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. (2015, April 12). Escaping the Past, or Embracing It Before It Fades. New York Times, WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shelton, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schacter & Addis, 2007; Shelton, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schacter & Addis, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Touboul et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nybakken et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Research and Innovation
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Res. Innov.
ISSN (print)2452-0721

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