How to format your references using the Biotechnology Research and Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biotechnology Research and Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. (2015). The changing face of industry. Nature, 528(7582), S184-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Glimcher, P. W., & Rustichini, A. (2004). Neuroeconomics: the consilience of brain and decision. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5695), 447–452.
A journal article with 3 authors
Springel, V., Frenk, C. S., & White, S. D. M. (2006). The large-scale structure of the Universe. Nature, 440(7088), 1137–1144.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Peng, B., Ren, X., Wang, Z., Wang, X., Roberts, R. C., & Chan, P. K. L. (2014). High performance organic transistor active-matrix driver developed on paper substrate. Scientific Reports, 4, 6430.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai, Y. (2010). Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sarkar, M. (2013). A Biologically Inspired CMOS Image Sensor. (A. Theuwissen, Ed.) (Vol. 461). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hidalgo-Herrero, M., Ortega-Mallén, Y., & Rubio, F. (2007). Comparing Alternative Evaluation Strategies for Stream-Based Parallel Functional Languages. In Z. Horváth, V. Zsók, & A. Butterfield (Eds.), Implementation and Application of Functional Languages: 18th International Symposium, IFL 2006, Budapest, Hungary, September 4-6, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 55–72). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biotechnology Research and Innovation.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, March 15). Did Ancient Humans Help Create The Sahara Desert? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Information Technology: HUD’s Expenditure Plan Satisfied Statutory Conditions; Sustained Controls and Modernization Approach Needed (No. GAO-14-283). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hussmann, S. (2014). Profiling Drilling Fluid Invasion in Sandstones Using Water Based Muds: Implications for Bridging and Wellbore Strengthening Effects (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2014, October 17). Comic Relief. New York Times, p. MM23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cyranoski, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski, 2015; Glimcher & Rustichini, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Glimcher & Rustichini, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Springel, Frenk, & White, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Peng et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiotechnology Research and Innovation
AbbreviationBiotechnol. Res. Innov.
ISSN (print)2452-0721

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