How to format your references using the Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.J. Ijspeert, Biorobotics: using robots to emulate and investigate agile locomotion, Science. 346 (2014) 196–203.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.P. Gutierrez, L.P. Lee, Engineering. Multiscale design and integration of sustainable building functions, Science. 341 (2013) 247–248.
A journal article with 3 authors
E.J. Rulifson, S.K. Kim, R. Nusse, Ablation of insulin-producing neurons in flies: growth and diabetic phenotypes, Science. 296 (2002) 1118–1120.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Zhang, H. Zhou, Y. Su, Z. Sun, H. Zhang, L. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Ning, Y.-G. Chen, A. Meng, Zebrafish Dpr2 inhibits mesoderm induction by promoting degradation of nodal receptors, Science. 306 (2004) 114–117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.T. Ahonen, m-Profits, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
A. Kandel, H. Bunke, M. Last, eds., Applied Graph Theory in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Wright, D. Bakmand-Mikalski, R.B. Rais, D. Bishop, M. Eddinger, B. Farnhill, E. Hild, J. Krause, C. Loriot, S. Malik, M. McDermott, D. Milner, E. Musters, T. Naveed, M. Orange, D. Ortiz, B. Ralston, E. Richard, K. Sethunarayanan, Automating Document Assembly, in: D. Bakmand-Mikalski, R.B. Rais, D. Bishop, M. Eddinger, B. Farnhill, E. Hild, J. Krause, C. Loriot, S. Malik, M. McDermott, D. Milner, E. Musters, T. Naveed, M. Orange, D. Ortiz, B. Ralston, E. Richard, K. Sethunarayanan (Eds.), Expert SharePoint 2010 Practices, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2011: pp. 73–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Migraines Were Taken More Seriously In Medieval Times – Where Did We Go Wrong?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, D.C. Nonappropriated Revenue, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.S. Wickramage, Analysis of Magnaporthe oryzae homologs of Histoplasma capsulatum RYP genes, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, Arts, Briefly; A New Festival in Moscow, New York Times. (2006) B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
AbbreviationJ. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol.
ISSN (print)0960-0760
Cell Biology
Clinical Biochemistry
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Other styles